In late 2010, Germany initiated the Energiewende, a major plan for transforming its energy system into a more efficient one supplied mainly by renewable energy sources. The country has adopted a strategy for an energy pathway to 2050, which includes an accelerated the phase-out of nuclear power by 2022.


Key energy statistics

Key recommendations, 2013

  • Ensure investments and infrastructure support Energiewende

    Ensure that the large-scale transmission and distribution developments, including investments that are necessary if the Energy Concept (Energiewende) is to succeed, are put in place in a timely manner and maintain a regulatory system that provides sufficient financial incentives and investment security for mobilising the necessary investments in distribution.

  • Develop mechanisms to manage the cost of renewables

    Develop suitable mechanisms to manage the cost of incremental renewable energy capacity via cost-effective market-based approaches, which will support the forecast growth of variable renewable electricity generation that brings new capacity closer to market needs, supports investments in appropriate locations and complements planned network expansion.

  • Assess market arrangements in support of power system flexibility

    Assess, in co-ordination with all relevant stakeholders, the extent to which the present market arrangements enable the financing of economically viable investments in new flexible gas-fired generation and cost-effective electricity storage.

  • Ensure costs are allocated fairly

    Take strong measures to ensure that the costs of the Energiewende are minimised and allocated fairly and equitably across customer categories and limit the growth of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) surcharge attributable to the deployment of additional renewable energy capacities, while drawing all benefits from the rapid decrease in technology costs that has occurred.

  • Clearly convey the role of natural gas

    Develop policies that convey a clear understanding of the role of gas in the Energiewende and ensure that the short-term boom in coal use by the electricity sector does not crowd out investment in flexible gas-fired capacity