Today, more than 2.1 billion people lack access to safe drinking water.
More than half the global population lacks access to proper sanitation services. More than a third of the global population is affected by water scarcity. Roughly 80% of wastewater is discharged untreated, adding to already problematic levels of water pollution. Energy is an essential part of the solution, and IEA analysis shows that achieving universal access to clean water and sanitation would add less than 1% to global energy demand in the Sustainable Development Scenario by 2030.
Desalinated water affects the energy equation in the Middle East
The energy sector should care about wastewater
Energy has a role to play in achieving universal access to clean water and sanitation
Waste not, want not
World Energy Outlook Special Report