Deploy national and local heating and cooling strategies
Together with broader policy goals, targets related specifically to district heating (e.g. district heating penetration, integration of renewable energy sources, waste heat recovery plans) are important to drive the transition to efficient district heating networks.
Good knowledge and anticipation of current and future heat demand and resources (through heat mapping) is fundamental to set such targets, design coherent long-term heat strategies, assess district heating potential and define its role. See, for example, the Heat Roadmap Europe.
In addition, building capacity for energy and infrastructure mapping at the local level allows advanced urban planning practices to integrate energy, infrastructure and land planning. For instance, excavation costs for district energy systems could be shared with other infrastructure construction projects, and district heating expansion could be coordinated with building renovations.