Belgium has made clear progress in increasing competition in the electricity and natural gas markets. It has reduced the use of fossil fuels and increased the share of renewable energy. The country’s economy is also becoming less energy intensive.


Key energy statistics

Key recommendations, 2016

  • Adopt a market-based long-term energy vision

    In order to provide clarity, policy consistency and investment security, adopt an inter-federal long-term energy vision including an energy pact and engage all political parties and all relevant stakeholders in jointly developing it to increase its legitimacy.

  • Develop a long-term energy policy framework

    Closely follow the principles of transparency, predictability and regulatory certainty when designing and implementing a national energy policy.

  • Diversify energy supply and limit energy demand

    Strengthen measures to further diversify energy supply and limit energy demand, in particular through energy efficiency, renewable energy and intensified collaboration with neighbouring countries.

  • Address as a high priority the electricity capacity shortage

    Clarify the role of nuclear power in the energy mix after thoroughly assessing whether an early phase-out of nuclear power over a short period of time as currently scheduled, is feasible and reasonable from the perspective of electricity security, GHG mitigation and electricity generation costs.