What are decarbonisation enablers?
In addition to the main pillars of decarbonisation in the Net Zero Emissions by 2050 Scenario such as energy efficiency, renewables, low-emissions fuels, and carbon capture technologies, there are cross-cutting enablers, including innovation, international collaboration, and digitalisation, that accelerate progress by strengthening policy or providing more effective technological solutions.
What is their role in clean energy transitions?
Digital technologies have tremendous potential to help the energy system get on track with the net zero pathway. The path to 2050 also relies on emerging energy technologies that are not yet ready for widespread use, particularly in hard-to-abate sectors like heavy industry and long-range transport. International coordination will also be essential to provide the necessary policy impetus and to ensure all countries have the support they need to advance their energy transitions.
What are the challenges?
Despite growing investment in digital energy technologies and clean energy innovation, greater policy support is needed to get on track for net zero. International initiatives will be particularly important for decarbonising sectors like heavy industry and long-range transport, but despite recent momentum more efforts are needed to expand the geographic and sectoral scope of these policies.