Member country

Energy system of Germany

Germany’s Climate Law sets out the framework for reaching net zero emissions by 2045. In order to achieve the ambitious Energiewende by 2030, 80% of all electricity supply will need to come from renewable energy sources (and 100% by 2035) and coal is to be completely phased out. Germany has been an early leader in offshore wind and solar PV and phased out nuclear power in 2023. Major legislative reforms in renewable energy planning and siting support targets of 100-110 GW of onshore wind, 30 GW offshore wind and 200 GW solar, alongside investments in 10 GW of hydrogen by 2030. Under the Energy Efficiency Act, Germany is deploying efforts to reduce energy consumption of about 500 TWh by 2030, corresponding to around one fifth of its energy consumption in 2022.

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