Energy investment

Authoritative, reliable and global data and analysis for decision-makers

The future global energy system – its security, sustainability, affordability and accessibility – relies on the investment decisions taken today and in the years to come. This page brings together the IEA’s work on energy investment, which helps inform decision making by governments, the energy industry and financial institutions to set policy frameworks, implement business strategies, finance new projects, and develop new technologies.


Introduction


Investment made today in energy infrastructure will leave its mark for decades to come. For this reason, the energy sector presents exceptional opportunities, but also challenges for investors and governments who must deliver capital at the right time and in the right place, while also considering long time horizons.

Complex policy and regulatory, market and financial factors have a big impact on the perceived risks, returns and cost of capital that ultimately shape investors’ appetite for financing energy investments. IEA investment data and analysis provide critical understanding on how these factors are impacting where finance is flowing, and where future investment needs to go in order to be aligned with energy security and sustainability goals.

Tracking investment


	Fossil-fuel power	Nuclear	Renewable power	Networks	Battery storage	Upstream	Downstream, midstream & refining	Buildings	Transport	Industry	Coal supply	Renewables for transport and heat
Power sector	127	47	304	293	4							
Oil & gas supply						477	249					
Energy efficiency								139	63	38		
Coal supply											80	
Renewables for transport and heat												25
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Policy engagement & advice


In addition to tracking investments, the IEA’s work on investment and financing covers a wide range of topics, programmes and initiatives including:

Publications