Covid-19 and the resilience of renewables

Solar PV


Hydropower, bioenergy, CSP and geothermal

Transport biofuels

  • ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers Association) (2020), Statistics, (accessed September 2020).
  • Equasis (2018), The World Merchant Fleet in 2018, European Maritime Safety Agency, Lisbon.
  • European Parliament (2020), Shipping industry must contribute to climate neutrality,
  • Felby (2018), Potential and challenges for drop-in fuels in the shipping industry, presentation at the Fuels of the Future 2018 conference, Berlin, 22‑23 January 2018.
  • Financial Times (2020), Shipping lines face formidable foe in pandemic,
  • IATA (International Air Transport Association) (2020), Jet Fuel Price Monitor,
  • IEA (International Energy Agency) (2020a), Monthly Oil Data Service (MODS), August 2020,
  • IEA (2020b), Oil Information (database),
  • IEA (2020c), Outlook for biogas and biomethane: Prospects for organic growth, IEA, Paris.
  • IEA (2020d), Energy Technology Perspectives 2020, IEA, Paris
  • IEA Bioenergy TCP (Technology Collaboration Programme) (2020), Advanced biofuels: Potential for cost reduction, IEA Bioenergy TCP.
  • IHS Markit (2020), Biofuels market (subscription service), IHS Markit, London.
  • IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency) (2020), Navigating the way to a sustainable future: Solutions to decarbonise shipping - Preliminary findings, IRENA, Abu Dhabi.
  • ITF (International Transport Forum) (2020), Global container shipping and the coronavirus crisis, ITF/OECD, Paris.
  • MAPA (Brazil Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply) (2020), Agroenergia,
  • US EIA (United States Energy Information Administration) (2020), Petroleum and Other Liquids,

Renewable heat

Key trends to watch