IEA (2002), Flexibility in Natural Gas Supply and Demand, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/flexibility-in-natural-gas-supply-and-demand
In most IEA Member countries, natural gas demand varies strongly during the year, according to temperature. Flexibility is needed to cover seasonal swings and variations in gas demand, especially for household customers. This book analyses how new flexibility tools and mechanisms are developing with market liberalisation and with the evolution of supply and demand trends. It highlights differences in flexibility requirements and provisions among IEA Member countries.