IEA (2022), Coal Market Update – July 2022, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/coal-market-update-july-2022
Acknowledgements, contributors and credits
This publication has been prepared by the Gas, Coal and Power Markets Division (GCP) of the International Energy Agency (IEA). Keisuke Sadamori, Director of Energy Markets and Security, provided with essential guidance and Carlos Fernández Alvarez has led and co-ordinated the analysis. Jonas Zinke and Carlos Fernández Alvarez are the authors.
Other IEA colleagues provided important contributions, including Louis Chambeau, Javier Jorquera Copier, Stefan Lorenczik, Rebecca McKimm and Gergely Molnár.
Timely and comprehensive data from the IEA Energy Data Centre were fundamental to the report. Laura Marí Martínez and Nicola Draghi provided invaluable support during the process.
This report is possible due to the support of the IEA Communication and Digital Office (CDO). Particular thanks go to Gregory Viscusi, who edited the report, Astrid Dumond and Jethro Mullen.
Our gratitude goes to the Institute of Energy Economics at the University of Cologne (EWI) for sharing its breadth of coal expertise and modelling.
For questions and comments, please contact
Carlos Fernández Alvarez (Carlos.Fernandez@iea.org).
Abbreviations and acronyms
API Argus/McCloskey’s Coal Price Index
ARA Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Antwerp
CFR cost and freight
CIF cost, insurance and freight
CV calorific value
EIA Energy Information Administration (United States)
EU European Union
FOB free on board
GDP gross domestic product
IEA International Energy Agency
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
TTF Title Transfer Facility (Netherlands)
US United States
USD United States dollar
Units of measure
bt billion tonnes
MBtu million British thermal units
Mt million tonnes
Mtpa million tonnes per annum
TWh terawatt hours