Carbon capture, utilisation and storage

Carbon capture, utilisation and storage, or CCUS, is an important emissions reduction technology that can be applied across the energy system.

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Key findings

Large-scale CO2 capture projects in power generation in the Sustainable Development Scenario, 2000-2040


Targeted policy measures and support for innovation are critical for CCUS, especially after Covid-19

Two large-scale CCUS power projects are currently in operation with a combined capture capacity of 2.4 MtCO2 per year. This is well off track to reach the 2030 SDS level of 310 MtCO2 per year. Prior to the Covid-19 crisis, CCUS was gaining new momentum. In 2019, 5 new CCUS-equipped power plants were announced, spurred primarily by new investment incentives in the United States, bringing the total to 14 power plants in development globally. As with other clean-energy investments, CCUS projects now face considerable challenges. CCUS applied to power is at an early stage of commercialisation, so securing investments will require complementary and targeted policy measures such as tax credits and grant funding.

World large-scale CCUS facilities operating and in development, 2010-2020


Momentum is growing for CCUS

After years of a declining investment pipeline, plans for more than 30 new integrated CCUS facilities have been announced since 2017. The vast majority are in the United States and Europe, but projects are also planned in Australia, China, Korea, the Middle East and New Zealand. If all these projects were to proceed, the amount of global CO2 capture capacity would more than triple, to around 130 Mt per year.


Our work

Founded in 1991, the remit of the GHG TCP is to evaluate options and assess the progress of carbon capture and storage, and other technologies that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions derived from the use of fossil fuels, biomass and waste. The aim of the TCP is to help accelerate energy technology innovation by ensuring that stakeholders from both the public and private sectors share knowledge, work collaboratively and, where appropriate, pool resources to deliver integrated and cost-effective solutions.