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Refining

World refinery intake by region, 1971-2019

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Refinery intake by region, 2019

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Refinery intake by region, 1973

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Crude distillation capacity

kb/cd

% of world total

United States

18 384

18.0

People’s Rep. of China 

17 045

16.7

Russian Federation

6 819

6.7

India

5 308

5.2

Korea

3 525

3.5

Japan

3 443

3.4

Saudi Arabia

3 249

3.2

Brazil

2 229

2.2

Islamic Rep. of Iran

2 193

2.1

Germany

2 022

2.0

Rest of the world

37 875

37.0

World

102 091

100.0

Notes: Includes crude oil and oil products. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Oil Information, 2021

Net exporters

Mt

Saudi Arabia

415

Russian Federation

389

Iraq

195

United Arab Emirates

168

Canada

163

Kuwait

126

Nigeria

77

Kazakhstan

74

Norway

71

Islamic Rep. of Iran

64

Others

508

Total

2 259

Net importers

Mt

People's Rep. of China

497

India

202

Japan

170

Korea

117

Germany

106

Singapore

79

France

76

Spain

64

United States

63

Italy

53

Others

777

Total

2 204

Notes: Includes crude oil and oil products. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Oil Information, 2021

World refinery output by product, 1971-2019

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Share of refinery output by product, 2019

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Share of refinery output by product, 1973

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Producers

Mt

% of world total

United States

833

20.0

People’s Rep. of China

635

15.3

Russian Federation

280

6.7

India

263

6.3

Korea

158

3.8

Japan

147

3.5

Saudi Arabia

124

3.0

Canada

99

2.4

Germany

98

2.4

Brazil

91

2.2

Rest of the world

1 431

34.4

World

4 159

100.0

Notes: The discrepancy between total net exports and total net imports arises from different data sources and possible misallocation of bunkers into exports for some countries.Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Oil Information, 2021.

Net exporters

Mt

United States

139

Russian Federation

129

Saudi Arabia

63

Korea

28

India

25

Kuwait

24

Islamic Rep. of Iran

22

Netherlands

21

United Arab Emirates

20

Algeria

18

Others

149

Total

638

Net importers

Mt

Mexico

47

France

28

Australia

27

Singapore

27

Nigeria

21

Japan

21

Germany

20

Hong Kong, China

20

Indonesia

20

Brazil

19

Others

306

Total

556

Notes: The discrepancy between total net exports and total net imports arises from different data sources and possible misallocation of bunkers into exports for some countries.Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Oil Information, 2021.

Electricity generation

World electricity generation by fuel, 1971-2019

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Global share of electricity generation, 2019

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Global share of electricity generation, 1973

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Coal

TWh

People’s Rep. of China

4 876

India

1 181

United States

1 070

Japan

329

Korea

246

South Africa

222

Russian Federation

188

Germany

182

Indonesia

174

Australia

154

Rest of the world

1 292

World

9 914

Oil

TWh

Saudi Arabia

168

Mexico

45

Iraq

41

Japan

36

United States

36

Kuwait

28

Islamic Republic of Iran

28

Egypt

26

Lebanon

20

Cuba

17

Rest of the world

302

World

747

Notes: 2019 data. In the coal table, peat and oil shale are aggregated with coal. Sources: IEA, World Energy Balances, 2021; IEA, Electricity Information, 2021.

Natural gas

TWh

United States

1 640

Russian Federation

514

Japan

385

Islamic Rep. of Iran

270

Saudi Arabia

217

People’s Republic of China

213

Mexico

193

Egypt

150

Korea

146

Italy

142

Rest of the world

2 476

World

6 346

Renewables

TWh

People’s Republic of China

2 015

United States

767

Brazil

515

Canada

427

India

325

Germany

242

Russian Federation

197

Japan

186

Turkey

132

Norway

131

Rest of the world

2 077

World

7 014

Notes: 2019 data. Renewables excludes electricity generation from pumped storage. Sources: IEA, World Energy Balances, 2021; IEA, Electricity Information, 2021.

World electricity generation by region, 1971-2019

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Regional share of electricity generation, 2019

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Regional share of electricity generation, 1973

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Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Republic of China

7 472

27.7

United States

4 371

16.2

India

1 624

6.0

Russian Federation

1 120

4.2

Japan

1 037

3.8

Canada

645

2.4

Brazil

626

2.3

Germany

603

2.2

Korea

578

2.1

France

566

2.1

Rest of the world

8 294

31.0

World

26 936

100.0

Notes: 2019 data. Producers refers to gross production minus production from pumped storage plants. Sources: IEA, World Energy Balances, 2021; IEA, Electricity Information, 2021.

Net exporters

TWh

France

58

Canada

47

Germany

33

Paraguay

32

Sweden

26

Lao People’s. Dem. Rep.

23

Russian Federation

18

People’s Rep. of China

17

Czech Republic

13

Israel

6

Others

63

Total

336

Net importers

TWh

United States

39

Italy

38

Brazil

25

Thailand

23

United Kingdom

21

Finland

20

Iraq

14

Hungary

13

Hong Kong, China

12

Argentina

11

Others

116

Total

332

Notes: 2019 data. Sources: IEA, World Energy Balances, 2021; IEA, Electricity Information, 2021.