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Average key crude oil spot prices, January 1991-June 2021

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Average Rotterdam oil product spot prices, January 1991-June 2021

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Average steam coal prices for electricity generation, 1990-2020

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Average natural gas import prices, 1990-2020

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Energy prices in selected OECD countries (USD/unit)

Country

Heavy fuel oil for industry (tonne)

Light fuel oil for households (1 000 litres)

Automotive diesel oil (litre)

Unleaded premium (litre)

Australia

..

..

..

1.150

Austria

 518.35

 796.86

1.170

1.400

Belgium

 483.09

 658.43

1.370

1.630

Canada

..

 745.58

0.740

1.080

Chile

..

 809.04

..

1.070

Colombia

..

..

..

..

Czech Republic

c

 815.95

1.080

1.350

Denmark

 828.52

1 620.88

1.250

1.840

Estonia

..

 981.75

1.140

1.540

Finland

..

1 100.88

1.400

1.860

France

 664.39

 993.63

1.350

1.760

Germany

..

 744.50

1.310

1.740

Greece

 562.86

1 098.13

1.230

1.830

Hungary

 642.71

x

1.100

1.350

Iceland

..

..

..

..

Ireland

 677.76

 735.20

1.260

1.640

Israel

c

1 179.17

c

1.800

Italy

..

..

..

..

Japan

 591.07

 804.99

0.950

1.340

Korea

 552.53

 789.85

..

1.540

Latvia

..

 805.90

1.100

1.450

Lithuania

 409.53

 607.84

1.060

1.360

Luxembourg

..

 695.48

1.140

1.460

Mexico

..

x

..

..

Netherlands

 651.19

1 326.78

1.340

2.020

New Zealand

 362.58

..

0.650

1.590

Norway

..

..

1.370

1.820

Poland

 475.56

 851.44

1.050

1.290

Portugal

 799.05

1 345.14

1.440

1.800

Slovak Republic

 461.87

..

1.150

1.560

Slovenia

..

1 080.24

1.130

1.310

Spain

 528.31

 746.17

1.110

1.480

Sweden

 989.31

..

..

..

Switzerland

..

 843.11

1.340

1.700

Turkey

 546.84

 794.79

0.900

0.990

United Kingdom

c

 727.95

1.440

1.660

United States

 455.80

 755.93

0.770

0.780

Notes: Prices are for 1st quarter 2021 oil products, and annual 2020 for other products. Heavy fuel oil for industry refers to low sulphur fuel oil. High sulphur fuel oil only for Canada, Ireland, Lithuania, Mexico, New Zealand, Turkey and the United States. For automotive diesel oil, for commercial purposes. Unleaded premium refers to unleaded premium gasoline (95 RON); unleaded regular for Japan. ".." means not available; x means not applicable; c means confidential. Source: IEA, Energy Prices, 2021.

Energy prices in selected OECD countries (USD/unit)

Natural gas for industry (MWh GCV)

Nat. gas for households (MWh GCV)

Steam coal for industry (tonne)

Electricity for industry (MWh)

Electricity for households (MWh)

Country

..

..

..

..

 209.78

Australia

29.29

 76.81

 199.02

 118.56

 236.69

Austria

22.64

 57.41

 93.15

 137.63

 313.53

Belgium

9.87

 24.86

..

 89.70

 109.02

Canada

c

 101.98

..

 164.56

 180.38

Chile

13.86

 41.87

..

 95.18

 148.48

Colombia

29.12

 68.06

c

 111.12

 203.12

Czech Republic

29.09

 85.40

..

 77.12

 306.67

Denmark

27.33

 48.87

..

 93.34

 143.15

Estonia

..

..

 302.60

 77.97

 207.46

Finland

37.78

 87.87

..

 124.63

 214.98

France

26.40

 77.67

..

 173.38

 344.66

Germany

..

..

x

..

..

Greece

22.97

 35.74

x

 78.27

 115.45

Hungary

..

..

..

..

..

Iceland

43.38

 85.93

..

 126.62

 261.31

Ireland

c

x

x

..

..

Israel

..

..

..

..

..

Italy

..

..

 93.13

 161.86

 255.21

Japan

39.84

 55.12

..

 94.33

 103.95

Korea

27.26

 43.18

..

 124.29

 187.01

Latvia

23.68

 42.22

..

 105.00

 154.95

Lithuania

23.71

 43.79

x

 84.84

 217.94

Luxembourg

..

..

x

..

..

Mexico

25.92

 108.53

..

 111.68

 162.25

Netherlands

16.67

 91.99

c

 99.29

 190.10

New Zealand

x

x

..

 20.15

 82.58

Norway

20.61

 48.99

 84.92

 107.48

 169.46

Poland

29.93

 89.35

c

 127.72

 242.29

Portugal

30.26

 60.67

..

 147.55

 197.72

Slovak Republic

31.52

 64.58

c

 100.16

 173.19

Slovenia

25.87

 98.91

..

 117.11

 274.80

Spain

38.08

 116.80

c

 62.96

 174.04

Sweden

64.94

 102.50

 86.30

 126.14

 224.36

Switzerland

23.56

 26.06

 67.07

 102.61

 102.68

Turkey

25.46

 53.13

 115.77

 157.19

 235.35

United Kingdom

10.86

 35.77

 64.85

 66.61

 131.96

United States

Notes: GCV is gross calorific value. For steam coal for industry, brown coal for Turkey. ".." means not available; x means not applicable; c means confidential. Source: IEA, Energy Prices, 2021.

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