The economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, combined with widespread policies aimed at reducing the carbon intensity of power generation, resulted in world coal consumption falling -3.1% (in energy terms) in 2020.

World coal consumption variation 2019-2020


On a tonnage basis, 2019/20 saw the largest decrease ever recorded, -3.8%.

World coal supply year-on-year change, absolute and relative


The majority of countries saw reductions in domestic coal supply. Nevertheless, there were exceptions, such as China1 and Indonesia, +0.6% and +14.8% respectively, where in both cases supply increased by more than 20 Mt. On the other hand, the biggest year-on-year decreases in supply in 2020 were in the United States, the European Union2 and India, with volumes down by 18.1%, 19.3% and 4.4% respectively.

Coal domestic supply, absolute and relative year-on-year change 2019-2020

  1. China refers to People’s Republic of China unless otherwise specified.

  2. European Union refers to EU27, which includes Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.