Germany wants to strengthen mobility while ensuring greater sustainability and climate protection. To this end, the mobility part of the Package for the future will implement the following measures:
- Improve the vehicle tax (Kfz-Steuer für Pkw) for passenger cars in order to steer demand towards lower-emissions or emission-free vehicles. For new registrations since 1 January 2021, the vehicle tax will be based on CO2 emissions per km, and will be higher for vehicles above the 95g CO2/km threshold.
The ten-year vehicle tax exemption for the purchase of electric vehicles will be granted and extended until the end of the year 2030.
- Implement an environmental premium to replace old motor vehicle fleet with electric vehicles. The already existing premium will be doubled thanks to the new "innovation premium". In addition, the measure on 0.25% taxation of purely electric company cars, the purchase price limit will be increased from €40 000 to €60 000.
Budget forecasted: €2.2 billion
- Create a bonus programme for 2020 and 2021 for car manufacturers and industry suppliers, to incite innovation thanks to new investments. Research and development for relevant technologies will receive a €1 billion fund in 2020 and 2021.
Budget forecasted : €2 billion
- Launch the "Social & Mobile" programme in 2020 and 2021 to promote electromobility and support non-profit users to convert their vehicle fleet.
Budget forecasted: €200 million
- Create a temporary fleet replacement programme for craftsmen and SMEs to encourage their transition to electric vehicles.
- Develop modern and safe charging points, and expand existing charging point networks and infrastructures to make them more accessible (gas stations, hospitals, sports facilities, etc.)
Budget forecasted: €2.5 billion
- Continue to support the German railway company Deutsche Bahn to encourage the modernisation, expansion and electrification of the rail network. The Federal Government will contribute 1 billion euros of additional equity to Deutsche Bahn each year from 2020 to 2030. To compensate for the fall in revenues due to the Covid-19 pandemic, €5 billion of additional equity capital will be provided.
- Additional €150 million will be used to improve mobile radio reception along the 39,000 km of railway lines in Germany (conversion to GSM-R).
Budget forecasted: €150 million
- The "Bus and Truck Fleet Modernisation Programme" will promote alternative eco-friendly vehicles (e.g. e-buses). Funding for e-buses and their charging infrastructure will also be increased until the end of the year 2021.
Budget forecasted: €1.2 billion
- The German government will demand the EU Commission to set up a temporary Europe-wide fleet renewal programme 2020-21. It will concern heavy-duty commercial vehicles for the purchase of trucks with the latest Euro 6 emissions standard. The government asks for a subsidy of 15,000 euros for the replacement of Euro 5 trucks and 10,000 euros for the replacement of Euro 3 or Euro 4 vehicles.
Budget forecasted: unknown
- Shipping will be modernised and digitalised as a climate-friendly means of transport. Germany will encourage bank rehabilitation, modernisation of locks, replacement of ships and digital test fields. €1 billion will be provided to structures and innovation programmes such as the Maritime Research Programme, the Shore Power Funding Programme, the "LNG Refuelling Vessel Funding Programme", the "Fleet Renewal Programme for Authority Ships" and a new "Clean Ship Immediate Programme".
Budget forecasted: €1 billion
- Support to convert aircraft fleets to modern aircraft emitting up to 30% less CO² and noise.
Budget forecasted: €1 billion