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Refining

World refinery intake by region, 1971-2018

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Refinery intake by region, 2018

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Refinery intake by region, 1973

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Crude distillation capacity

kb/cd

% of world total

United States

19 026

18.6

People’s Rep. of China 

16 726

16.3

Russian Federation

6 819

6.7

India

5 201

5.1

Japan

3 558

3.5

Korea

3 525

3.4

Saudi Arabia

2 829

2.8

Islamic Rep. of Iran

2 325

2.3

Brazil

2 175

2.1

Germany

2 022

2.0

Rest of the world

38 203

37.2

World

102 409

100.0

Notes: 2019 data. Includes crude oil and oil products. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020; IEA, Oil Information, 2020.

Net exporters

Mt

Saudi Arabia

437

Russian Federation

389

Iraq

177

Canada

156

United Arab Emirates

149

Kuwait

133

Islamic Rep. of Iran

125

Nigeria

74

Kazakhstan

74

Norway

73

Others

519

Total

2 306

Net importers

Mt

People's Rep. of China

464

India

197

Japan

176

United States

146

Korea

122

Germany

103

Singapore

85

France

76

Spain

63

Italy

52

Others

780

Total

2 264

Notes: 2018 data. Includes crude oil and oil products.

World refinery output by product, 1971-2018

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Share of refinery output by product, 2018

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Share of refinery output by product, 1973

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Producers

Mt

% of world total

United States

856

20.5

People’s Rep. of China

599

14.4

Russian Federation

277

6.6

India

260

6.2

Korea

158

3.8

Japan

152

3.6

Saudi Arabia

128

3.1

Germany

97

2.3

Brazil

94

2.3

Canada

90

2.2

Rest of the world

1 459

35.0

World

4 170

100.0

Notes: 2019 data. Source: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020; IEA, Oil Information, 2020.

Net exporters

Mt

United States

146

Russian Federation

129

Saudi Arabia

69

India

30

Korea

29

Kuwait

28

United Arab Emirates

24

Netherlands

22

Algeria

20

Islamic Rep. of Iran

20

Others

154

Total

671

Net importers

Mt

Mexico

48

Singapore

29

Australia

28

Japan

25

Indonesia

23

Turkey

23

France

22

Hong Kong, China

21

Nigeria

19

Germany

18

Others

321

Total

577

Notes: 2018 data. The discrepancy between total net exports and total net imports arises from different data sources and possible misallocation of bunkers into exports for some countries.

Electricity generation

World electricity generation by fuel, 1971-2018

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Global share of electricity generation, 2018

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Global share of electricity generation, 1973

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Coal

TWh

Oil

TWh

Natural gas

TWh

Renewables

TWh

People’s Rep. of China

4 773

Saudi Arabia

160

United States

1 519

People’s Rep. of China

1 833

United States

1 272

Japan

522

Russian Federation

528

United States

743

India

1 163

United States

43

Japan

378

Brazil

495

Japan

339

Iraq

40

Islamic Rep. of Iran

256

Canada

434

Korea

258

Mexico

35

People's Rep. of China

224

India

300

Germany

239

Pakistan

31

Saudi Arabia

218

Germany

225

South Africa

227

Kuwait

31

Mexico

202

Russian Federation

193

Russian Federation

178

Islamic Rep. of Iran

29

Korea

156

Japan

177

Indonesia

160

Egypt

23

Egypt

155

Norway

143

Australia

158

Lebanon

21

United Arab Emirates

134

Italy

114

Rest of the world

1 393

319

2 380

2 043

World

10 160

784

6 150

6 700

Notes: 2018 data. Peat and oil share are aggregated with coal. Renewables excludes electricity generation from pumped storage. Sources: IEA, World Energy Balances, 2020; IEA, Electricity Information, 2020.

World electricity generation by region, 1971-2018

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Regional share of electricity generation, 2018

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Regional share of electricity generation, 1973

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Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

7 149

26.9

United States

4 434

16.7

India

1 583

5.9

Russian Federation

1 113

4.2

Japan

1 050

3.9

Canada

654

2.5

Germany

637

2.4

Brazil

601

2.3

Korea

586

2.2

France

577

2.2

Rest of the world

8 235

30.8

World

26 619

100.0

Notes: 2018 data. Gross production minus production from pumped storage plants. Sources: IEA, World Energy Balances, 2020; IEA, Electricity Information, 2020.

Net exporters

TWh

France

63

Germany

49

Canada

48

Paraguay

42

Lao People's Dem. Rep.

27

Sweden

17

People's Rep. of China

14

Czech Republic

14

Russian Federation

13

Norway

10

Others

76

Total

373

Net importers

Twh

United States

44

Italy

44

Brazil

35

Thailand

26

Iraq

22

Finland

20

United Kingdom

19

Belgium

17

Hungary

14

Hong Kong, China

12

Others

123

Total

376

Notes: 2018 data.