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Data tables

 

GDP PPP growth rates (%)

 

2018-19

United States

2.3%

China

6.1%

India

4.8%

Europe

1.5%

Rest of World

1.9%

World

2.9%

 

Energy Demand (Mtoe)

Growth rate (%)

Shares (%)

 

 

2019

2018-19

2000

2019

Total Primary Energy Demand

14 385

0.9%

100%

100%

Coal

3 762

-1.7%

23%

26%

Oil

4 512

0.7%

37%

31%

Gas

3 320

1.8%

21%

23%

Nuclear

 732

3.3%

7%

5%

Hydro

 373

2.4%

2%

3%

Biomass and waste

1 362

2.2%

10%

9%

Other renewables

326

12.2%

1%

2%

 

Electricity Generation (TWh)

Growth rate (%)

Shares (%)

 

 

2019

2018-19

2000

2019

Total Generation

26 951

1.3%

100%

100%

Coal

9 819

-3.1%

39%

36%

Oil

 789

-1.4%

8%

3%

Gas

6 246

2.5%

18%

23%

Nuclear

2 806

3.3%

17%

10%

Hydro

4 333

2.4%

17%

16%

Biomass and waste

 688

7.8%

1%

3%

Wind

1 405

11.9%

0%

5%

Solar photovoltaics

 720

22.3%

0%

3%

Other renewables

 144

5.3%

0%

1%

 

Total Primary Energy Demand (Mtoe)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

2 213

-0.6%

China

3 291

3.4%

India

 924

0.9%

Europe

1 952

-1.9%

Rest of the World

5 590

1.0%

WORLD

14 385

0.9%

 

Coal Primary Energy Demand (Mtce)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

 393

-14.2%

China

2 855

1.0%

India

 585

-0.3%

Europe

 387

-13.6%

Rest of the World

1 155

0.8%

WORLD

5 374

-1.7%

 

Oil Primary Energy Demand (mb/d)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

 18

0.0%

China

 13

5.0%

India

 5

2.7%

Europe

 13

-0.8%

Rest of the World

 48

0.1%

WORLD

 97

0.7%

 

Gas Primary Energy Demand (bcm)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

 884

3.1%

China

 306

8.5%

India

 65

4.5%

Europe

 608

0.1%

Rest of the World

2 177

0.8%

WORLD

4 038

1.8%

 

Electricity generation (TWh)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

4 371

-1.4%

China

7 508

4.7%

India

1 613

-0.3%

Europe

4 053

-2.0%

Rest of the World

9 406

1.8%

WORLD

26 951

1.3%

 

Renewables generation (TWh)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

768

2.0%

China

2 050

10.1%

India

 327

10.7%

Europe

1 493

4.9%

Rest of the World

2 616

5.5%

WORLD

7 255

6.5%

 

Energy Intensity (toe per $1000,PPP)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

0.105

-2.9%

China

0.120

-2.6%

India

0.084

-3.8%

Europe

0.087

-3.3%

Rest of the World

0.097

-0.8%

WORLD

0.103

-2.0%

 

Total CO2 emissions (Mt CO2)

Growth rate (%)

 

2019

2018-2019

United States

4 768

-2.7%

China

9 737

2.3%

India

2 279

0.6%

Europe

3 742

-4.9%

Rest of the World

11 451

0.5%

WORLD

33 267

-0.1%

This release is based on data for 2019 from numerous sources available as of mid-March 2020. These include the latest monthly IEA country data submissions until the end of December when available; other statistical releases from national administrations around the world; and recent market data from upcoming IEA market reports on coal, oil, natural gas, renewables and electricity.

Definitional note 1: Fossil fuel demand tables

  • Oil demand is expressed in million barrels per day (mb/d) and excludes biofuels.
  • Natural gas demand is expressed in billion cubic metres (bcm).
  • Coal demand is expressed in million tonnes of coal equivalent (Mtce).
  • World includes both international marine and aviation fuel bunkers.

Definitional note 2: Energy demand, electricity and CO2 emissions tables

  • Total primary energy demand (TPED) is equivalent to power generation plus “other energy sector” excluding electricity and heat, plus total final consumption (TFC) excluding electricity and heat.
  • Electricity generation data are provided on a gross basis (i.e. includes own use by the generator).
  • CO2 emissions and energy demand from international marine and aviation bunkers are included only at the world level. CO2 emissions do not include emissions from industrial waste and non-renewable municipal waste.