IEA (2011), "Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050", IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/impact-of-smart-grid-technologies-on-peak-load-to-2050
The IEA Smart Grids Technology Roadmap identified five global trends that could be effectively addressed by deploying smart grids. These are: increasing peak load (the maximum power that the grid delivers during peak hours); rising electricity consumption; electrification of transport; deployment of variable generation technologies (e.g. wind and solar PV); and ageing infrastructure. Along with this roadmap, a new working paper – Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 – develops a methodology to estimate the evolution of peak load until 2050. It also analyses the impact of smart grid technologies in reducing peak load for four key regions: OECD North America, OECD Europe, OECD Pacific and the People's Republic of China. This working paper is a first IEA effort in an evolving modelling process of smart grids that is considering demand response in residential and commercial sectors as well as the integration of electric vehicles.