The first-ever EU-wide CO2 emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles, adopted in 2019, set targets for reducing the average emissions from new lorries for 2025 and 2030.
The Regulation (EU) 2019/1242 setting CO2 emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles entered into force on 14 August 2019.
The Regulation also includes a mechanism to incentivise the uptake of zero- and low-emission vehicles, in a technology-neutral way.
From 2025 on, manufacturers will have to meet the targets set for the fleet-wide average CO2 emissions of their new lorries registered in a given calendar year. Stricter targets will start applying from 2030 on.
The targets are expressed as a percentage reduction of emissions compared to EU average in the reference period (1 July 2019–30 June 2020):
from 2025 onwards: 15% reduction
from 2030 onwards: 30% reduction
The 2025 target can be achieved using technologies that are already available on the market. The 2030 target will be assessed in 2022 as part of the review of the Regulation.
As a first step, the CO2 emission standards will cover large lorries, which account for 65% to 70% of all CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles.
As part of the 2022 review, the Commission should assess the extension of the scope to other vehicle types such as smaller lorries, buses, coaches and trailers.