In the mid-1990s, electricity companies encouraged the setting up of Regional Energy Efficiency Centres. By 1999, Regional Energy Efficiency Centres had been established in each of the 19 counties in Norway. Utilities could collect a supplementary charge of up NKr 0.003 per kWh on transmission tariffs at the lowest grid level to finance energy efficiency activities carried out through these centres. Prior to the White Paper on Energy Policy submitted to the Parliament in March 1999, a national energy committee reported to the government that the responsibility for energy efficiency measures in Norway was fragmented. In their view, these activities should be more purposefully organised. On 1 January 2002 a new agency, Enova, was established to take over the work in the area of energy efficiency.