The 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Paris in November and December 2015. 195 participating countries negotiated and adopted the Paris Agreement, which includes objectives to peak greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible, to limit the global average temperature increase above pre-industrial levels to well below 2°C, and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 C.
The Paris Agreement, which entered into force on 4 November 2016, requires Parties to put forward their best efforts through "nationally determined contributions" (NDCs). These NDCs represent targets and actions for the post-2020 period.
The first NDC of Qatar lists measures to diversify the economy from hydrocarbon with mitigation co-benefits in energy efficiency, clean energy and renewables, research and development, education, and tourism. It also includes adaptation actions with mitigation co-benefits in water management. infrastructure and transport, waste management, and awareness.
According to the document, Qatar Petroleum (QP), now known as Qatar Energy, is committed to zero routine flaring by 2030. In addition, the company has signed the Methane Guiding Principles committing to reduce methane emissions across the natural gas value chain. The principles are based on the following measures:
- Continuously curb methane emissions
- Enhance the accuracy of methane emissions data
- Develop policies and regulations on methane emissions
In addition, QP has deployed leak, detection, and repair programs (LDAR) in all upstream and downstream oil and gas facilities. Furthermore, QP pledges to integrate a fugitive methane monitoring and repair program across all assets.
The NDC of Qatar does not specify the greenhouse gases (GHG) coverage. The sectors covered by the NDC are Energy, Transport and Waste.