New regulations on emissions will need to be followed by dedicated policies and measures
International shipping accounted for around 2% of global energy-related CO2 emissions in 2019. Ambitious and concrete policies are needed to meet the goals set forth by the International Maritime Organisation to reach carbon neutrality in the second half of the century. Reducing carbon intensity in the near term, for instance through energy efficiency measures and slow steaming, is a priority. Over the longer term, policies are needed to promote the adoption of low- and zero-carbon fuels and technologies for oceangoing vessels.