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Global EV Policy Explorer

Key policies and measures that support the deployment of electric and zero-emission vehicles

The table highlights current as well as announced key policies and measures that support the deployment of electric vehicles (EVs) and zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by region and country. These policies and measures take a variety of forms, e.g. fuel economy standards, CO2 emissions standards, deployment roadmaps, and sales or stock targets and ambitions.

The policies and measures listed in the table are structured in four types:

  • Legislation: legally binding commitments such as regulations and standards.
  • Proposals: policies or actions that have been formally proposed and that may form part of a future policy or target.
  • Targets: announced government targets, for example those incorporated into legislation, budgetary commitments, national climate plans, or electric vehicle strategies.
  • Ambitions: government goals or objectives (also known as unofficial targets) as set out in a policy document such as a deployment roadmap or strategy, often without specific targets.

These policies and measures can be searched across nine different categories:

  • LDV: light-duty vehicle (cars and vans)
  • M/HDV: medium/heavy-duty vehicle (freight and vocational vehicles)
  • EVSE: electric vehicle supply equipment (charging infrastructure)
  • 2/3W: two or three wheelers (motorcycles and rickshaws)
  • Bus: bus or road public transport policy
  • Manufacturing: applies to manufacturing of EVs and related components
  • Taxation: applies specifically to duties and taxes
  • Multiple: equally applies to multiple categories

This resource was compiled as part of work on the Global EV Outlook annual series, which is the is the flagship publication of the of the Electric Vehicle Initiative (EVI), a multi-governmental policy forum established in 2010 under the Clean Energy Ministerial. The EVI is dedicated to accelerating the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) worldwide by understanding the policy challenges, helping governments address them, and serving as a platform for knowledge sharing. Members of the EVI are shown in bold in the country list.

Abbreviations used in the table: EVs = electric vehicles, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). ZEVs = zero-emissions vehicles, which include BEVs, PHEVs and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). NEV = new energy vehicle (China); includes BEVs, HEVs, PHEVs and FCEVs. LDV = light-duty vehicle (cars and vans). MDV = medium-duty vehicle. HDV = heavy-duty vehicle. CO2 = carbon dioxide. g CO2/km = grammes of carbon dioxide per kilometre. g CO2/bhp-hr = grammes of carbon dioxide per brake-horsepower hour. kWh = kilowatt-hour. CNG = compressed natural gas. NG = natural gas. LPG = liquefied petroleum gas. ICE = internal combustion engine. ZLEV = zero- or low-emission vehicle.