IEA, Annual efficiency improvements required by existing standards from 2017, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/data-and-statistics/charts/annual-efficiency-improvements-required-by-existing-standards-from-2017
ICCT (2018a); United States (US EPA and NHTSA, 2012); Korea (Transportpolicy.net, 2018b); Mexico (SEGOB, 2013; SEGOB, 2018); India (Government of India, 2014 and 2015); Canada (Government of Canada, 2014); China (ICCT, 2018b; MIIT, 2017; MIIT, 2019); European Union (European Parliament, 2018).
Standards and the GFEI target for 2030 in this graph are set relative to a 2017 baseline. The European Union and Chinese passenger light truck fuel economy standards are assumed to only apply to light-commercial vehicles. The light truck standards in Canada and United States are allocated based on the vehicles subject to the Gas Guzzler Tax (US DoE, 2018). Light truck standards in Korea are based on the small SUV/pick-up truck, large SUV/pick-up truck and van/light-commercial vehicle segments. The share of passenger cars relative to SUV/pick-up trucks and Van/LCVs to calculate the light-duty vehicle average are based on 2017 registrations. The final rule of the European Union 2030 standard is still pending and is based on the latest agreement. The 2025 Chinese standard is a draft (open for comments since 24 January 2019) and so far only applies to passenger cars (Van/LCV assumed flat until 2025). The United States 2025 standard is under review by the US EPA. The Mexican standard is currently a draft awaiting updates and approval after consultation in the fall of 2018.
People without access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa, 2000-2021