Methane Tracker 2021
Helping tackle the urgent global challenge of reducing methane leaks
Interactive database of country and regional estimates for methane emissions and abatement options
IEA (2021), Methane Tracker Database, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/articles/methane-tracker-database
Our analysis examines emissions sources along the full oil and natural gas value chains, except for any emissions that occur within industrial or residential buildings (on the basis that the abatement technologies and options for these end-use emissions are materially different than those for the value chain up to the end-use consumer).
For simplicity, the oil and gas sectors are divided into upstream and downstream segments. Upstream includes all emissions from production and gathering and processing; downstream includes emissions from refining, transmission and distribution.
The production subsector includes all onshore and offshore oil and gas facilities from either conventional or unconventional reservoirs. Liquefaction of natural gas, transportation either by pipeline or as liquefied natural gas (LNG) and regasification are included in downstream processes.
The monetary value attached to captured methane is viewed from a global, societal perspective. Estimates of well-head prices are used in each country, with a credit obtained for selling the gas applied regardless of what contractual arrangements between different companies may be required to lead to this result.
Prices also assume that there are no domestic consumption subsidies as the gas could be sold on the international market at a greater price. The well-head gas prices used could therefore be substantially different from subsidised domestic gas prices.
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