Reform of Electricity Sector in Madagascar
Before Law 98-032, the power sector in Madagascar was governed by the provisions of Ordice 74-002 which gave the State the exclusive rights in this sector. The State, in turn, conferred these rights to the national water and electricity service (JIRAMA) since 1975, which operated almost all generation, transmission and distribution of electricity in the country.
Law 98-032 ended the monopoly of JIRAMA in 1999 by opening up electric power generation, transmission and distribution to competition. This law authorises the participation of private operators through the award of concessions or permits. They are awarded through a bidding process based on a Development Master Plan.
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