System Integration of Renewables

Decarbonising while meeting growing demand

Integrating higher shares of variable renewable energy (VRE) technologies, such as wind and solar PV, in power systems is essential for decarbonising the power sector while continuing to meet growing demand for energy. Thanks to sharply falling costs and supportive policies, VRE deployment has expanded dramatically in recent years. However, the inherent variability of wind and solar PV power generation raises challenges for power systems operators and regulators.


Country examples


The IEA has conducted a number of quantitative studies on system integration of renewables to assess the impact and value of flexibility options to support policy recommendations.

China

China Power System Transformation presents findings from a detailed power sector analysis for China in 2035. The study identifies the establishment of spot markets and regional trade as two of the main elements to improve system operation efficiency in China. Activating the demand side – especially electric vehicles with smart charging – and electricity storage are found to be crucial for an accelerated transformation of the Chinese power system.

The study explored the impact of continuing the practice of limited regional co-ordination in China in 2035, based on the IEA’s New Policies Scenario. Currently, inter-regional trade is constrained by a number of factors, including limited joint governance over the operation of provincial systems and the economic interests of individual provinces to use their own generation as opposed to importing from other regions.

Modelling results from the study show that removing existing barriers to inter-regional co‑ordination and power trading in China would result in an annual operational cost savings of $3.5 per megawatt hour, which is equivalent to $9 billion in total per year. This cost reduction is largely driven by displacement of coal consumption by electricity generated from VRE. Annual CO2 emissions would also be reduced by almost 500 million tonnes per year due to reduced coal-fired generation.

China’s annual power system operational costs and CO2 emissions, 2035
	Fuel cost	Other O&M cost	Carbon cost
Existing trade	24.53231873	3.284690566	13.2503271
Flexible interregional trade	22.63536365	3.023815949	11.89782566
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	CO2
Existing trade	4455.74
Flexible interregional trade	3990.12
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India

The 2018 WEO presented a picture of India’s power system in 2040 under the IEA’s New Policies Scenario (NPS). The analysis showed that electrification targets and affordability of supply will play a key role in reshaping India’s power system going to 2040, with VRE playing an increasingly prominent role – in particular solar PV which is projected to become the main electricity source, by installed capacity, at 450 GW by 2040.

Increasing VRE penetration also implies increased flexibility requirements, which will need to be provided by all system resources. Given their dominance, coal-fired power plants will play a critical role in power system flexibility. However, demand side response and storage will also play a key role in enabling the country’s long term decarbonisation and energy access targets. The NPS shows that without storage or demand response, wind and solar output are set to exceed demand by up to 60 GW during some hours in 2040.

Demand side response reduces this to only 6 GW, while storage deployment eliminates all surplus hours. With full flexibility deployment, VRE curtailment due to specific generation constraints (such as must-run generation) falls to 5 TWh, meaning that upwards from 99% of VRE output can be utilised.

Thailand

The primary objectives of the Thailand Renewable Grid integration Assessment project are to support the reliable and cost-effective uptake of renewable generation in Thailand by identifying integration challenges and possible mitigation options. The study undertakes a comprehensive analysis covering the technical, economic, policy and regulatory frameworks.

The analysis comprises 1) the existing VRE penetration context in Thailand, 2) grid integration of VRE in Thailand’s future power system, 3) the technical potential and economic impact of distributed solar PV on stakeholders, and 4) the power sector planning process and system costs.

The study provides recommendations to guide decision making in power sector operation and planning, investment, and policy to support the uptake of VRE in a reliable and cost-effective manner in order to achieve the objectives of Thailand’s power sector policies. The study tested a set of flexibility options including: power plant flexibility improvements, contractual flexibility in power purchase agreement (PPA) and gas purchase contracts and smart charging of electric vehicles.

The study’s main finding is that a combination of these options led to operation savings of up to 15% in relation to the scenario with the highest VRE penetration and no flexibility options.

	Solar (CAC)	Solar (MAC)	Solar (NAC)	Solar (NEC)	Solar (SAC)	Wind (CAC)	Wind (NAC)	Wind (NEC)	Wind (SAC)	Load	Net Load
12-05-2036 00:00	0	0	0	0	0	1392.03	16.72	1647.36	0.51	34330.68204	31274.06
12-05-2036 00:30	0	0	0	0	0	1414.83	16.83	1646.37	0.34	33229.88397	30151.51
12-05-2036 01:00	0	0	0	0	0	1401.4465	16.074	1626.24	0.2695	32995.085	29951.06
12-05-2036 01:30	0	0	0	0	0	1344.802	15.7455	1535.82	0.294	32652.415	29755.75
12-05-2036 02:00	0	0	0	0	0	1310.2103	14.517	1449.69	0.343	31864.74404	29089.98
12-05-2036 02:30	0	0	0	0	0	1262.047	13.788	1390.95	0.4165	31359.63393	28692.43
12-05-2036 03:00	0	0	0	0	0	1235.076	13.5135	1333.86	0.686	31285.523	28702.39
12-05-2036 03:30	0	0	0	0	0	1130.213	10.629	1305.81	1.0045	30783.83603	28336.18
12-05-2036 04:00	0	0	0	0	0	1078.479	9.6615	1307.13	1.225	31030.148	28633.65
12-05-2036 04:30	0	0	0	0	0	1041.0193	7.614	1303.5	1.2985	31614.17203	29260.74
12-05-2036 05:00	0	0	0	0.2618	0	994.5883	6.4215	1276.44	2.842	33024.19596	30743.64
12-05-2036 05:30	4.7363	0.7566	0.09	31.9429	0.3458	917.2892	4.635	1200.21	5.341	32929.99197	30764.65
12-05-2036 06:00	25.1457	8.2892	6.954	87.6684	8.0859	812.2798	3.7845	1064.25	7.1785	32774.789	30751.15
12-05-2036 06:30	87.5669	56.9694	22.9662	184.3825	54.9621	700.7197	2.3085	845.46	8.771	32703.447	30739.34
12-05-2036 07:00	224.4008	194.9692	71.0566	367.1398	170.6378	588.2068	6.8535	661.65	8.379	33638.104	31344.81
12-05-2036 07:30	444.3869	416.0675	152.1934	691.5996	274.642	548.2462	6.7995	557.04	6.027	36244.64501	33147.64
12-05-2036 08:00	703.9109	660.7418	249.188	1139.0862	360.0827	562.9788	8.361	497.97	6.0025	39621.185	35432.86
12-05-2036 08:30	919.0434	895.4788	343.0552	1543.5321	474.8895	501.5318	9.7605	423.72	7.595	40767.61096	35649.00
12-05-2036 09:00	1180.5795	1131.1689	418.3112	2030.1585	591.3088	428.7627	9.414	361.35	11.368	41739.038	35576.62
12-05-2036 09:30	1378.0237	1331.6609	473.3738	2350.0466	601.99	370.6165	7.9515	329.34	19.5755	42514.53305	35651.95
12-05-2036 10:00	1553.4326	1493.5216	548.983	2526.7894	640.8967	363.7523	6.6555	252.45	25.6515	43630.028	36217.90
12-05-2036 10:30	1675.6716	1623.3704	552.4628	2731.572	665.1542	303.7681	4.9725	236.94	29.743	43963.38705	36139.73
12-05-2036 11:00	1824.2372	1755.8572	618.0796	3014.3408	688.2193	243.2229	4.59	177.21	28.4935	43637.74495	35283.49
12-05-2036 11:30	1894.0585	1712.0451	707.7992	3138.9933	751.8694	226.5546	2.142	152.46	27.7095	41172.966	32559.33
12-05-2036 12:00	2036.6593	1620.3077	681.7776	3316.5025	784.9911	225.4539	1.8675	150.48	22.1235	40274.18796	31434.02
12-05-2036 12:30	2081.2874	1576.597	709.9082	3390.4548	850.654	265.2492	1.9125	149.16	21.854	42207.88001	33160.80
12-05-2036 13:00	2043.5974	1529.8701	718.4592	3435.5105	833.0498	320.7381	1.2645	139.26	23.863	44748.571	35702.96
12-05-2036 13:30	1943.3988	1484.9744	679.5264	3350.831	810.0662	356.7459	0.909	190.74	23.7405	45268.057	36427.12
12-05-2036 14:00	1700.871	1298.2428	641.362	2897.6862	608.1298	360.7661	1.818	149.49	22.148	45442.54304	37762.03
12-05-2036 14:30	1456.7527	1205.075	430.1728	2602.5307	540.4057	371.7338	1.7775	163.02	22.54	45104.512	38310.50
12-05-2036 15:00	1257.6037	1270.9851	310.09	2208.3988	445.3633	470.2414	1.512	264.66	23.716	44604.48004	38351.91
12-05-2036 15:30	1079.7945	1127.9177	248.9374	1886.9251	406.7877	498.0941	1.3995	246.84	32.193	43889.719	38360.83
12-05-2036 16:00	992.9883	859.1774	137.4038	1548.0388	335.274	541.114	1.4715	298.98	30.723	43187.957	38442.79
12-05-2036 16:30	743.1523	709.1371	112.2624	1066.4311	237.7867	569.3727	2.2185	357.39	40.1555	41104.731	37266.82
12-05-2036 17:00	461.8539	507.6768	86.8384	655.3564	166.5569	585.8532	3.7485	364.65	40.4985	40595.50504	37722.47
12-05-2036 17:30	222.0656	235.4552	68.405	279.5313	99.284	569.3398	5.706	764.28	36.1865	41320.21996	39039.97
12-05-2036 18:00	68.5288	63.8054	26.849	23.0406	54.6915	641.2973	37.9125	882.09	26.0435	43094.936	41270.68
12-05-2036 18:30	17.1546	2.3531	0.02	2.8798	31.7904	894.451	5.3775	852.72	10.9025	45754.31105	43936.66
12-05-2036 19:00	0.1012	0	0	0	0	1159.0105	19.728	841.5	5.2185	46204.68596	44179.13
12-05-2036 19:30	0	0	0	0	0	1241.9264	28.4895	1106.16	3.4055	45827.98295	43448.00
12-05-2036 20:00	0	0	0	0	0	1312.2298	22.797	1259.94	2.1315	45956.279	43359.18
12-05-2036 20:30	0	0	0	0	0	1138.2029	13.7295	1417.02	1.8865	45350.17305	42779.33
12-05-2036 21:00	0	0	0	0	0	1120.5883	9.666	1468.5	1.9355	44327.067	41726.38
12-05-2036 21:30	0	0	0	0	0	1090.1679	11.6145	1538.79	1.4455	43253.17599	40611.16
12-05-2036 22:00	0	0	0	0	0	1037.7296	29.9745	1710.06	1.4455	43422.286	40643.08
12-05-2036 22:30	0	0	0	0	0	1062.8163	21.591	1513.05	0.294	42052.55	39454.80
12-05-2036 23:00	0	0	0	0	0	1049.9318	16.677	1348.71	0.1225	40973.81504	38558.37
12-05-2036 23:30	0	0	0	0	0	1087.8119	16.6995	1214.07	0.049	39447.749	37129.12
13-05-2036 00:00	0	0	0	0	0	1078.7196	14.607	1228.92	0	38005.75	35683.50
13-05-2036 00:30	0	0	0	0	0	1114.2241	10.0305	1175.79	0.049	37504.133	35204.04
13-05-2036 01:00	0	0	0	0	0	1083.4361	9.1395	1137.51	0.0245	36791.516	34561.41
13-05-2036 01:30	0	0	0	0	0	1032.2886	9.873	1195.59	0.1225	36245.705	34007.83
13-05-2036 02:00	0	0	0	0	0	1000.1096	9.7065	1189.32	0.196	35510.895	33311.56
13-05-2036 02:30	0	0	0	0	0	935.4348	10.1385	1191.63	0.294	34847.50001	32710.00
13-05-2036 03:00	0	0	0	0	0	879.3532	9.027	1188	0.882	34333.105	32255.84
13-05-2036 03:30	0	0	0	0	0	831.397	7.956	1262.25	0.7105	34092.67794	31990.36
13-05-2036 04:00	0	0	0	0	0	811.0375	5.4225	1192.29	0.1715	34139.25	32130.33
13-05-2036 04:30	0	0	0	0	0	784.4356	4.8825	1161.6	0.196	34116.431	32165.32
13-05-2036 05:00	0	0	0	1.0472	0	756.9807	4.095	1101.54	0.0735	34756.61097	32892.87
13-05-2036 05:30	6.6163	4.6962	2.9812	9.1869	0	734.8574	2.79	1083.39	0.1225	34615.87896	32771.24
13-05-2036 06:00	28.9144	20.398	9.6344	104.164	8.3188	733.3909	2.817	1004.19	0.098	33363.14603	31451.22
13-05-2036 06:30	107.6183	94.824	18.2552	284.6717	40.5265	683.7125	2.799	839.19	0.098	32707.13803	30635.44
13-05-2036 07:00	289.7548	264.1973	71.6724	624.1912	137.5331	542.3291	1.926	758.01	0.098	32772.131	30082.42
13-05-2036 07:30	526.7732	468.1539	150.952	1123.5524	299.7925	503.0131	3.87	782.76	0.1225	33591.012	29732.02
13-05-2036 08:00	737.098	665.8545	210.7448	1645.8086	550.6257	422.4621	4.3605	827.31	0.098	35611.893	30547.53
13-05-2036 08:30	971.8754	838.9058	281.3574	2124.5082	749.9025	364.1654	2.2635	781.11	0.098	36532.665	30418.48
13-05-2036 09:00	1243.0876	1040.1127	365.4566	2659.0844	894.1031	368.1053	2.025	637.56	0.2695	37444.438	30234.63
13-05-2036 09:30	1378.6129	1088.5478	499.5094	3030.6229	1108.1553	354.1997	1.2645	606.87	0.294	38180.024	30111.95
13-05-2036 10:00	1616.2503	1096.8141	552.3758	3235.4118	1332.3449	316.589	2.583	561	0.294	38708.611	29994.95
13-05-2036 10:30	1811.1728	848.4804	508.2724	3508.311	1455.428	303.164	2.52	521.4	0.3185	39006.70004	30047.63
13-05-2036 11:00	1905.0969	586.055	630.8194	3488.2381	1532.3414	303.26	2.043	523.05	0.49	38942.789	29971.40
13-05-2036 11:30	1990.0326	666.3737	708.4962	3474.2616	1496.0905	289.7141	1.818	509.19	0.637	37534.95396	28398.34
13-05-2036 12:00	1830.5096	1066.6292	743.9696	3491.18	1487.7302	285.3828	1.755	509.52	0.735	36853.11904	27435.71
13-05-2036 12:30	1774.6116	1371.9358	759.778	3588.7317	1633.6315	243.9221	1.1115	557.7	1.5435	38007.526	28074.56
13-05-2036 13:00	1710.0427	1361.6264	758.8952	3505.368	1557.7153	249.0472	1.0215	499.95	2.254	39563.93296	29918.01
13-05-2036 13:30	1684.31	1323.4552	671.3266	3236.8353	1537.856	257.9632	1.413	468.93	2.499	40037.66604	30853.08
13-05-2036 14:00	1673.6643	1500.096	343.926	3014.2451	1412.852	300.905	1.3455	493.68	5.0715	40051.4	31305.61
13-05-2036 14:30	1668.7554	1380.3361	195.8794	2754.3771	1305.9526	423.0694	1.602	607.86	4.6305	39656.873	31314.41
13-05-2036 15:00	1571.3677	1132.2857	265.3948	2408.67	1175.2627	468.3474	0.8775	538.56	5.1695	39301.34604	31735.41
13-05-2036 15:30	1371.0031	1019.7251	291.3834	1942.0459	1012.5755	550.5595	1.233	500.28	14.7245	39099.57492	32396.04
13-05-2036 16:00	1060.4366	946.8403	347.9912	1419.3235	854.7546	556.8015	1.008	451.11	21.8785	38738.80504	33078.66
13-05-2036 16:30	797.5711	825.8821	253.4388	1071.6058	637.2566	432.6543	0.2115	430.65	23.4465	37520.888	33048.17
13-05-2036 17:00	550.8852	573.6803	86.706	685.4991	422.4376	504.2962	23.526	476.19	24.7205	37098.97003	33751.03
13-05-2036 17:30	260.2673	280.4308	60.5314	310.6649	219.648	667.8249	26.4915	543.84	28.3465	37271.75104	34873.71
13-05-2036 18:00	72.3061	85.8749	29.8244	56.0601	65.7525	712.8963	0.5805	410.85	25.186	39126.531	37667.20
13-05-2036 18:30	16.0801	0.6766	0.01	10.4992	5.3958	719.9717	0	609.84	19.649	42087.106	40704.98
13-05-2036 19:00	0	0	0	0	0	704.4307	0	673.53	10.78	42580.681	41191.94
13-05-2036 19:30	0	0	0	0	0	558.5926	0.0585	781.11	5.4145	42306.71296	40961.54
13-05-2036 20:00	0	0	0	0	0	463.4479	0.1125	882.75	4.165	42370.74399	41020.27
13-05-2036 20:30	0	0	0	0	0	411.0614	0.1845	965.58	3.92	41875.314	40494.57
13-05-2036 21:00	0	0	0	0	0	455.1958	0.135	925.32	2.842	41413.884	40030.39
13-05-2036 21:30	0	0	0	0	0	507.5976	0.1485	920.37	2.0335	40543.27292	39113.12
13-05-2036 22:00	0	0	0	0	0	705.7458	0.1485	1046.43	0.9555	40404.66096	38651.38
13-05-2036 22:30	0	0	0	0	0	838.5478	0.1395	1242.45	0.392	39001.83	36920.30
13-05-2036 23:00	0	0	0	0	0	1041.8543	0.198	1406.46	1.7395	38110.99804	35660.75
13-05-2036 23:30	0	0	0	0	0	1045.1465	1.809	1528.56	1.715	36871.87399	34294.64
14-05-2036 00:00	0	0	0	0	0	1065.0463	2.547	1625.25	1.813	41048.68201	38354.03
14-05-2036 00:30	0	0	0	0	0	1047.4056	2.457	1763.52	1.8375	40567.88404	37752.66
14-05-2036 01:00	0	0	0	0	0	997.0003	5.013	1841.07	1.8865	39786.085	36941.12
14-05-2036 01:30	0	0	0	0	0	1070.4715	9.999	1895.85	1.666	38868.415	35890.43
14-05-2036 02:00	0	0	0	0	0	1062.6089	13.788	1877.04	0.735	38365.74404	35411.57
14-05-2036 02:30	0	0	0	0	0	1059.3171	14.13	1892.55	1.2985	37604.634	34637.34
14-05-2036 03:00	0	0	0	0	0	1057.6233	10.539	1850.97	0.686	37258.52303	34338.70
14-05-2036 03:30	0	0	0	0	0	960.0491	7.8795	1835.79	0.2695	36884.83597	34080.85
14-05-2036 04:00	0	0	0	0	0	955.3521	7.0425	1829.52	0.2695	36536.14796	33743.96
14-05-2036 04:30	0	0	0	0	0	885.3567	5.9085	1797.84	0.343	36842.172	34152.72
14-05-2036 05:00	0	0	0	0	0	826.8757	4.8015	1745.37	0.3185	37725.196	35147.83
14-05-2036 05:30	13.5375	14.3636	3.697	31.3009	3.429	736.8793	3.4245	1604.13	0.196	37862.992	35452.03
14-05-2036 06:00	47.7984	31.0153	22.581	125.7555	13.7803	711.6495	2.5335	1499.85	0.1225	36527.789	34072.70
14-05-2036 06:30	172.4341	97.0721	41.6846	312.4508	66.8264	568.4305	2.133	1341.78	0.1225	36401.447	33798.51
14-05-2036 07:00	436.2163	305.1966	104.044	688.3149	185.898	442.2949	1.2465	1137.51	0.0735	37264.104	33963.31
14-05-2036 07:30	740.0407	579.5863	180.2892	1234.5721	337.8957	396.6838	0.603	1086.69	0.049	39343.64497	34787.24
14-05-2036 08:00	923.79	737.6727	226.7554	1749.9336	528.0127	385.8122	0.1485	953.04	0	42887.18504	37382.02
14-05-2036 08:30	1173.8707	846.1989	248.8086	2146.0854	762.1994	356.911	0.144	874.83	0.0735	43951.611	37542.49
14-05-2036 09:00	1370.0822	985.6866	403.3436	2559.916	1002.4108	312.0579	0.1035	748.44	0.0735	44807.038	37424.92
14-05-2036 09:30	1816.2914	1576.9367	397.9434	3048.1066	1187.5179	270.1207	0.0405	647.13	0.049	45417.53304	36473.40
14-05-2036 10:00	2241.2009	2122.8964	541.2842	3415.6332	1277.2889	224.5298	0.117	577.83	0.049	46120.028	35719.20
14-05-2036 10:30	2389.4333	2373.9651	571.3674	3705.242	1412.6787	206.4488	0.144	511.17	0.049	46426.38695	35255.89
14-05-2036 11:00	2515.2324	2506.3638	613.906	3839.6105	1485.7562	205.5375	0.171	680.13	0.196	46442.74504	34595.84
14-05-2036 11:30	2739.3628	2631.3815	632.9768	3993.7764	1533.6952	220.1049	0.1665	544.83	0.5635	43787.96601	31491.11
14-05-2036 12:00	2816.5093	2686.4094	708.1232	3800.8927	1496.7903	218.8111	0.279	553.41	1.421	43063.18804	30780.54
14-05-2036 12:30	2751.6533	2617.8279	704.441	3593.0067	1494.6536	196.4816	1.4715	723.03	1.5435	44972.88005	32888.77
14-05-2036 13:00	2656.6126	2494.5017	759.556	3492.4502	1439.2826	256.2852	1.62	755.37	2.94	47735.57095	35876.95
14-05-2036 13:30	2550.7892	2435.5841	747.3988	3309.6146	1392.3252	308.149	1.071	499.62	4.508	48197.057	36948.00
14-05-2036 14:00	2370.7118	2245.2794	316.2464	2855.847	1396.3866	280.3032	2.259	473.22	5.439	48157.543	38211.85
14-05-2036 14:30	2180.9588	2098.7703	115.8492	2400.977	1316.0843	299.9023	2.061	554.73	9.261	47986.51195	39007.92
14-05-2036 15:00	1882.6954	1885.243	112.7294	2240.0958	1224.317	373.0149	1.8675	777.81	14.7	47760.48	39248.01
14-05-2036 15:30	1450.5025	1337.3437	114.3438	1897.5652	1057.169	442.2914	2.349	844.14	14.6265	46821.719	39661.39
14-05-2036 16:00	1161.4591	902.5447	365.3032	1515.063	866.9405	439.5261	2.169	923.67	16.4395	45665.95705	39472.84
14-05-2036 16:30	881.9881	678.3235	344.5908	1037.7482	640.0848	395.4072	1.9035	1341.12	19.698	43840.73104	38499.87
14-05-2036 17:00	603.5225	475.0701	229.6476	661.4995	430.6316	396.3801	1.719	1294.92	20.3105	42871.505	38757.80
14-05-2036 17:30	290.7348	233.7221	114.225	343.8061	239.9199	592.7776	0.6345	1200.87	20.3595	43390.22001	40353.17
14-05-2036 18:00	98.787	70.4781	31.6634	139.179	94.7458	770.633	0.09	990.99	18.424	44855.936	42640.95
14-05-2036 18:30	37.1692	2.3431	33.7108	91.7528	27.6465	973.2422	22.3245	842.82	13.2545	48299.31095	46255.05
14-05-2036 19:00	0	0	13.0424	0	0	884.9074	18.963	1202.85	7.693	49250.686	47123.23
14-05-2036 19:30	0	0	0	0	0	751.5264	7.227	1056	5.439	49121.983	47301.79
14-05-2036 20:00	0	0	0	0	0	689.2735	5.139	925.98	3.577	49656.279	48032.31
14-05-2036 20:30	0	0	0	0	0	672.6862	3.2355	796.62	3.3565	49190.17296	47714.27
14-05-2036 21:00	0	0	0	0	0	737.7085	0.4095	771.21	2.4255	48650.06704	47138.31
14-05-2036 21:30	0	0	0	0	0	834.6826	0.153	863.61	1.5435	47819.17595	46119.19
14-05-2036 22:00	0	0	0	0	0	872.6446	0.4095	927.3	0.882	48073.28605	46272.05
14-05-2036 22:30	0	0	0	0	0	920.1783	0.4995	937.2	1.1515	46674.55	44815.52
14-05-2036 23:00	0	0	0	0	0	1017.647	3.1005	1013.43	4.018	45618.815	43580.62
14-05-2036 23:30	0	0	0	0	0	1132.4505	5.445	1066.56	5.635	43938.74904	41728.66
15-05-2036 00:00	0	0	0	0	0	1171.2872	4.5495	1273.8	10.192	42517.68205	40057.85
15-05-2036 00:30	0	0	0	0	0	1275.5937	2.016	1481.37	8.7955	41733.884	38966.11
15-05-2036 01:00	0	0	0	0	0	1298.7464	1.971	1587.63	9.3345	41106.08496	38208.40
15-05-2036 01:30	0	0	0	0	0	1307.1899	0.855	1643.73	13.5975	40373.41496	37408.04
15-05-2036 02:00	0	0	0	0	0	1313.0769	0.657	1697.19	17.3705	39376.744	36348.45
15-05-2036 02:30	0	0	0	0	0	1295.4544	0.396	1783.65	21.609	39098.634	35997.52
15-05-2036 03:00	0	0	0	0	0	1291.5335	0.1575	1847.01	21.3885	38565.523	35405.43
15-05-2036 03:30	0	0	0	0	0	1269.0218	1.377	1812.03	21.3885	37981.83596	34878.02
15-05-2036 04:00	0	0	0	0	0	1245.029	2.8935	1800.81	20.9475	37890.14797	34820.47
15-05-2036 04:30	0	0	0	0	0	1207.5953	3.9645	1815	24.7205	38027.172	34975.89
15-05-2036 05:00	0	0	0	0.5236	0	1183.2031	6.516	1816.65	28.959	39126.196	36090.34
15-05-2036 05:30	9.1925	3.7113	1.5682	68.5559	0	1155.0563	7.857	1823.58	32.3155	38495.99204	35394.16
15-05-2036 06:00	51.1161	33.7617	14.8546	170.5788	0.0364	1109.0609	8.676	1772.1	31.556	37430.789	34239.05
15-05-2036 06:30	193.1674	161.0092	46.0554	363.7191	92.9685	981.5395	7.506	1575.09	27.244	36680.447	33232.15
15-05-2036 07:00	433.6612	397.311	113.7836	665.0037	283.4763	871.1645	4.1085	1327.26	20.1635	37746.104	33630.17
15-05-2036 07:30	745.5885	708.9154	211.001	1133.2063	493.4563	804.4919	4.2345	1207.14	9.751	39716.64496	34398.86
15-05-2036 08:00	1103.117	1048.182	301.3146	1758.348	696.076	778.1427	2.8575	1258.29	3.822	43430.18504	36480.04
15-05-2036 08:30	1409.3786	1399.3591	387.1132	2216.5228	897.0855	623.3035	1.404	1299.87	3.1115	44367.611	36130.46
15-05-2036 09:00	1686.9383	1700.0479	461.9942	2639.9065	1093.6702	528.7346	1.0035	1134.87	3.626	45221.03795	35970.25
15-05-2036 09:30	1918.4846	1987.5395	410.8694	3108.9533	1260.6123	461.9488	1.6785	1017.39	5.586	45946.533	35773.47
15-05-2036 10:00	2162.4076	2208.6311	564.7798	3499.7848	1339.4531	478.1715	4.113	1012.11	7.497	46632.028	35355.08
15-05-2036 10:30	2412.7384	2373.2951	522.3358	3945.877	1433.9876	414.1353	4.2165	1042.47	8.33	47038.387	34881.00
15-05-2036 11:00	2550.3684	2530.7163	359.077	4178.1972	1558.7269	353.3295	3.1545	980.76	10.3635	46826.74495	34302.05
15-05-2036 11:30	2655.6835	2698.5279	418.6912	4147.7907	1588.5316	313.786	2.718	865.92	11.8825	44153.966	31450.43
15-05-2036 12:00	2707.1592	2718.8312	622.9634	4103.7028	1593.6249	318.1638	3.9825	777.15	14.014	43167.188	30307.60
15-05-2036 12:30	2714.5636	2713.2568	677.8428	4309.9452	1516.3332	306.5428	4.509	759.66	18.277	45239.88005	32218.95
15-05-2036 13:00	2702.8576	2674.2289	502.5474	4535.6825	1320.4127	322.6248	3.1635	714.78	14.994	48217.57095	35426.28
15-05-2036 13:30	2600.5352	2586.9058	369.6016	4525.7212	1157.4454	283.5833	2.8035	652.74	12.299	48577.057	36385.42
15-05-2036 14:00	2456.8104	2416.2576	468.8958	4243.7208	1073.4135	284.0575	2.601	618.09	12.544	48417.54304	36841.15
15-05-2036 14:30	2166.673	2158.6912	419.5124	3588.8344	1029.8522	339.2072	3.195	630.63	13.279	47602.51195	37252.64
15-05-2036 15:00	1809.8076	1866.4382	334.5006	3120.7164	940.4163	339.0133	3.8385	626.67	13.9405	47565.47996	38510.14
15-05-2036 15:30	1447.9742	1446.6329	407.9078	2676.0967	835.1345	384.2837	2.5425	582.78	11.9315	46423.71896	38628.44
15-05-2036 16:00	1130.0317	1118.4252	351.1646	2214.5339	679.0181	409.315	2.565	586.08	17.836	45512.957	39003.99
15-05-2036 16:30	913.3481	844.4669	247.5516	1655.0021	473.4125	448.5836	3.141	573.21	27.734	43488.73101	38302.28
15-05-2036 17:00	639.911	540.4769	202.5004	1050.6154	328.2413	486.2792	3.969	584.1	23.5935	42559.505	38699.82
15-05-2036 17:30	332.8322	303.8968	125.1168	482.0324	170.2639	684.3282	3.969	647.46	21.6335	43319.22004	40547.69
15-05-2036 18:00	103.9085	116.5002	39.1634	155.6422	48.0761	657.7434	3.3075	731.61	22.638	45367.93604	43489.35
15-05-2036 18:30	11.4484	2.0265	0.36	43.0929	13.8275	636.3314	3.6405	902.55	21.1925	48288.311	46653.84
15-05-2036 19:00	2.21	0	0	0	0	639.1166	2.619	1102.53	12.887	49158.686	47399.32
15-05-2036 19:30	0	0	0	0	0	707.8092	4.23	1129.26	9.9715	48757.98296	46906.71
15-05-2036 20:00	0	0	0	0	0	836.7484	9.729	1240.14	9.212	49204.279	47108.45
15-05-2036 20:30	0	0	0	0	0	835.2033	21.5505	1236.18	6.37	48607.17304	46507.87
15-05-2036 21:00	0	0	0	0	0	1011.2159	29.052	1331.88	3.7975	47626.06705	45250.12
15-05-2036 21:30	0	0	0	0	0	994.8998	28.305	1536.81	1.862	46764.17604	44202.30
15-05-2036 22:00	0	0	0	0	0	1156.4769	26.6085	1549.68	2.058	47089.28605	44354.46
15-05-2036 22:30	0	0	0	0	0	1178.0454	21.7035	1538.46	2.4255	45594.54995	42853.92
15-05-2036 23:00	0	0	0	0	0	1276.8627	23.724	1652.97	2.401	44346.81496	41390.86
15-05-2036 23:30	0	0	0	0	0	1343.1315	31.977	1684.98	5.194	42604.749	39539.47
16-05-2036 00:00	0	0	0	0	0	1440.3471	39.8745	1883.31	6.2965	41215.682	37845.85
16-05-2036 00:30	0	0	0	0	0	1448.3951	31.293	2081.31	6.1985	40506.88396	36939.69
16-05-2036 01:00	0	0	0	0	0	1450.2815	29.349	2189.22	6.909	40200.08504	36524.33
16-05-2036 01:30	0	0	0	0	0	1456.8863	27.306	2277.33	7.791	39355.415	35586.10
16-05-2036 02:00	0	0	0	0	0	1442.7481	25.3935	2311.32	8.624	38736.744	34948.66
16-05-2036 02:30	0	0	0	0	0	1467.9251	20.9565	2297.13	10.143	38050.634	34254.48
16-05-2036 03:00	0	0	0	0	0	1458.1009	16.1415	2322.21	11.6375	37558.523	33750.43
16-05-2036 03:30	0	0	0	0	0	1447.3607	8.937	2309.34	17.1745	37175.83596	33393.02
16-05-2036 04:00	0	0	0	0	0	1385.3669	4.86	2294.49	21.7805	37030.148	33323.65
16-05-2036 04:30	0	0	0	0	0	1301.0744	3.717	2197.8	24.059	37295.172	33768.52
16-05-2036 05:00	0	0	0	0.2618	0	1291.3667	3.15	2109.69	22.197	38305.19597	34878.53
16-05-2036 05:30	10.2836	0.025	0.025	73.1032	1.5701	1289.5797	2.4255	2105.4	19.796	38180.99196	34678.78
16-05-2036 06:00	53.0142	20.748	19.79	214.7362	16.298	1234.6731	1.962	1996.5	15.7535	36991.789	33418.31
16-05-2036 06:30	193.1869	129.6323	53.577	451.7287	81.3081	1055.4303	1.8315	1775.07	14.504	36282.447	32526.18
16-05-2036 07:00	457.3453	372.0385	124.171	907.3627	254.1371	804.5982	1.6965	1434.84	13.328	37072.10404	32702.59
16-05-2036 07:30	800.6334	704.5125	218.6422	1492.4402	407.5763	669.8461	3.5505	1199.22	9.065	38776.645	33271.16
16-05-2036 08:00	1160.9495	1048.9653	317.5678	2078.352	518.9259	596.3005	3.105	1127.61	6.0515	42497.185	35639.36
16-05-2036 08:30	1507.6507	1394.278	416.5438	2637.1745	814.9985	499.1075	2.2995	994.62	5.7575	43597.611	35325.18
16-05-2036 09:00	1819.6456	1704.0659	511.0408	3148.2211	1060.4406	467.8888	1.719	858.99	6.86	44573.038	34994.17
16-05-2036 09:30	2106.7979	1974.0277	601.3758	3606.497	1224.12	430.7814	1.9395	692.67	8.869	45284.533	34637.45
16-05-2036 10:00	2329.0208	2181.0574	678.825	3997.2653	1396.6929	403.7886	2.619	581.13	7.203	46048.02795	34470.43
16-05-2036 10:30	2491.7752	2384.4224	746.3748	4327.7174	1528.8737	362.0471	1.98	513.81	9.0405	46456.387	34090.35
16-05-2036 11:00	2569.3345	2433.3894	774.479	4419.1043	1464.7697	332.4014	1.368	466.62	9.261	46013.74505	33543.02
16-05-2036 11:30	2682.7259	2398.2627	820.1394	4479.5279	1541.7478	325.9131	1.6605	390.39	10.633	43537.966	30886.97
16-05-2036 12:00	2688.5406	2533.6677	821.9388	4510.1291	1478.2967	328.7489	2.0295	348.48	12.593	42552.18796	29827.76
16-05-2036 12:30	2660.8153	2575.9602	826.3768	4470.7734	1602.6916	348.58	2.0565	341.55	13.083	44479.88	31637.99
16-05-2036 13:00	2557.4213	2488.962	816.2304	4384.2934	1476.7071	343.6045	1.53	345.84	14.8225	47102.571	34673.16
16-05-2036 13:30	2404.7452	2389.6983	782.7312	4158.7418	1313.9966	390.1378	1.6155	301.29	18.5465	47523.05705	35761.55
16-05-2036 14:00	2133.958	2162.259	749.9002	3841.9492	1267.2473	509.8713	1.647	257.4	18.4975	47498.54301	36555.81
16-05-2036 14:30	1556.8002	1843.4571	453.8978	3436.1083	1266.0406	489.3843	1.4715	281.49	17.4195	47138.51205	37792.44
16-05-2036 15:00	1247.7354	1539.4318	501.5828	2716.39	1040.7218	577.6265	1.683	301.62	16.317	46824.47995	38881.37
16-05-2036 15:30	969.1183	1066.3748	484.1968	2089.2256	911.3352	712.5556	1.1835	299.64	14.4305	46129.719	39581.66
16-05-2036 16:00	742.5753	700.6492	428.8362	1484.5021	731.163	706.2014	0.801	263.01	13.0095	44982.95696	39912.21
16-05-2036 16:30	499.7612	527.4014	226.0328	880.222	546.8956	720.0351	1.7955	300.96	15.533	42808.73104	39090.09
16-05-2036 17:00	297.1405	192.5728	159.1962	535.0149	368.7921	735.9914	2.817	375.54	22.4665	42044.505	39354.97
16-05-2036 17:30	157.4004	50.4984	132.2604	268.6574	169.5176	644.0777	5.2965	466.95	23.0055	42474.22	40556.56
16-05-2036 18:00	63.5471	44.3023	43.2896	143.2203	62.8793	830.9858	2.655	704.55	20.58	44308.936	42392.93
16-05-2036 18:30	37.1958	24.5776	14.0032	108.8462	53.6287	1137.3975	23.4585	843.48	17.8115	47106.31104	44845.91
16-05-2036 19:00	0.8602	0	7.3304	0	0	1394.0366	36.9225	1054.02	9.6285	47777.68595	45274.89
16-05-2036 19:30	0	0	0	0	0	1519.808	29.2005	1431.21	7.3745	47444.983	44457.39
16-05-2036 20:00	0	0	0	0	0	1548.9428	23.94	1725.9	6.4435	48019.279	44714.05
16-05-2036 20:30	0	0	0	0	0	1497.1912	43.6635	1926.21	5.439	47611.17296	44138.67
16-05-2036 21:00	0	0	0	0	0	1287.0285	36.0405	1960.53	3.92	47196.06705	43908.55
16-05-2036 21:30	0	0	0	0	0	1260.2081	29.862	1710.72	3.1605	46272.17595	43268.23
16-05-2036 22:00	0	0	0	0	0	1425.3578	16.1235	1938.42	3.1605	46834.28604	43451.22
16-05-2036 22:30	0	0	0	0	0	1474.031	7.9335	2005.08	4.312	45582.55	42091.19
16-05-2036 23:00	0	0	0	0	0	1502.6371	5.643	2138.4	6.958	44233.815	40580.18
16-05-2036 23:30	0	0	0	0	0	1542.9837	7.533	2402.4	8.281	42459.749	38498.55
17-05-2036 00:00	0	0	0	0	0	1544.5589	5.7915	2360.49	8.624	41957.75	38038.29
17-05-2036 00:30	0	0	0	0	0	1535.692	15.147	2203.41	8.379	41436.13296	37673.50
17-05-2036 01:00	0	0	0	0	0	1491.9818	20.043	2129.16	9.653	40911.516	37260.68
17-05-2036 01:30	0	0	0	0	0	1463.0101	23.463	2066.46	11.5395	40250.70504	36686.23
17-05-2036 02:00	0	0	0	0	0	1426.6742	17.3295	2098.47	14.0385	39548.89492	35992.38
17-05-2036 02:30	0	0	0	0	0	1371.2377	16.281	2084.61	11.515	38899.49996	35415.86
17-05-2036 03:00	0	0	0	0	0	1338.3857	14.2785	2124.21	9.849	38300.10503	34813.38
17-05-2036 03:30	0	0	0	0	0	1251.712	14.4945	2040.39	11.2455	38120.678	34802.84
17-05-2036 04:00	0	0	0	0	0	1177.8756	12.8925	1910.04	10.4125	37579.25	34468.03
17-05-2036 04:30	0	0	0	0	0	1163.9721	13.041	1757.91	11.6865	37821.431	34874.82
17-05-2036 05:00	0	0	0	0	0	1096.1498	9.3465	1728.87	10.927	38149.611	35304.32
17-05-2036 05:30	13.1418	5.4178	24.361	29.8996	0.0364	1002.7462	7.596	1707.09	11.907	37911.87904	35109.68
17-05-2036 06:00	34.352	23.5877	52.0932	129.8759	34.5896	944.1363	6.831	1546.05	8.3055	36680.146	33900.32
17-05-2036 06:30	112.6527	104.1498	49.9504	310.8105	84.4058	916.2872	4.707	1333.86	5.7085	36002.13804	33079.61
17-05-2036 07:00	293.2823	298.764	121.3184	592.4535	208.2376	786.8743	1.7505	1172.16	3.0135	36135.13104	32657.28
17-05-2036 07:30	537.0115	560.3466	214.7958	1000.4223	368.2874	720.3306	3.7935	1155.33	0.2695	37461.01196	32900.42
17-05-2036 08:00	798.9491	827.287	329.5278	1540.2746	594.3666	629.3052	5.418	1085.37	0.2695	39956.893	34146.13
17-05-2036 08:30	1105.7703	1071.2247	431.498	2146.8002	756.6355	601.6877	2.556	888.36	0.245	41446.665	34441.89
17-05-2036 09:00	1335.2505	1353.4719	475.1858	2682.0835	787.814	476.8834	2.637	839.85	0.098	41845.43805	33892.16
17-05-2036 09:30	1573.8881	1681.1779	486.5404	3055.8793	838.6225	406.8667	2.2815	685.08	0.049	42719.02404	33988.64
17-05-2036 10:00	1861.5637	1970.7144	305.751	3410.3659	901.4774	397.0173	2.979	566.61	0.049	43448.611	34032.08
17-05-2036 10:30	2116.4107	2117.7952	182.9924	3640.3964	789.7719	364.8399	4.8555	512.82	0.1225	43626.69995	33896.70
17-05-2036 11:00	2231.1578	2122.4099	519.045	3824.099	1011.6256	326.5427	3.852	448.14	0.5635	43569.78896	33082.35
17-05-2036 11:30	2326.4793	2278.4661	689.8108	3810.3351	1150.9961	324.5733	2.9205	413.16	1.6905	41601.95396	30603.52
17-05-2036 12:00	2370.6079	2332.9056	796.1654	3505.7133	1089.297	312.5989	2.439	385.11	4.9735	40464.119	29664.31
17-05-2036 12:30	2379.7601	2255.1601	822.3542	3363.4633	705.8211	267.7857	1.7235	342.87	6.958	41948.52604	31802.63
17-05-2036 13:00	2324.2906	2237.327	819.2352	3315.7503	523.6744	324.5443	1.9575	296.67	8.3055	44035.933	34184.18
17-05-2036 13:30	2206.9317	2145.1261	809.0764	3099.5845	625.887	386.1296	1.6695	307.56	13.083	44149.666	34554.62
17-05-2036 14:00	1959.287	2005.228	786.9338	2641.7432	589.5426	386.0471	1.6065	294.36	20.8005	43975.4	35289.85
17-05-2036 14:30	1679.5818	1790.8684	718.577	2085.9546	426.5756	419.3641	0.963	411.51	32.046	43767.87295	36202.43
17-05-2036 15:00	1407.0975	1576.063	644.541	1626.8026	410.4904	442.0332	0.2295	479.82	27.881	43949.34604	37334.39
17-05-2036 15:30	1106.0194	1165.6969	545.6482	1248.0554	345.3032	502.3369	0.7155	372.9	33.1975	43553.57495	38233.70
17-05-2036 16:00	807.3962	931.9567	386.995	980.4337	237.3385	403.297	1.7865	358.05	56.4235	42642.80496	38479.13
17-05-2036 16:30	559.1498	751.0977	279.5882	638.9319	175.0745	407.4303	1.1745	363	36.848	40649.888	37437.59
17-05-2036 17:00	361.56	500.1641	145.7296	408.6737	155.906	318.6414	1.2015	359.04	50.2495	39807.96997	37506.80
17-05-2036 17:30	189.7002	192.0145	95.4728	260.5122	99.1009	330.6112	0.5265	414.81	65.513	40144.751	38496.49
17-05-2036 18:00	65.1108	39.4078	40.3482	118.6391	61.5544	450.8689	0.972	505.89	41.307	41714.53096	40390.43
17-05-2036 18:30	13.4253	33.3217	0.325	112.1853	58.7504	669.9872	0.8955	516.12	36.946	44185.106	42743.15
17-05-2036 19:00	0	0	0	0	0	816.6548	1.0485	647.79	13.4505	44569.681	43090.74
17-05-2036 19:30	0	0	0	0	0	954.379	10.2735	990	5.1205	44594.71304	42634.94
17-05-2036 20:00	0	0	0	0	0	1059.9521	9.396	958.65	3.283	44991.744	42960.46
17-05-2036 20:30	0	0	0	0	0	1076.5859	13.9185	1159.62	1.2495	44930.31404	42678.94
17-05-2036 21:00	0	0	0	0	0	1028.5219	9.6075	1302.51	1.9845	44325.88404	41983.26
17-05-2036 21:30	0	0	0	0	0	964.5506	26.181	1320.66	4.0425	43926.27299	41610.84
17-05-2036 22:00	0	0	0	0	0	1023.6477	27.1125	1323.3	6.3455	43029.66092	40649.26
17-05-2036 22:30	0	0	0	0	0	1014.9692	23.346	1341.78	7.105	41818.83004	39431.63
17-05-2036 23:00	0	0	0	0	0	1147.7049	15.399	1396.56	6.7375	40306.99804	37740.60
17-05-2036 23:30	0	0	0	0	0	1280.6036	19.062	1414.05	8.2075	39150.87408	36428.95
18-05-2036 00:00	0	0	0	0	0	1277.4178	14.2965	1379.07	8.5505	37999.74996	35320.42
18-05-2036 00:30	0	0	0	0	0	1297.6598	10.116	1384.35	9.359	37633.13304	34931.65
18-05-2036 01:00	0	0	0	0	0	1250.6776	11.8035	1424.61	10.0695	37162.51604	34465.36
18-05-2036 01:30	0	0	0	0	0	1346.9979	14.004	1440.45	12.74	36038.705	33224.51
18-05-2036 02:00	0	0	0	0	0	1367.1054	14.4855	1449.03	12.6665	35679.895	32836.61
18-05-2036 02:30	0	0	0	0	0	1419.2364	15.921	1509.09	11.809	34799.5	31843.44
18-05-2036 03:00	0	0	0	0	0	1455.5395	18.5895	1608.09	11.6865	34473.105	31379.20
18-05-2036 03:30	0	0	0	0	0	1429.5857	20.6955	1773.75	11.7845	34064.67797	30828.86
18-05-2036 04:00	0	0	0	0	0	1372.9969	18.1845	1778.37	9.31	33876.25	30697.39
18-05-2036 04:30	0	0	0	0	0	1401.8266	13.3785	1699.83	7.105	33699.43097	30577.29
18-05-2036 05:00	0	0	0	0.2618	0	1391.3473	11.9745	1759.23	6.1005	34429.61101	31260.70
18-05-2036 05:30	9.9508	12.0938	1.9038	19.2787	0	1350.0294	9.6525	1773.42	9.506	34095.87896	30910.04
18-05-2036 06:00	20.9655	24.9242	29.1056	71.4835	3.8294	1291.7315	8.406	1655.28	12.936	32797.14596	29678.48
18-05-2036 06:30	65.1411	32.8251	48.8566	177.6312	74.9221	1160.4189	9.252	1352.67	8.967	32090.138	29159.45
18-05-2036 07:00	148.975	56.4428	115.6406	284.6294	204.4155	943.0515	11.5695	1126.62	5.145	31883.131	28986.64
18-05-2036 07:30	259.4479	117.1285	203.7736	433.1931	358.9821	882.901	11.2005	982.41	3.1115	32028.01197	28775.86
18-05-2036 08:00	394.012	225.5428	288.3082	661.4204	536.2073	751.0008	8.703	811.14	2.891	33438.89303	29759.67
18-05-2036 08:30	585.3959	345.1977	381.3194	833.1225	725.0649	665.4983	6.993	625.68	4.6795	34270.66503	30097.71
18-05-2036 09:00	798.0665	538.5736	477.1056	1094.9863	830.5211	500.3772	5.526	510.18	2.8665	34676.438	29918.24
18-05-2036 09:30	975.8824	754.7021	564.2212	1428.7031	931.5546	401.4079	4.3875	454.08	1.6415	35229.02407	29712.44
18-05-2036 10:00	1054.0868	920.421	639.2138	1661.1714	1155.3855	346.7449	3.1725	367.62	1.519	35638.611	29489.28
18-05-2036 10:30	1168.0851	1197.0755	710.2976	1912.9508	1433.1608	336.2261	2.178	307.23	1.5925	35762.70003	28693.90
18-05-2036 11:00	1322.0551	1469.9801	748.2626	2213.4324	1548.5972	529.3903	1.3365	334.29	1.5435	35867.789	27698.90
18-05-2036 11:30	1427.7474	1471.8999	765.6042	2415.5541	1612.1401	674.9863	1.5255	274.89	1.47	35534.95396	26889.14
18-05-2036 12:00	1478.5725	725.0328	785.8444	2823.9413	1645.5642	903.4813	1.35	338.25	1.813	35388.11903	26684.27
18-05-2036 12:30	1436.4017	433.5518	734.9256	2850.407	1653.9562	940.1804	2.061	736.89	2.9155	35581.52593	26790.24
18-05-2036 13:00	1247.3236	425.7154	597.618	2504.39	1625.2087	1192.074	1.5435	865.26	3.5525	36695.93304	28233.25
18-05-2036 13:30	1076.6013	393.2547	513.9952	2310.5813	1549.1825	1109.4828	0.153	1201.53	7.938	36697.66597	28534.95
18-05-2036 14:00	1046.6887	308.9646	591.2366	2496.4596	1339.7786	1048.5181	0.5715	1275.45	24.5735	36474.4	28342.16
18-05-2036 14:30	873.2798	255.8082	306.3792	2245.7359	1142.0105	755.7605	24.111	1491.6	25.2105	36681.87304	29561.98
18-05-2036 15:00	688.5504	228.5842	470.3248	1941.5539	794.5812	427.4203	44.1	1138.17	50.3965	36662.34604	30878.66
18-05-2036 15:30	631.743	202.6634	523.618	1737.2551	674.5876	504.521	42.651	966.24	43.3895	36397.575	31070.91
18-05-2036 16:00	580.0166	210.171	411.7426	1298.6947	584.6722	433.6744	32.742	516.12	30.282	36170.805	32072.69
18-05-2036 16:30	447.2155	219.6501	278.657	869.9003	366.6112	426.3108	27.4815	361.02	32.2665	35438.88804	32409.78
18-05-2036 17:00	347.7259	208.5045	168.0306	561.1787	231.9953	410.0572	6.93	324.72	25.921	35117.97	32832.91
18-05-2036 17:30	197.1116	136.6732	74.6576	291.0027	132.3425	354.8648	6.4755	309.54	19.6245	35692.75103	34170.46
18-05-2036 18:00	68.0365	54.158	12.1588	76.9574	53.0413	350.5667	4.374	278.85	12.446	37897.53104	36986.94
18-05-2036 18:30	24.1507	3.8313	0.9266	65.8618	34.5203	488.5001	0.81	272.58	7.3745	40842.106	39943.55
18-05-2036 19:00	0	0	0.2856	0	0	671.8993	0.0225	374.88	11.76	41436.681	40377.83
18-05-2036 19:30	0	0	0	0	0	653.0577	0.072	408.54	12.9605	41980.71301	40906.08
18-05-2036 20:00	0	0	0	0	0	762.935	1.5165	960.63	18.473	42130.744	40387.19
18-05-2036 20:30	0	0	0	0	0	759.3561	0.216	1030.26	20.6535	41735.314	39924.83
18-05-2036 21:00	0	0	0	0	0	760.4726	0.882	846.45	15.092	41407.88404	39784.99
18-05-2036 21:30	0	0	0	0	0	709.8253	0.3015	678.81	17.7135	40392.273	38985.62
18-05-2036 22:00	0	0	0	0	0	708.4941	1.341	611.82	18.326	39826.66104	38486.68
18-05-2036 22:30	0	0	0	0	0	701.9492	1.2375	492.36	15.8515	37986.82996	36775.43
18-05-2036 23:00	0	0	0	0	0	638.2317	0.072	512.16	12.103	36829.99799	35667.43
18-05-2036 23:30	0	0	0	0	0	736.7336	0.189	535.92	9.3835	35630.874	34348.65
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Note: CAC = Central area; MAC = Metropolitan area; NAC = Northern area; NEC = North eastern area; and SAC = Southern area.

ASEAN


The ASEAN RE Integration Study is the first phase of a quantitative assessment of the impact of cross-border interconnection and multilateral trade amongst ASEAN member countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore) on the integration of variable renewables.

The assessment focused on future scenarios for the region in 2035, analysing the impact of increased cross-border interconnection and multilateral trade on the accommodation of variable renewables. The results of the assessment showed that with current VRE projections from the 5th ASEAN Energy Outlook  (approximately 10% VRE generation in 2035), enabling multilateral trade on all existing/planned interconnectors and thereafter expansion of the network reduces operational costs but, in the absence of externality costs, increases emissions as it allows more stable operation and exports of coal-fired generation. However, when increasing the VRE share to align with projections from the IEA’s Sustainable Development Scenario (approximately 25% VRE generation in 2035), the full benefit of interconnectors and multilateral power trade can be unlocked, in that it decreases both costs and emissions by enabling higher shares of VRE to be accommodated without excessive curtailment.

	Other variable costs	Fuel cost	CO2 emission (right axis)
Bilat_trade	2.123727774	19.15557247	224.3256312
Multi_trade	2.156344936	18.33282701	230.2973968
Expanded_tx	2.328017461	15.43539202	275.5240631
Bilat_trade	1.888107959	15.70844618	195.6506629
Multi_trade	1.859737085	14.73441206	189.6798143
Expanded_tx	1.763362134	10.76443216	182.6897332
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Note: Bilat_trade = Bilateral trade with existing/planned interconnectors; Multi_trade = Multilateral trade with existing/planned interconnectors; Expanded_tx = Expansion of interconnectors with multilateral trade