Natural gas


Natural gas supplies 22% of the energy used worldwide, and makes up nearly a quarter of electricity generation, as well as playing a crucial role as a feedstock for industry. Natural gas is a versatile fuel and its growth is linked in part to its environmental benefits relative to other fossil fuels, particularly for air quality as well as greenhouse gas emissions.

	Industry	Power generation	Buildings & Other sectors
China	55	35	76
Middle East	23	35	12
Other Asia Pacific	30	15	6
United States	18	10	11
India	18	6	4
Africa	8	13	6
Other North America	12	10	1
Central and South America	5	2	5
Other Eurasia	5	5	1
Europe	1	6	-6
Russia	4	-6	-13
Japan	1	-24	3
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Source: Market Report Series: Gas 2019

The natural gas market is becoming more globalized, driven by the availability of shale gas and the rising supplies of liquefied natural gas. As gas trade increases, so do the concerns about natural gas security, as a demand or supply shock in one region may now have repercussions in others.

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