Hydrogen


Hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that can be produced from a wide range of energy sources and used in multiple applications across the entire energy sector. Because it is a chemical fuel, it can be traded and stored in ways that electricity cannot, potentially enabling hard-to-decarbonise sectors to be tackled with minimum disruption, including steel production, chemicals, heating and long-distance transport.

By diversifying the ways in which low-carbon energy can be delivered to end-users, hydrogen (and new hydrogen-based fuels, such as ammonia) could make low-carbon energy systems more resilient.

Hydrogen is already an important part of energy systems, mainly for its use in the refining industry and as a feedstock for chemicals production. But its future potential is much larger and interest among governments and industry in the opportunities for supporting and investing in hydrogen is rising.

	Alkaline	PEM	SOEC
2010	0.63	0.188830924	0
2011	0.718	0.315	0
2012	6.43371	0.145	0
2013	9.72	1.10089252	0
2014	2.65	0.41	0.125
2015	5.577863882	9.086707731	0.015
2016	2.2	2.005	0.1558
2017	6.249599615	6.385707731	0.15
Announced for 2018-20	26.63847553	71.20373287	0
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The International Energy Agency is preparing a major new study to assess the state of play for hydrogen, its economics and potential. The analysis will cover the entire technology chain for hydrogen from production, transport and storage to its various uses. It will also discuss near-term opportunities for hydrogen deployment as well as practical steps for implementation. The report will be a key input to the 2019 G20 Presidency of Japan and published in mid-June 2019.

	Fuelling stations
Japan	100
Germany	43
US	38
France	20
UK	15
Korea	10
China	10
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Our work on Hydrogen


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