Energy, in all its forms, is a vital commodity for societies and economies to function properly. Disruptions in energy systems have the potential to cause severe impacts, thereby limiting economic and societal development. As such, modern energy systems need to be able to withstand shocks from a wide range of sources, including natural disasters, geopolitical conflicts, and new and emerging threats related to the ongoing digitalization of energy systems.
Promoting resilience through peer reviews
The IEA conducts peer reviews of its Member countries on a regular basis. Resilience of energy networks is a key focus of these reviews, as they help to ensure that members are able to react and adapt to changing conditions. This is done by assessing their ability to identify existing or emerging risks and offering policy recommendations where appropriate.
For more information on Emergency Response Reviews, click here.
Weather and climate resilience
The energy sector faces multiple threats from climate change, in particular from extreme weather events and increasing stress on water resources. Greater resilience to climate change impacts will be essential to the technical viability of the energy sector and its ability to cost-effectively meet the rising energy demands driven by global economic and population growth.
The inter-dependencies between energy and water are set to intensify in the coming years. Water is essential for all phases of energy generation, from production of fossil fuels and biofuels to power plant operation. Managing energy-water linkages is and will continue to be pivotal to the prospects for successful realisation of a range of development and climate goals.
Read more in the 2016 World Energy Outlook: Water-Energy Nexus (exerpt) and the Energy, Climate Change & Environment: 2016 Insights.
In 2017, the IEA turned its focus to the impact of digitalisation on the energy sector. Energy systems around the world are becoming more interconnected and intelligent. This expansion brings many opportunities, but also new challenges as suppliers and governments seek to ensure the security of these systems. To date, cyber-related disruptions to the energy sector have been relatively minor; however, cyber-attacks are becoming more common, and the issue will only become more important as greater volumes of data are exchanged or stored on servers and with the increasingly rapid development of connected devices.
Read more in the report ‘Digitalisation and Energy 2017’
Our work on Energy security
One of the IEA's core activities is ensuring the security of oil supplies by setting oil stockholding requirements for member countries and coordinating the international response to supply shocks
Natural Gas Security
Gas security challenges are evolving. The current period of gas oversupply – driven by overcapacity in the LNG market – should not overshadow the critical importance of global gas security
In May 2015, the Group of Seven (G7) Energy Ministers asked the IEA to help determine the best means of improving electricity security, including through increasing system flexibility
Member and Key Partner Emergency Policies
Since its founding in 1974, oil supply security has been a core mission of the International Energy Agency
The energy sector has to withstand demand or supply shocks in global energy markets, natural disasters, explosions or cyberattacks and other extreme events
In the event of an actual or potentially severe oil supply disruption, the IEA Secretariat first assesses its market impact and the need for an IEA co-ordinated response
Market Report Series: Oil 2017
Provides market analysis and forecasts to 2022
Gas Resiliency Assessment of Japan
Identify the natural gas supply security risks and challenges of Japan
Oil Information 2017
Detailed and comprehensive picture of oil supply, demand, trade, production and consumption
- IEA statement on global oil market conditions
9 May 2018
- WEO Analysis: A sea change in the global oil trade
23 February 2018
- Broadest ever participation in IEA emergency response exercise
12 February 2018
Events & workshops
WorkshopFourth Annual Expert Workshop: Challenges in Electricity DecarbonisationOECD, Paris
Workshop7th Forum on the Climate-Energy Security Nexus: Enhancing Energy Sector Climate Resilience in AsiaManila, Philippines
WorkshopThe promise of fusion - innovation and the role of industryOECD Headquarters, 2 rue André-Pascal, 75016 Paris