The energy sector has to withstand demand or supply shocks in global energy markets, natural disasters, explosions or cyberattacks and other extreme events. The electricity sector strongly relies on water and natural resources and is highly exposed to extreme weather events and climate change impacts. The energy-water nexus has been a regular focus area of the IEA World Energy Outlook.

The IEA also assesses climate change resilience through the IEA policy reviews and its climate change mission. Energy production facilities, energy transmission, storage, and distribution and other facilities form the backbone of our energy system. The IEA has also supported the G7 on cybersecurity. The IEA conducts resilience assessments to identify risks and vulnerabilities in the member countries’ energy system and proposes policy recommendations and identifies investments to replace, expand, and modernize infrastructure. 

Gas Resiliency Assessment of Japan

Published: 11 July 2017

his report summarises the findings from the “Gas Resiliency Assessment of Japan” workshop, organised jointly by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan, held in July 2016. This initiative aimed to identify the natural gas supply security risks and challenges of Japan and to examine whether existing policies to address these challenges remain are and will remain relevant in the near future. This report contains several recommendations to improve the resiliency of Japan.

In the energy system of Japan gas plays an important role, particularly so after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, to compensate for the loss of nuclear power generation, which collapsed in 2014. Given its high import dependency, Japan has developed a robust natural gas security of supply policy.

The challenges around security of gas supply are rapidly evolving. The traditional view of gas as a stand-alone fuel is becoming less relevant. With increasing gas market globalisation and greater interdependencies between gas and the rest of the energy system, shocks in one sector or region can reverberate in others.

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