Natural Gas Security


Historically, the natural gas markets have been divided into regional markets, where sources in regions were connected to demand centres by dedicated pipelines. Where Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) was an option, the flexibility of its trade was frequently limited by destination clauses. Today, natural gas markets are changing at a rapid pace, moving from regional integration to a more globalised and interdependent market. This transformation is creating new security-related concerns, which remain alive despite the current state of oversupply in the gas market.

Global Gas Security Review 2017

Published: 18 October 2017

The trend towards a more interconnected gas market promotes greater regional interdependence; however, it is also leading to new challenges related to supply security. Recent events, ranging from weather-related events such as cold spells in southeast Europe or hurricanes in the US, to geopolitical events such as tension between Qatar and its neighbours in the Gulf, are all reminders that the security of natural gas supply remains a lively issue.

The 2017 Global Gas Security Review is the second publication in a new series developed in response to the mandate given to the IEA in 2015 to enhance global gas security. This report builds upon recent work to assess the level of flexibility provided by LNG supply and offers an extensive assessment of recent policy developments linked to security of supply.

Gas Resiliency Assessment of Japan

Published: 11 July 2016

Following the 2011 Earthquake, gas has played an increasingly important role in Japan as the country seeks to reduce its reliance on nuclear power generation. Due to its high import dependency, Japan has developed a robust strategy to ensure natural gas supply security.

This report, Gas Resiliency Assessment of Japan, summarises the findings from a one-day workshop, organised jointly by the IEA and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and held in Tokyo, July 2016.

This initiative aimed to identify risks and challenges related to natural gas supply in Japan, examine whether existing policies for addressing these challenges are sufficient, and determine whether or not they will remain so going forward.

Our work on Energy security