Energy Efficiency: Industry

The global exchange for energy efficiency policies, data and impacts

Industry is responsible for around 38% of global total final energy use. By implementing cost-effective energy efficiency opportunities available today, industry could produce nearly twice as much value per unit of energy use in 2040, compared to current levels.


The Efficient World Scenario identifies opportunities in several industry sub-sectors


The Efficient World Scenario (EWS) identifies the potential for industry to produce nearly twice as much value per unit of energy use in 2040, compared to current levels. Overall manufacturing energy intensity could improve by 44% between now and 2040 with 70% of the energy savings potential in less energy-intensive manufacturing sectors.

	2000-17	2018-40
Iron and steel	5	25
Chemical and petrochemical	15	14
Cement	36	13
Paper, pulp and print	21	25
Aluminium	16	28
Other industries	16	41
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Policy insights


The IEA Efficient World Strategy highlights a range of actions through which governments can enable greater industrial energy efficiency gains.

Explore industry policies

Explore the data


Show me

Total final industrial energy consumption by fuel

	Total	Other Renewables	Bioenergy	Heat	Electricity	Gas	Oil	Coal
2010	143.32	0.02	7.7	5.1	26.6	26	31.1	46.8
2011	149.12	0.02	7.8	5.4	28.2	27.6	30.4	49.7
2012	149.43	0.03	7.8	5.5	28.8	28.2	29.4	49.7
2013	151.33	0.03	8.1	5.2	29.6	28.4	29.6	50.4
2014	153.03	0.03	8	5.2	30.4	28.6	29.9	50.9
2015	152.73	0.03	8.1	5.2	30.6	28.1	30.5	50.2
2016	154.63	0.03	8.2	5.3	31.3	28.7	31.5	49.6
2020	164.2	0.1	9	5.8	33.7	32.2	33.8	49.6
2025	171.04	0.34	10.3	5.8	36	35	35.4	48.2
2030	174.79	0.79	11.6	5.5	37.3	37.1	36.3	46.2
            
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Note: Final energy consumption includes process energy used in manufacturing industries (including blast furnaces and coke ovens) and feedstock.

	Share of energy use
North America	11.83180677
South America	4.312956412
Asia and Pacific	17.41734571
Europe	11.46260629
China	43.00435391
Other	11.97093091
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	IE5	IE4	IE3	IE2	IE1	IE0
2000	0	0	0	0.04	0.41	2.92
2001	0	0	0	0.04	0.48	2.89
2002	0	0	0	0.05	0.58	2.88
2003	0	0	0	0.06	0.73	2.91
2004	0	0	0	0.07	0.93	2.94
2005	0	0	0	0.08	1.12	2.93
2006	0	0	0	0.09	1.36	2.95
2007	0	0	0	0.1	1.67	2.9
2008	0	0	0	0.11	1.87	2.82
2009	0	0	0	0.13	1.91	2.68
2010	0	0	0	0.28	2.2	2.62
2011	0	0	0.01	0.53	2.31	2.54
2012	0	0	0.02	0.72	2.39	2.45
2013	0	0	0.04	0.95	2.47	2.35
2014	0	0	0.1	1.17	2.52	2.23
2015	0	0	0.25	1.29	2.56	2.11
2016	0	0	0.45	1.34	2.6	1.98
2017	0	0	0.68	1.39	2.64	1.84
            
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Show me

Note: Countries covered are IEA countries plus Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia and South Africa.
	NPS	EWS
2017	100	100
2018	98.40665671	98.10630194
2019	96.45964796	95.7465197
2020	94.23702052	93.184447
2021	92.22610029	90.84039591
2022	90.19911798	88.46952474
2023	88.21409474	86.11047826
2024	86.25941525	83.7555329
2025	84.35416388	81.43151436
2026	82.46745093	79.13707177
2027	80.62359072	76.87580364
2028	78.83711356	74.650399
2029	77.10655653	72.46829039
2030	75.4485966	70.33572782
2031	73.86995542	68.31190804
2032	72.37537728	66.39823403
2033	70.96547241	64.60530623
2034	69.63513367	62.92987046
2035	68.38481445	61.3675845
2036	67.20307137	59.90859261
2037	66.08297381	58.53532091
2038	65.01772413	57.24060482
2039	64.00330641	56.01904379
2040	63.03666815	54.87423077
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	Total industrial energy intensity	Iron and steel	Chemical & petrochemical	Cement	Paper, pulp and print	Aluminium	Other industries 
2000	119.6595483	104.7545142	117.0101825	155.807225	125.465292	118.2807735	117.9701484
2001	118.4751885	102.635661	115.7955801	152.5688236	123.0668745	111.9325175	118.9210176
2002	116.8254174	97.78761527	102.8916484	147.8957443	114.9350531	112.1543002	119.8625897
2003	115.7267298	99.72423106	102.2590187	143.0740019	114.861134	111.7751435	116.5133394
2004	116.6653411	99.52355627	105.441308	139.1986529	114.0192821	110.3289475	117.6384283
2005	115.4658052	98.98933953	106.4415302	133.6312834	115.1677762	111.1573921	116.3851891
2006	114.2779429	96.63162213	104.6671891	128.9425798	113.5118698	116.7474934	115.9609324
2007	112.9169009	96.10933186	106.2596416	126.282826	110.4539774	119.9834061	112.3574657
2008	110.9891048	97.65966064	107.0097932	123.278874	107.7638382	119.1624161	112.8931101
2009	112.3803682	105.9907731	102.9022495	116.4329749	109.0197984	114.6789497	111.9631521
2010	113.5412766	102.3098856	110.6061162	112.0029503	109.4452372	111.8877843	109.9358093
2011	112.7624455	101.5425011	113.1680565	108.0869039	106.8937655	107.5398683	107.0859307
2012	109.7461754	102.8948547	108.9689353	104.2283662	103.2302458	106.1690843	113.7538515
2013	107.6213639	99.29255431	106.951795	100.5318082	103.2683328	105.9026074	109.8760231
2014	104.9615295	99.89952737	104.8036995	100.4060922	99.31072336	100.953189	106.1899587
2015	101.6409083	101.0646335	103.3792327	100.8284702	100.3122156	101.5622449	101.4687703
2016	100	100	100	100	100	100	100
2017	99.04604198	99.67598577	99.88771757	98.97346985	99.53666187	99.16554796	98.69429917
2018	97.46789852	98.42842388	99.44825236	98.77805056	99.04564622	98.18974951	97.09604645
2019	95.53946341	97.14478447	98.97700178	98.62011357	98.44557978	97.09156641	95.235883
2020	93.3380389	95.91802407	98.52739696	98.46275664	97.80503926	95.99990743	93.43053269
2021	91.34630201	95.24743621	98.43099742	98.39736847	97.31080567	95.28383893	91.73167784
2022	89.33865625	94.58805307	98.28654552	98.30610317	96.80596524	94.55716067	90.09625483
2023	87.3725693	93.95930091	98.15813249	98.15628349	96.28704457	93.82478192	88.50797383
2024	85.43653664	93.35276929	98.03585146	97.96832133	95.75664475	93.0866505	87.00648832
2025	83.54946056	92.78756179	97.90204124	97.73080707	95.2036247	92.34140727	85.54005027
2026	81.68074607	92.22765428	97.72441289	97.47026408	94.64380065	91.6118661	84.14386779
2027	79.85447551	91.66839391	97.52722314	97.18526636	94.08104617	90.87388382	82.78505131
2028	78.08504059	91.10259695	97.28276626	96.86688821	93.51659123	90.12597645	81.47626584
2029	76.37099235	90.53028773	96.99820243	96.50307112	92.95272302	89.36568584	80.22967943
2030	74.72884866	89.94893075	96.68469596	96.10468353	92.39203983	88.59531128	79.08220138
2031	73.16526705	89.37528254	96.3377202	95.75605452	91.86298824	87.73534595	77.98815013
2032	71.68494656	88.79266814	95.97829786	95.37131296	91.33858512	86.87375069	76.99094257
2033	70.28849159	88.21090243	95.58174544	94.95306279	90.82297773	86.00440577	76.09107947
2034	68.97084372	87.63547584	95.16172084	94.50372567	90.32058369	85.12805959	75.281721
2035	67.73245202	87.0710588	94.73028973	94.02542284	89.76953173	84.24519169	74.54767988
2036	66.56198228	86.52533752	94.28081677	93.52269374	89.2367424	83.35960676	73.874778
2037	65.45256998	86.00457302	93.82158994	93.00080019	88.7239913	82.4724193	73.24226876
2038	64.39748233	85.51468263	93.35730056	92.46441129	88.23095901	81.58224392	72.63642177
2039	63.39274173	85.04681254	92.88207446	91.91970648	87.75726352	80.68312543	72.04973293
2040	62.43532479	84.63733135	92.40343013	91.37456909	87.30239931	79.7856077	71.47836721
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	Total industrial energy intensity	Iron and steel	Chemical & petrochemical	Cement	Paper, pulp and print	Aluminium	Other industries 
2000	119.6595483	104.7545142	117.0101825	155.807225	125.465292	118.2807735	117.9701484
2001	118.4751885	102.635661	115.7955801	152.5688236	123.0668745	111.9325175	118.9210176
2002	116.8254174	97.78761527	102.8916484	147.8957443	114.9350531	112.1543002	119.8625897
2003	115.7267298	99.72423106	102.2590187	143.0740019	114.861134	111.7751435	116.5133394
2004	116.6653411	99.52355627	105.441308	139.1986529	114.0192821	110.3289475	117.6384283
2005	115.4658052	98.98933953	106.4415302	133.6312834	115.1677762	111.1573921	116.3851891
2006	114.2779429	96.63162213	104.6671891	128.9425798	113.5118698	116.7474934	115.9609324
2007	112.9169009	96.10933186	106.2596416	126.282826	110.4539774	119.9834061	112.3574657
2008	110.9891048	97.65966064	107.0097932	123.278874	107.7638382	119.1624161	112.8931101
2009	112.3803682	105.9907731	102.9022495	116.4329749	109.0197984	114.6789497	111.9631521
2010	113.5412766	102.3098856	110.6061162	112.0029503	109.4452372	111.8877843	109.9358093
2011	112.7624455	101.5425011	113.1680565	108.0869039	106.8937655	107.5398683	107.0859307
2012	109.7461754	102.8948547	108.9689353	104.2283662	103.2302458	106.1690843	113.7538515
2013	107.6213639	99.29255431	106.951795	100.5318082	103.2683328	105.9026074	109.8760231
2014	104.9615295	99.89952737	104.8036995	100.4060922	99.31072336	100.953189	106.1899587
2015	101.6409083	101.0646335	103.3792327	100.8284702	100.3122156	101.5622449	101.4687703
2016	100	100	100	100	100	100	100
2017	99.02662016	99.66974483	99.87265887	98.96952769	99.51927879	99.14807632	98.62852917
2018	97.15135498	97.99000593	99.3650144	98.63791466	97.64647499	98.05153523	96.63174602
2019	94.81454239	96.24101244	98.60903239	98.32337181	95.59316149	96.67161461	94.22320102
2020	92.27740838	94.54043365	97.9043822	98.00249598	93.49960199	95.32112843	91.92420741
2021	89.95617381	93.47953797	97.62389189	97.81299253	92.63993384	94.18797591	89.73319437
2022	87.60838022	92.41878977	97.28755928	97.58538736	91.75008441	93.05375249	87.53857701
2023	85.27229623	91.37216949	96.9514567	97.28725207	90.82554528	91.92088424	85.32187567
2024	82.94027343	90.332622	96.61526511	96.93793553	89.86819302	90.79476715	83.14219979
2025	80.63887642	89.31554572	96.24094606	96.52707578	88.86968644	89.67070072	80.93689396
2026	78.36676747	88.29357815	95.78561865	96.08063119	87.84387693	88.58672191	78.77672091
2027	76.12751007	87.26020614	95.28029917	95.59371628	86.79553151	87.50291587	76.60362989
2028	73.92376707	86.21333238	94.70698154	95.05467551	85.72790622	86.41950999	74.4186478
2029	71.76289866	85.14117545	94.07163162	94.45570877	84.64506358	85.33202565	72.25271215
2030	69.65109403	84.04258297	93.40175384	93.80325778	83.55235752	84.24444877	70.14669566
2031	67.6469737	82.98144893	92.7060378	93.17346462	82.44405496	82.90645155	68.17023935
2032	65.75192701	81.90130823	91.99488796	92.50298152	81.34143539	81.56908054	66.3544125
2033	63.97645121	80.81138795	91.23414019	91.79567148	80.25059371	80.22328849	64.71106289
2034	62.31732379	79.72126871	90.44312919	91.05621578	79.17905108	78.87041315	63.23690211
2035	60.77024481	78.63571789	89.64238334	90.28835368	78.07268277	77.51445772	61.91726337
2036	59.32545445	77.56586762	88.81242561	89.49782072	76.99444029	76.15768919	60.73360375
2037	57.9655499	76.51779652	87.97876509	88.69161508	75.94716677	74.80480953	59.64982816
2038	56.68343632	75.50009146	87.14383193	87.87577742	74.93141071	73.45359893	58.64669468
2039	55.47376571	74.51029534	86.30567385	87.05904228	73.94685264	72.09931096	57.71244094
2040	54.34009607	73.57330434	85.47067183	86.25049692	72.99201501	70.75437728	56.84550694
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                          	{ "visible": true }
                          ]
                      }
	Energy use	Gross value added	Energy intensity
2000	100	100	100
2001	99.02105475	99.5979895	99.42073655
2002	99.85898197	102.0115805	97.88984887
2003	103.517971	106.9213293	96.81695105
2004	111.7295976	114.8977746	97.24261244
2005	118.4723442	120.7531695	98.11116741
2006	122.7713847	131.2322172	93.55277798
2007	127.2349646	141.2123635	90.10185896
2008	128.5532013	146.1589663	87.95437224
2009	125.3910584	141.3435336	88.71368584
2010	137.3481537	155.0341891	88.59217084
2011	143.0660192	165.2773391	86.56118251
2012	143.79	169.85	84.66
2013	144.77	173.43	83.48
2014	145.99	179.00	81.56
2015	145.27	180.75	80.37
2016	144.35	186.82	77.27
2017	146.95	195.37	75.22
{
                          "title": {
                            "text": "Manufacturing energy intensity"
                          },
                          "chart": {
                            "type": "line",
                            "height": "40%"
                          },
                          "yAxis": {
                            "min": 70,
                            "max": 200,
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                          },
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                          "plotOptions": {
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                              },
                              "tooltip": {
                                "valueSuffix": " (2000=100)"
                              }
                            }
                          }
                      }
	Historical	Efficient World Scenario	New Policies Scenario
2000	119.6595483		
2001	118.4751885		
2002	116.8254174		
2003	115.7267298		
2004	116.6653411		
2005	115.4658052		
2006	114.2779429		
2007	112.9169009		
2008	110.9891048		
2009	112.3803682		
2010	113.5412766		
2011	112.7624455		
2012	109.7461754		
2013	107.6213639		
2014	104.9615295		
2015	101.6409083		
2016	100	100	100
2017		99.02662016	99.04604198
2018		97.15135498	97.46789852
2019		94.81454239	95.53946341
2020		92.27740838	93.3380389
2021		89.95617381	91.34630201
2022		87.60838022	89.33865625
2023		85.27229623	87.3725693
2024		82.94027343	85.43653664
2025		80.63887642	83.54946056
2026		78.36676747	81.68074607
2027		76.12751007	79.85447551
2028		73.92376707	78.08504059
2029		71.76289866	76.37099235
2030		69.65109403	74.72884866
2031		67.6469737	73.16526705
2032		65.75192701	71.68494656
2033		63.97645121	70.28849159
2034		62.31732379	68.97084372
2035		60.77024481	67.73245202
2036		59.32545445	66.56198228
2037		57.9655499	65.45256998
2038		56.68343632	64.39748233
2039		55.47376571	63.39274173
2040		54.34009607	62.43532479
{
                          "title": {
                            "text": "Indexed energy intensity for industry, New Policies Scenario vs. Efficient World Scenario"
                          },
                          "chart": {
                            "type": "line",
                            "height": "40%"
                          },
                          "yAxis": {
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                                "enabled": false
                              },
                              "tooltip": {
                                "valueSuffix": " (2016=100)"
                              }
                            }
                          }
                      }

Show me

	Coverage potential	Actual coverage
2010	5.58	10.69
2011	36.57	12.47
2012	34.36	14.54
2013	33.71	15.58
2014	32.18	16.94
2015	35.23	20.08
2016	31.05	24.16
2017	28.78	26.71
{
   "title": {
       "text": "Global policy coverage and potential for electric motors"
    },
    "chart": {
       "type": "column",
       "height": "40%"
    },
    "plotOptions": {
      "column": {
         "stacking": "normal"
       }
    },
    "tooltip": {
      "valueDecimals": 0,
      "valueSuffix": "%"
    },
    "yAxis": {
      "title": {
        "text": "Electric motors energy use covered"
      },
      "labels": {
         "format": "{value}%"
      }
    }
}
	Coverage	Increase in policy strength since 2000 (right axis)
United States	68	1.7
Canada	68	1.7
Japan	13.6	6.6
Korea	45.3	6.6
Australia/New Zealand	40	4.9
EU	31.7	6.6
China	27.2	4.9
Brazil	40.8	4.9
Mexico	54.4	6.6
{
   "title": {
       "text": "Electric motors energy use covered and increase in policy strength since 2000"
    },
    "chart": {
       "type": "column",
       "height": "40%"
    },
    "plotOptions": {
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         "stacking": "normal"
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    },
    "yAxis": [
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      "title": {
        "text": "Electric motors energy use covered"
      },
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        "format": "{value}%"
      }
     },
     {
      "title": {
        "text": "Increase in policy strength since 2000"
      },
      "opposite": true,
      "labels": {
        "format": "{value}%"
      }
     }
    ],
"series": [{}, { "type": "line", "className": "noline", "yAxis": 1, "colorIndex": 2, "tooltip": {
      "valueDecimals": 1
    } }]
}

Mandatory policy coverage of industrial energy use by region

Show me

	Direct CO2 emissions
2010	7.72
2011	8.17
2012	8.12
2013	8.25
2014	8.35
2015	8.31
2016	8.33
2025	8.51
2030	8.18
            
{
              "title": {
                "text": "CO2 emissions from direct industrial energy use"
              },
              "chart": {
                "type": "line",
                "height": "40%"
              },
              "yAxis": {
                "min": 0,
                "title": {
                  "text": " GtCO2"
                }
              },
              "xAxis": {
                    "plotBands": [
                      {
                        "from": 2000,
                        "to": 2016,
                        "color": "#fafafa",
                        "label": {
                          "text": "Historical"
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "from": 2016,
                        "to": 2040,
                        "label": {
                            "text": "SDS Targets"
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  },
              "yAxis": {
                "min": 0,
                "title": {
                  "text": "EJ"
                }
              },
              "xAxis": {
"plotBands": [
{
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"to": 2016,
"color": "#fafafa",
"label": {
"text": "Historical"
}
},
{
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"to": 2040,
"label": {
"text": "Sustainable Development Scenario"
},
"className": "nofill"
}
]
},
"legend": {
"align": "right",
"verticalAlign": "middle",
"layout": "vertical"
},
"plotOptions": {
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},
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"dashStyle": "Dot"
}],
"marker": {
"enabled": false
},
"tooltip": {
"valueSuffix": " (2016=100)"
}
}
}
}

Note: Direct industrial CO2 emissions include energy-related and process emissions. Process emissions include those generated in the production of primary aluminium, ferroalloys, clinker and fuels through coal and gas to liquids routes; in the production and use of lime and soda ash, as well as in the use of lubricants and paraffins.

Show me

	2014 Total	China	Asia and Pacific	North America	Europe	Other
2014	38.7	0.0	0.0	0.0	0.0	0.0
2015	0.0	8.7	10.2	8.5	3.9	5.5
2016	0.0	12.0	10.2	7.3	3.9	5.1
2017	0.0	13.8	7.8	4.7	3.6	5.5
{
   "title": {
       "text": "Global investment in industrial energy efficiency"
    },
    "chart": {
       "type": "column",
       "height": "40%"
    },
    "plotOptions": {
      "column": {
         "stacking": "normal"
       }
    },
    "tooltip": {
      "valueDecimals": 0,
      "valueSuffix": " USD billions (2017)"
    },
    "yAxis": {
      "title": {
        "text": "USD billions (2017)"
      }
    }
}
 

Tracking Clean Energy Progress on industry: More efforts needed

The IEA’s newly-enhanced Tracking Clean Energy Progress provides a comprehensive and rigorous assessment of a full range of energy technologies and sectors that are critical in a global clean-energy transition.

According to a preliminary estimate, direct industrial CO2 emissions grew by 1.3% a year between 2010 and 2016 to reach 8.3 GtCO2, or 24% of global emissions. The rate of growth in emissions has slowed in recent years. Emissions rose by 0.3% from 2015 to 2016, a slight rebound from the 0.5% decline between 2014 and 2015.

Read more...

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IEA publications on industry

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