Energy Efficiency in Mexico

Energy Efficiency in Emerging Economies (E4) programme findings and work

Mexico, through energy efficiency gains in the residential building and passenger transport sectors, was able to save almost 3% additional energy use between 2000 and 2017. The cost effective measures in the Efficient World Strategy would reduce CO2 emissions to 8% under current levels by 2040.


Overview


Energy efficiency improvements in Mexico since 2000 prevented 3% of additional energy use in 2017. Movement of economic activity from energy-intensive industry sectors to less-intensive manufacturing and service sectors was almost entirely offset by increased energy use in other areas. Specifically, Mexico experienced changes in transport modes and occupancy levels as well as increased appliance ownership rates and building floor area.

These gains were achieved in the buildings and passenger transport sectors, contributing 53% and 36% respectively.

	Energy savings due to energy efficiency
Industry and services	0.021
Residential Buildings	0.103
Passenger transport	0.071
Freight transport		-0.02

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As a result of these efficiency savings, 12 Mt CO2-eq emissions were prevented as were 2% additional coal and gas imports.

Energy efficiency opportunities


From 2000 to 2017 energy demand rose by 23% in Mexico. However under the Efficient World Scenario, the increase could be limited to just 10% between now and 2040. This would save 1 EJ of additional energy use compared to expected trends. Savings would mainly come from transport (45%) and industry (30%), followed by the buildings sector.

The cost effective measures incorporated in the EWS would also reduce CO2 emissions to 8% under current levels by 2040.

 	Historical	NPS	EWS

2012	0.459
2013	0.450
2014	0.434
2015	0.442
2016	0.441	0.441	0.441
2025		0.431	0.413
2030		0.445	0.413
2035		0.466	0.414
2040		0.485	0.408

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In 2015 Mexico adopted the Energy Transition Law, charting the course to increase the share of renewable energy in the electricity system while advancing energy efficiency. This law now provides an umbrella for energy efficiency policies and as of 2017, 23% of Mexico’s final energy use was covered by mandatory energy efficiency policies.

	Mandatory policy coverage 
Industry	12
Transport	20
Residential buildings	41
Non-residential buildings	54
Total	23


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The EWS reveals that further efficiency gains are possible. In the transport sector for example, improvements have been made in recent years due to increasing fuel efficiency levels in passenger cars. However, fuel efficiency of trucks in Mexico is still 30% lower than in China.

In the industry sector Mexico adopted motor efficiency Minimum Energy Performance Standards at the IE3 level, matching those across North America. This would be the starting point for increasing energy efficiency in industry and could be augmented by the uptake of effective energy management systems.

Our Work in Mexico


The E4 Programme has worked with Mexico to help establish firm foundations for energy efficiency in terms of legislation, strategy, and capacity. These include: a long-term energy efficiency strategy, energy efficiency targets set under the Energy Transition Law, and a roadmap for building energy codes and standards.

The E4 Programme continues to work with Mexico to focus on supporting development of indicators in line with the IEA methodology, designing a comprehensive industrial energy efficiency package, and continuing to support the Energy Efficiency Strategy.

Related resources


IEA publications on Mexico

Other resources