carbon capture... CCS London Protocol

Carbon Capture and Storage and the London Protocol: Options for Enabling Transboundary CO₂Transfer

For CCS to reach its emissions reduction potential, the 2009 IEA publication Technology Roadmap: Carbon capture and storage recommends, amongst other things, that international legal obstacles associated with global CCS deployment be removed by 2012 – including the prohibition on transboundary CO₂transfer under the London Protocol.

The London Protocol was amended by contracting parties in 2009 to allow for cross-border transportation of CO₂for sub-seabed storage, but the amendment must be ratified by two-thirds of contracting parties to enter into force. It is unlikely that this will occur in the near term; Carbon Capture and Storage and the London Protocol: Options for Enabling Transboundary CO₂Transfer, therefore, outlines options that may be available to contracting parties under international law to address the barrier to deployment presented by Article 6, pending formal entry into force of the 2009 amendment.