Carbon capture, utilisation and storage
A critical tool in the climate energy toolbox
Carbon, capture utilisation and storage (CCUS) is one of the only technology solutions that can significantly reduce emissions from coal and gas power generation and deliver the deep emissions reductions needed across key industrial processes such as steel, cement and chemicals manufacturing, all of which will remain vital building blocks of modern society.
What is CCUS?
Carbon capture, utilisation and storage, or CCUS, is an important emissions reduction technology that can be applied in the industrial sector and in power generation. These technologies involve the capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fuel combustion or industrial processes, the transport of CO2 via ship or pipeline, and either its use as a resource to create valuable products or services or its permanent storage deep underground in geological formations. CCUS technologies also provide the foundation for carbon removal or “negative emissions” when the CO2 comes from bio-based processes or directly from the atmosphere.
Meeting climate and energy goals
CCUS technologies will play an important role in meeting energy and climate goals. In the IEA Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS), CCUS accounts for 7% of the cumulative emissions reductions needed globally to 2040. This implies a rapid scale-up of CCUS deployment, from around 30 million tonnes (Mt) of CO2 currently captured each year to 2 300 Mt per year by 2040.
The pathway to net zero and negative emissions
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has highlighted that achieving the ambitions of the Paris Agreement to limit future temperature increases to 1.5 degrees will require more than just an acceleration of efforts to reduce emissions; it may also require the deployment of technologies to actually remove carbon from the atmosphere.
The most mature carbon dioxide removal technology is bio-energy with CCS, or BECCS. BECCS involves the conversion of biomass, which extracts CO2 from the atmosphere as it grows, to chemical products or other forms of energy with the resulting CO2 captured and geologically stored. Possible applications of BECCS include: dedicated or co-firing of biomass in power plant; combined heat and power; pulp and paper mills; lime kilns; ethanol plants; biogas refineries; and biomass gasification plants. Certain biomass conversion processes, including fermentation and gasification technologies, generate high-purity CO2 streams as an intrinsic part of the process, thus providing lower-cost capture opportunities.
The IPCC found that in pathways with limited or no temperature overshoot, up to 400 Gt of BECCS could be required this century. Today, there is one large-scale BECCS facility in operation, at the Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage facility in the United States, capturing and storing 1 Mt of CO2 per year.
In-depth energy insights from the IEA's analysts.
Recent publications on CCUS
News & announcements
Whatever happened to enhanced oil recovery? 28 November 2018
IEA and UK kick-start a new global era for CCUS 28 November 2018
Dec 12 December 12, 2018 13:00
Event Accelerating CCUS Deployment COP24, Katowice, Poland (UK Pavilion)
Dec 7 December 07, 2018 15:30
Event Practice and Prospects of CCUS in China COP24, Katowice, Poland (China Pavilion)
Dec 3 December 03, 2018 17:34
Event COP24 Katowice, Poland
Nov 28 November 28, 2018 09:00
Event International CCUS Summit Edinburgh, UK
Nov 13 November 13, 2018 17:34
Event World Energy Outlook 2018 London, UK
WorkshopAmerican Steel Experts’ DialogueSão Paulo, Brazil
WorkshopCCUS Policy and Investment WorkshopParis, France
WorkshopDecarbonising Oil: the Role of CO2-EORParis
WorkshopCO2 Transport and Storage Infrastructure workshopUICP, 16 Rue Jean Rey, 75015 Paris
Workshop8th CCS Regulatory Network MeetingCCM Paris, France
WorkshopRe-defining Climate Ambition To "Well-below 2°C" Paris
WorkshopCOP 21 / CMP 11: 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and 11th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto ProtocolParis
WorkshopIntegrating New Technologies while Maintaining Resource AdequacyIEA, Room 1
Workshop7th CCS Regulatory Network MeetingParis
WorkshopManaging Long-term Liability for Geologic Storage of CO2IEA, Paris
Workshop20th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and 10th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP 20/COP MOP 10)Lima, Peru
WorkshopHydrogen Technology Roadmap Asia WorkshopYamanashi Prefecture, Japan
WorkshopHydrogen Technology Roadmap North America WorkshopBethesda, Maryland, United States
WorkshopCCS: Options for Energy Intensive IndustryBeijing, China
WorkshopHydrogen Roadmap WorkshopParis, France
WorkshopCEM CCUS Action Group Meeting on CCS in Industrial ApplicationsThe Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK
WorkshopETP 2012 Training and How2Guide Workshops for Smart Grids in Distribution Networks and Wind EnergyManila, Philipines
WorkshopCarbon Capture and Storage: Opportunities in Energy-Intensive Industry Beijing, China
WorkshopBioenergy, CCS and BECCS: Options for IndonesiaJakarta, Indonesia
Workshop4th IEA International CCS Regulatory Network MeetingParis, France
WorkshopIEA-SENER Joint WorkshopMexico City
WorkshopCCS: Regaining MomentumSyndey
WorkshopIEA-OPEC joint workshop on CO2-EOR for Emissions ReductionKuwait City
WorkshopIntegrated energy systems of the futureParis
WorkshopCCUS Workshop: Joint Activities and OpportunitiesBeijing
WorkshopRoundtable: Carbon Capture and Storage Perspectives in UkraineDonetsk, Ukraine
WorkshopCCS Costs WorkshopParis
Workshop16th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and 6th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP 16/COP MOP 6)Cancun, Mexico
WorkshopCCS Roundtable WorkshopWarsaw
WorkshopThe Global R&D Portfolio – Strategies to Accelerate Technology Development IEA, Paris
Workshop14th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and 4th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP 14/COP MOP 4)Poznan, Poland
WorkshopEnhancing International Technology Collaboration Washington D.C.
Workshop8th Annual IEA-IETA-EPRI Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading WorkshopIEA, Paris
Workshop13th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and 3rd Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Kyoto Protocol (COP 13/COP MOP 3)Bali
WorkshopWorkshop on Using Long-Term Scenarios for R&D Priority SettingIEA, Paris
Workshop6th Annual IEA-IETA-EPRI Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading WorkshopIEA, Paris