World Energy Prices

High-quality data on end-use energy prices

The IEA’s World Energy Prices database provides users with high-quality annual data on end-use prices for most countries in the world, based on official sources and calculated using transparent and documented methodologies. The database includes annual energy prices data for more than 100 countries, for gasoline, diesel, electricity and other products. It complements the IEA's historical quarterly data for Energy Prices and Taxes of OECD member countries.

Purchase World Energy PricesDownload the overviewPurchase Energy Prices and Taxes

Access documentation, methodology and coverage for prices data.

Sample data: global fuel prices

In 2017, the global average price of gasoline was 0.86 US dollar per litre (USD/l), a 2% increase compared to the previous year.

Prices varied greatly across countries: from 0.24 USD/l in Saudi Arabia to over six times that amount in Norway (1.77 USD/l). Both of these countries are crude oil exporters, and the price difference between them is mainly determined by national policy decisions. Government policy - in the form of taxes and/or subsidies – strongly influences how prices at the pump vary around the world.In general, European consumers pay the highest gasoline prices, generally reflecting high taxes on fuels. At the other end of the spectrum, the lowest prices are found among countries that subsidise liquid fuels.

Gasoline prices in USD per litre

Mid-grade gasoline in 2017 unless otherwise specified

This map is without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.

At a regional level, pump prices track movements in crude markets more closely in the United States than in the European Union – largely reflecting taxation structure. For example, in Europe most taxes are levied on a per volume basis while in the United States, taxes are usually ad valorem (proportional to the value). Specific policy effects also decouple trends in product prices from those of crude, for example for the countries where automotive diesel prices have increased the most over a period when crude prices recorded a 45% drop.

Crude oil refers to current (i.e., not deflated) North Sea dated crude spot prices, as calculated from daily quotations from Argus Crude.

Purchase World Energy PricesDownload the overviewPurchase Energy Prices and Taxes