Natural Gas Statistics

Detailed and comprehensive annual data on natural gas supply, demand and trade

The IEA’s Natural Gas Information includes detailed and comprehensive annual data of natural gas supply, demand and trade up to 2017, with provisional data for 2018. For OECD countries, it also contains data of gas consumption by end-use sector up to 2017 and of import and end-use prices up to 2018. The IEA also releases free monthly data on natural gas for OECD countries and provides a Monthly Gas Data Service.


Data service Purchase Natural Gas Information Free overview Documentation

Production


In 2018, global natural gas production hit a new record of 3937 Billion cubic metres, a 4.0% increase compared to 2017.

In fact, natural gas production has been rising since the economic crisis of 2009 with a compound annual growth rate of 2.8%.

Region	OECD	Non-OECD Europe / Eurasia	Middle East	Asia (including China)	Africa	Non-OECD Americas
1973	876.229	273.216	25.38823	17.846117	9.727192	22.093613
1974	867.247	299.101	26.240363	23.240464	10.163994	22.346879
1975	833.689	330.621	28.452371	26.652415	11.946799	22.460143
1976	843.457	366.721	30.49586	31.422759	13.791956	23.545759
1977	857.046	394.469	33.564242	38.400386	14.206092	25.212452
1978	861.892	421.585	32.174216	47.590377	18.76227	25.962952
1979	898.54	455.048	37.933272	53.306915	26.674603	29.423402
1980	889.704	485.155	37.835208	59.304336	22.634939	31.881024
1981	879.751	513.678	44.73894	58.316544	24.345734	32.497495
1982	829.331	548.733	47.720286	61.097357	29.981753	35.540579
1983	782.274	581.637	47.497866	69.154942	40.566644	37.972404
1984	831.643	630.323	54.822206	83.174076	41.961785	41.491993
1985	818.89	683.438	58.133695	89.216991	46.703404	42.545058
1986	796.261	726.847	68.99725	98.041591	49.533706	46.216377
1987	825.442	765.888	75.697583	106.25506	54.345255	47.273491
1988	841.081	808.632	83.922488	113.373877	57.08957	50.996828
1989	860.757	830.747	95.723837	120.917301	63.813817	54.151499
1990	881.399068	831.166	91.089564	131.989019	67.031076	55.778949
1991	903.419124	825.588	96.225248	146.152541	72.907562	57.60807
1992	921.581648	788.635	103.093521	153.674303	76.18493	58.888432
1993	958.065317	775.139	114.470024	161.618772	78.893617	59.872922
1994	995.171067	730.707	129.520328	173.016899	75.062405	62.502467
1995	1009.646159	721.225	139.005633	184.260505	82.240381	66.937329
1996	1063.115217	726.15	143.485438	200.753613	87.029272	73.815243
1997	1067.461784	679.208	157.831357	217.363862	97.600428	77.701084
1998	1072.994059	696.736	166.835946	221.597142	102.764594	83.249069
1999	1083.500565	709.896	183.097372	238.665012	116.115818	86.611276
2000	1110.186185	725.549	196.247288	248.388737	124.188599	99.095755
2001	1130.165807	728.05	213.309077	250.152218	129.231344	99.321598
2002	1121.505541	746.548	232.234078	268.943822	133.970245	109.011076
2003	1123.895661	778.316	248.660252	289.02896	148.220607	121.599712
2004	1121.295754	795.719	274.383067	309.267998	156.578522	131.655302
2005	1103.698413	811.848	300.350354	330.926018	188.207289	134.053964
2006	1121.374106	828.676	326.167958	342.883202	198.500484	143.349954
2007	1132.315252	838.677	351.912398	361.945095	211.352949	145.983726
2008	1169.207443	866.107	381.77021	380.962455	217.834742	148.944062
2009	1155.355671	761.391	401.022789	398.286195	202.984729	146.379584
2010	1180.89131	842.142	463.348052	427.648295	210.57699	158.976844
2011	1204.007104	881.767	493.242704	428.098313	204.792455	163.705054
2012	1230.830202	872.659	518.139904	427.130892	212.973775	169.933697
2013	1240.313859	898.563	544.681649	442.858758	200.226426	175.006322
2014	1278.035233	874.758	558.787952	459.43299	201.159979	178.161963
2015	1304.78165	874.081	579.088865	461.888022	199.870541	176.202449
2016	1318.590661	868.705562	600.147572	462.685414	213.306829	175.435771
2017	1358.950966	926.107173	627.217522	464.316309	233.087318	175.560745
2018p	1453.645972	950.921218	644.602	472.56	239.549141	175.943854
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	United States	Canada	Norway	Netherlands	United Kingdom	Australia	Rest of the OECD
1960	343.492	14.151	0	0.396	0.073	0	14.021
1961	353.191	17.893	0	0.536	0.079	0	16.491
1962	370.053	24.473	0	0.589	0.114	0.001	18.253
1963	392.459	26.534	0	0.686	0.152	0.003	19.703
1964	411.655	29.587	0	0.951	0.171	0.003	21.722
1965	425.381	32.237	0	1.879	0.179	0.004	33.619
1966	456.175	34.664	0	3.634	0.173	0.004	36.299
1967	516.988	38.128	0	7.483	0.623	0.004	37.687
1968	550.133	43.302	0	14.991	2.198	0.006	43.643
1969	562.482	50.293	0	23.257	5.252	0.254	52.699
1970	594.793	57.801	0	33.503	11.253	1.441	59.715
1971	611.652	62.943	0	46.271	18.7	2.146	65.339
1972	612.043	70.682	0	61.726	26.983	3.092	71.416
1973	615.085	75.341	0	75.064	29.21	4.048	77.481
1974	586.3	72.726	0.014	89.031	35.236	4.636	79.304
1975	544.476	74.499	0.195	95.898	36.681	5.018	76.922
1976	540.539	74.395	0.327	102.703	38.962	5.365	81.166
1977	542.396	78.285	2.973	102.278	40.71	6.763	83.641
1978	541.234	75.17	14.759	93.657	38.984	7.252	90.836
1979	556.563	82.228	21.581	98.835	39.354	8.236	91.743
1980	553.539	78.118	25.973	96.214	37.457	8.852	89.551
1981	547.885	75.592	26.162	89.315	37.586	10.353	92.858
1982	506.692	77.097	25.534	76.034	38.464	11.418	94.092
1983	457.522	72.528	25.831	80.785	39.726	11.939	93.943
1984	495.374	78.911	27.375	81.54	38.628	12.478	97.337
1985	467.27	86.123	26.699	85.203	43.104	13.101	97.39
1986	455.849	81.029	28.102	78.147	45.206	14.611	93.317
1987	470.844	87.872	29.511	78.369	47.553	15.073	96.22
1988	484.687	101.21	29.778	69.253	45.787	15.708	94.658
1989	493.41	105.534	30.745	75.696	44.88	16.154	94.338
1990	506.604	109.071	27.642	76.087	49.672	20.475	91.848068
1991	503.18	115.051	27.425	86.025	56.783	21.311	93.644124
1992	507.206	126.196	29.419	86.392	55.627	22.789	93.952648
1993	514.353	138.646	28.867	88.065	65.514	24.46	98.160317
1994	534.618	150.05	30.927	83.539	69.652	26.404	99.981067
1995	528.275	159.205	31.449	84.926	75.539	29.26	100.992159
1996	533.665	165.114	41.294	96.114	90	30.148	106.780217
1997	536.669	168.016	46.727	85.126	91.605	29.908	109.410784
1998	535.711	173.026	47.598	81.2	95.549	31.054	108.856059
1999	534.546	176.241	50.99	75.507	105.115	31.613	109.488565
2000	544.335	181.673	53.293	73.621	115.386	32.819	109.059185
2001	556.472	186.003	57.664	77.563	111.277	33.561	107.625807
2002	536.394	187.279	69.358	76.21	109.211	34.97	108.083541
2003	541.222	184.088	77.115	72.848	108.52	34.105	105.997661
2004	526.804	183.635	80.958	85.925	101.655	34.28	108.038754
2005	511.486	187.99	86.946	78.387	92.805	35.84	110.244413
2006	524.295	188.324	89.276	77.39	83.889	42.701	115.499106
2007	545.88	183.032	91.574	74.391	76.074	45.301	116.063252
2008	571.121	174.082	104.66	85.076	73.393	47.2	113.675443
2009	584.336	162.094	108.863	78.587	61.323	49.469	110.683671
2010	603.857	156.304	110.353	90.305	57.941	52.651	109.48031
2011	648.758	157.737	105.75	83.382	46.364	56.398	105.618104
2012	680.796	156.282	119.164	82.069	39.647	54.017	98.855202
2013	685.677	157.456	113.155	86.872	37.35	62.404	97.399859
2014	733.431	164.102	112.877	72.451	38.766	63.35	93.058233
2015	766.524	164.966	121.278	55.043059	40.48	67.501	88.989591
2016	755.264	176.978	120.598	53.139324	41.694	83.597	87.320337
2017	773.301	182.875	128.216	46.280553	42.142	103.061	83.075413
2018p	861.925	189.965974	125.544	38.718703	40.834052	117.852	78.806243
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Demand


In 2018, global demand for natural gas increased by 4.9% compared to 2017, rising to 3922 Billion cubic metres. This was the ninth consecutive year of increase.

OECD countries saw an increase in demand of 4.5%, though this came entirely from the OECD Americas driven by the United States and Canada. Demand for natural gas also increased by 5.3% in non-OECD countries.

The rest of the world has experienced a strong average annual growth rate of natural gas consumption at 7.7% over the last 20 years. This trend has been even stronger in China, where the average increse rate was 13.3% per year over the same period.

	OECD	Non-OECD Europe/Eurasia	Middle East	Asia (including China)	Africa	non-OECD Americas
1973	867.812	287.57	17.298282	13.691118	3.644178	21.996512
1974	874.485	304.621	17.766612	16.911166	3.99493	22.316287
1975	841.371	321.304	19.550475	19.061144	4.655556	22.56498
1976	877.872	346.288	21.859666	21.391694	5.03227	24.088263
1977	884.125	366.321	24.334262	25.183319	6.05221	25.854716
1978	904.363	387.035	25.691108	30.237595	8.165213	26.742648
1979	947.85	406.101	32.935482	33.065379	11.118495	29.447034
1980	938.982	434.509	35.220446	34.612901	14.081517	31.824189
1981	924.427	464.391	42.103701	34.84726	15.945388	32.687928
1982	882.934	498.899	44.740284	37.353313	18.829629	35.843481
1983	862.706	531.884	45.087919	40.928479	21.782404	37.959219
1984	924.769	571.651	51.965943	45.59041	22.295279	41.339721
1985	925.565	614.447	55.02372	51.23128	24.671376	42.395958
1986	900.701	652.366	66.365985	57.123657	27.816763	46.27133
1987	942.986	688.856	73.178949	63.600642	28.500626	47.392119
1988	972.442	718.76	81.113671	68.061319	30.242958	51.181989
1989	1013.263	752.863	92.975177	73.518374	33.239651	54.115003
1990	1039.056975	756.251	86.34084	83.632007	35.385709	54.50271
1991	1074.948051	760.678	90.614488	94.665518	37.769892	56.948899
1992	1090.755447	718.348	99.837717	101.321195	39.48376	58.265205
1993	1133.040593	686.746	111.718436	107.473279	42.611554	59.079517
1994	1160.06082	635.412	125.800527	119.787767	43.149015	61.361065
1995	1217.90803	608.313	132.554582	129.267664	44.675519	66.57927
1996	1281.713515	606.169	136.779137	139.06575	45.857878	75.456906
1997	1312.216311	579.281	147.583148	153.931719	48.461603	78.565294
1998	1318.879391	577.037	157.086023	162.557679	49.639536	83.01296
1999	1356.44679	591.407	167.637516	173.367011	54.843538	83.629171
2000	1408.970594	594.477	174.297926	182.475218	57.019455	90.281162
2001	1392.246316	601.543	186.035481	197.30202	64.682494	91.240316
2002	1431.815344	606.6	201.353697	211.265803	69.30964	95.270315
2003	1444.200071	634.836	213.932308	231.534122	76.227711	102.683803
2004	1469.065447	643.823	233.974159	251.81676	79.677106	111.064914
2005	1479.67168	650.264	253.615531	271.918088	90.334688	116.954423
2006	1483.922186	659.949	276.252218	293.41218	95.532816	121.946933
2007	1540.525588	672.096	299.653285	312.891554	101.912326	126.151324
2008	1558.627344	675.135	328.183582	336.847427	104.131748	138.068116
2009	1513.777108	620.32	338.428749	358.938651	101.951082	133.334239
2010	1618.168888	676.733	369.043726	416.867717	107.300077	147.922304
2011	1614.180951	697.001	389.996049	419.784595	116.089521	142.736088
2012	1646.66953	689.17	408.257059	436.23686	123.015831	151.930829
2013	1660.275228	674.063	417.184166	463.219854	122.75009	158.512471
2014	1630.80822	666.763	442.629352	485.488611	124.179313	164.460067
2015	1658.290581	634.63216	470.77583	498.166378	131.905379	166.475979
2016	1702.867026	631.924309	489.240786	520.426024	140.839725	159.766468
2017	1726.069045	648.08886	511.390296	548.520565	147.646938	158.006309
2018p	1803.020772	677.76051	527.989	601.4632	153.874861	159.235546
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Imports


Global gas trade passed the 1.2 Tcm threshold in 2018, with growth mostly accounted for by the increase in global LNG trade which rose by 7.3%. China has emerged as a clear driver of import growth, increasing by 19.8 Bcm in 2018.

Putting an end to six consecutive years of decrease, Qatar resumed export growth to the OECD area, up 8.0%. Qatar remains the first country of origin of imports for OECD countries, but Australian exports are increasing rapidly, reaching a level only about 5.4 Bcm less than Qatar, with 50.7 Bcm supplied to OECD countries.

LNG imports (bcm) to OECD regions in
2017 2018


	Change 2017 - 2018 provisional
China	19.8
Non-OECD Asia (excluding China)	7.6
OECD Europe	6.2
OECD Asia Oceania	3
Non-OECD Americas	0
OECD Americas	0
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia	0
Middle East	-3.7
Africa	-4.3
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Prices


	Japan and Korea	European Union Member States	United States
2010	11.02	6.38	4.78
2011	13.13	7.60	5.47
2012	16.74	9.57	4.18
2013	16.02	10.59	6.64
2014	16.34	8.83	8.48
2015	10.48	6.55	7.22
2016	7.02	4.78	3.95
2017	8.13	5.45	4.41
2018	9.32	6.79	6.01
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Data service Purchase Natural Gas Information Free overview