Key World Energy Statistics

Key statistics on the supply, transformation and consumption of all major energy sources

Key World Energy Statistics (KWES) is the IEA's introduction to energy data and statistics, including energy indicators, energy balances, prices, RDD budgets, CO2 emissions and forecasts. Explore the highlights below or download KWES as a PDF.


Fuel prices

A spot price is how much is paid for an energy product by an energy trader. The final price paid by a consumer is equal to the spot price plus additional costs including transportation and distribution, taxes and profit margins.

Read the highlights below, or explore further in IEA's World Energy Prices database.


Average key crude oil spot prices, USD/barrel

	Dubai	North Sea	WTI
Jan-93		17.384	
Feb-93		18.464	
Mar-93		18.762	
Apr-93		18.64	
May-93		18.504	
Jun-93		17.653	
Jul-93		16.775	
Aug-93		16.678	
Sep-93		16.002	
Oct-93		16.602	
Nov-93		15.176	
Dec-93		13.712	
Jan-94		14.287	
Feb-94		13.778	
Mar-94		13.831	
Apr-94		15.227	
May-94		16.174	
Jun-94		16.74	
Jul-94		17.591	
Aug-94		16.849	
Sep-94		15.874	
Oct-94		16.492	
Nov-94		17.163	
Dec-94		15.924	
Jan-95		16.559	
Feb-95		17.066	
Mar-95		17.001	
Apr-95		18.635	
May-95		18.313	
Jun-95		17.301	
Jul-95		15.845	
Aug-95		16.09	
Sep-95		16.704	
Oct-95		16.123	
Nov-95		16.835	
Dec-95		17.906	
Jan-96		17.876	
Feb-96		17.983	
Mar-96		19.854	
Apr-96		20.876	
May-96		19.159	
Jun-96		18.446	
Jul-96		19.597	
Aug-96		20.509	
Sep-96		22.559	
Oct-96		24.142	
Nov-96		22.72	
Dec-96		23.824	
Jan-97		23.545	
Feb-97		20.924	
Mar-97		19.149	
Apr-97		17.605	
May-97		19.11	
Jun-97		17.582	
Jul-97		18.439	
Aug-97		18.631	
Sep-97		18.499	
Oct-97		19.945	
Nov-97		19.159	
Dec-97		17.165	
Jan-98		15.18	
Feb-98		14.08	
Mar-98		13.156	
Apr-98		13.548	
May-98		14.427	
Jun-98		12.212	
Jul-98		12.107	
Aug-98		11.922	
Sep-98		13.391	
Oct-98		12.632	
Nov-98		11.049	
Dec-98		9.928	
Jan-99		11.083	
Feb-99		10.286	
Mar-99		12.537	
Apr-99		15.339	
May-99		15.224	
Jun-99		15.903	
Jul-99		18.988	
Aug-99		20.232	
Sep-99		22.577	
Oct-99		21.976	
Nov-99		24.637	
Dec-99		25.453	
Jan-00		25.835	
Feb-00		27.76	
Mar-00		27.285	
Apr-00		22.713	
May-00		27.74	
Jun-00		29.658	
Jul-00		28.5	
Aug-00		29.883	
Sep-00		32.995	
Oct-00		30.983	
Nov-00		32.44	
Dec-00		25.468	
Jan-01		25.681	
Feb-01		27.465	
Mar-01		24.535	
Apr-01		25.59	
May-01		28.4	
Jun-01		27.702	
Jul-01		24.604	
Aug-01		25.71	
Sep-01		25.622	
Oct-01		20.687	
Nov-01		18.888	
Dec-01		18.652	
Jan-02		19.458	
Feb-02		20.175	
Mar-02		23.67	
Apr-02		25.693	
May-02		25.342	
Jun-02		24.274	
Jul-02		25.763	
Aug-02		26.634	
Sep-02		28.453	
Oct-02		27.523	
Nov-02		24.278	
Dec-02		28.413	
Jan-03		31.163	
Feb-03		32.702	
Mar-03		30.39	
Apr-03		24.823	
May-03		25.861	
Jun-03		27.517	
Jul-03		28.382	
Aug-03	27.684	29.744	
Sep-03	25.432	27.082	
Oct-03	27.17	29.619	
Nov-03	27.563	28.746	
Dec-03	28.095	29.828	
Jan-04	28.813	31.169	
Feb-04	28.581	30.808	
Mar-04	30.669	33.73	
Apr-04	31.323	33.24	
May-04	34.518	37.869	
Jun-04	33.619	35.067	
Jul-04	34.783	38.327	
Aug-04	38.376	43.225	
Sep-04	35.61	43.296	
Oct-04	38.386	49.699	
Nov-04	35.169	42.92	
Dec-04	34.245	39.757	
Jan-05	37.939	44.572	
Feb-05	39.892	45.424	
Mar-05	45.78	53.028	
Apr-05	47.21	51.888	
May-05	45.307	48.582	
Jun-05	50.987	54.448	56.624
Jul-05	52.789	57.54	58.679
Aug-05	56.981	64.06	64.968
Sep-05	56.899	62.911	65.556
Oct-05	53.887	58.643	62.349
Nov-05	51.494	55.263	58.473
Dec-05	53.29	56.974	59.418
Jan-06	58.397	63.065	65.478
Feb-06	57.705	60.225	61.781
Mar-06	57.937	62.166	62.9
Apr-06	64.217	70.338	69.586
May-06	65.334	69.702	70.918
Jun-06	65.199	68.739	70.927
Jul-06	69.106	73.715	74.404
Aug-06	68.865	73.355	73.037
Sep-06	59.934	61.795	63.795
Oct-06	56.664	57.882	58.856
Nov-06	56.691	58.92	59.11
Dec-06	58.588	62.385	62.007
Jan-07	51.728	53.674	54.219
Feb-07	55.803	57.476	59.292
Mar-07	58.974	62.161	60.599
Apr-07	63.934	67.409	63.925
May-07	64.582	67.485	63.444
Jun-07	65.852	71.146	67.499
Jul-07	69.79	76.995	74.15
Aug-07	67.367	70.864	72.389
Sep-07	73.225	76.88	79.912
Oct-07	77.28	82.475	85.938
Nov-07	86.762	92.6	94.555
Dec-07	85.795	90.846	91.598
Jan-08	87.039	91.972	92.972
Feb-08	90.236	95.01	95.379
Mar-08	96.931	103.873	105.447
Apr-08	103.767	108.95	112.629
May-08	119.056	123.115	125.372
Jun-08	127.91	132.367	133.922
Jul-08	131.289	133.078	133.38
Aug-08	113.075	113.1	116.637
Sep-08	96.637	98.114	103.943
Oct-08	67.807	71.847	76.599
Nov-08	49.889	52.501	57.297
Dec-08	40.447	40.35	41.228
Jan-09	44.059	43.602	41.748
Feb-09	43.029	43.159	39.119
Mar-09	45.506	46.549	47.988
Apr-09	49.809	50.358	49.813
May-09	57.603	57.457	59.126
Jun-09	69.236	68.613	69.622
Jul-09	64.991	64.635	64.129
Aug-09	71.313	72.875	71.059
Sep-09	67.63	67.465	69.439
Oct-09	73.123	72.764	75.773
Nov-09	77.601	76.651	78.093
Dec-09	75.543	74.319	74.474
Jan-10	76.757	76.204	78.356
Feb-10	73.644	73.691	76.416
Mar-10	77.312	78.924	81.249
Apr-10	83.56	84.891	84.467
May-10	76.852	75.197	73.6
Jun-10	74.042	74.895	75.348
Jul-10	72.661	75.621	76.343
Aug-10	74.197	77.13	76.611
Sep-10	75.229	77.819	75.293
Oct-10	80.21	82.775	81.902
Nov-10	83.534	85.353	84.262
Dec-10	89.109	91.334	89.146
Jan-11	92.517	96.468	89.408
Feb-11	100.342	103.734	89.5
Mar-11	108.766	114.594	102.918
Apr-11	116.056	123.419	109.958
May-11	108.531	114.521	101.287
Jun-11	107.71	113.988	96.239
Jul-11	110.01	116.84	97.307
Aug-11	104.974	110.335	86.322
Sep-11	106.271	112.971	85.577
Oct-11	104.036	109.41	86.403
Nov-11	108.836	110.689	97.141
Dec-11	106.527	107.799	98.564
Jan-12	109.911	110.524	100.282
Feb-12	116.112	119.528	102.215
Mar-12	122.526	125.277	106.152
Apr-12	117.277	119.569	103.289
May-12	107.319	110.252	94.683
Jun-12	94.325	94.801	82.351
Jul-12	99.187	102.565	87.901
Aug-12	108.618	113.36	94.122
Sep-12	111.125	112.954	94.507
Oct-12	108.787	111.6	89.523
Nov-12	107.179	109.16	86.6
Dec-12	106.228	109.403	88.184
Jan-13	107.937	112.966	94.731
Feb-13	111.133	116.309	95.264
Mar-13	105.545	108.448	92.914
Apr-13	101.696	101.92	92.019
May-13	100.346	102.502	94.763
Jun-13	100.29	102.952	95.787
Jul-13	103.463	107.906	104.693
Aug-13	107.042	111.318	106.542
Sep-13	108.247	111.91	106.245
Oct-13	106.583	109.146	100.502
Nov-13	105.897	107.997	93.945
Dec-13	107.901	110.797	97.847
Jan-14	104.02	108.169	94.862
Feb-14	105.001	108.836	100.724
Mar-14	104.3	107.55	100.573
Apr-14	104.704	107.616	102.074
May-14	105.675	109.598	101.863
Jun-14	108.064	111.666	105.236
Jul-14	106.118	106.629	102.922
Aug-14	101.756	101.561	96.375
Sep-14	96.55	97.286	93.206
Oct-14	86.529	87.42	84.403
Nov-14	76.396	78.936	76.34
Dec-14	60.223	62.566	59.474
Jan-15	45.62	47.843	47.266
Feb-15	55.418	58.092	50.605
Mar-15	54.525	56.051	47.785
Apr-15	58.373	59.786	54.46
May-15	63.58	64.351	59.275
Jun-15	61.837	61.627	59.802
Jul-15	56.198	56.481	50.897
Aug-15	47.636	46.602	42.862
Sep-15	45.452	47.612	45.45
Oct-15	45.917	48.511	46.197
Nov-15	41.763	44.259	42.745
Dec-15	34.551	38.129	37.242
Jan-16	26.812	30.749	31.57
Feb-16	29.332	32.463	30.379
Mar-16	35.121	38.494	37.763
Apr-16	39	41.483	40.953
May-16	44.296	46.79	46.717
Jun-16	46.248	48.282	48.741
Jul-16	42.536	44.998	44.691
Aug-16	43.665	45.68	44.75
Sep-16	43.578	46.688	45.197
Oct-16	48.942	49.743	49.889
Nov-16	43.975	45.131	45.615
Dec-16	52.085	53.569	52.016
Jan-17	53.68	54.583	52.507
Feb-17	54.406	55.06	53.402
Mar-17	51.21	51.604	49.583
Apr-17	52.311	52.458	51.061
May-17	50.579	50.42	48.504
Jun-17	46.48	46.423	45.172
Jul-17	47.592	48.505	46.653
Aug-17	50.239	51.635	48.03
Sep-17	53.71	56.072	49.827
Oct-17	55.604	57.285	51.565
Nov-17	60.811	62.631	56.539
Dec-17	61.609	64.138	57.939
Jan-18	66.146	69.125	63.672
Feb-18	62.742	65.155	62.175
Mar-18	62.759	65.895	62.763
Apr-18	68.289	71.799	66.32
May-18	74.419	76.976	69.984
Jun-18	74.13	73.68	65.203
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Notes: based on Argus, copyright © 2018 Argus Media Ltd - All rights reserved.

Average Rotterdam oil product spot prices, USD/barrel

	HFO	Gasoil	Gasoline
Jan-93	12.344	22.405	
Feb-93	12.9375	22.839	
Mar-93	13.1895	23.677	
Apr-93	13.9505	24.064	
May-93	12.983	23.524	
Jun-93	11.3255	22.344	
Jul-93	11.609	21.593	
Aug-93	11.251	21.434	
Sep-93	10.8785	21.822	
Oct-93	10.9445	22.829	
Nov-93	9.991	22.039	
Dec-93	9.0995	19.501	
Jan-94	10.8905	19.339	
Feb-94	12.5005	19.003	
Mar-94	11.6355	18.837	
Apr-94	11.5505	20.222	
May-94	12.6905	20.383	
Jun-94	13.2155	20.31	
Jul-94	14.9025	20.404	
Aug-94	13.8355	20.445	
Sep-94	11.9015	20.249	
Oct-94	14.7595	20.344	
Nov-94	15.888	20.097	
Dec-94	15.2755	18.818	
Jan-95	16.329	19.083	
Feb-95	16.127	19.252	
Mar-95	16.0745	19.813	
Apr-95	16.2895	21.417	
May-95	17.0395	21.172	
Jun-95	14.3215	20.561	
Jul-95	12.865	19.95	
Aug-95	12.3665	20.448	
Sep-95	13.5185	21.076	
Oct-95	13.736	19.947	
Nov-95	14.0165	20.833	
Dec-95	16.551	22.8	
Jan-96	16.5515	22.304	
Feb-96	15.4005	24.7	
Mar-96	16.5625	25.103	
Apr-96	17.6245	24.948	
May-96	15.9135	22.567	
Jun-96	13.7565	22.184	
Jul-96	14.597	24.293	
Aug-96	14.848	25.103	
Sep-96	17.344	30.202	
Oct-96	18.696	31.805	
Nov-96	18.5565	29.415	
Dec-96	18.913	29.297	
Jan-97	16.577	29.617	
Feb-97	14.7025	24.42	
Mar-97	13.49	22.588	
Apr-97	12.777	22.145	
May-97	13.0495	23.336	
Jun-97	13.215	21.959	
Jul-97	13.321	22.219	
Aug-97	14.0725	22.808	
Sep-97	14.353	22.442	
Oct-97	16.0085	24.401	
Nov-97	16.89	23.954	
Dec-97	13.4465	21.565	
Jan-98	11.5185	19.234	
Feb-98	9.915	18.476	
Mar-98	10.097	17.376	
Apr-98	11.513	18.113	
May-98	10.7465	17.306	
Jun-98	10.0975	15.834	
Jul-98	9.9065	15.374	
Aug-98	8.8195	13.908	
Sep-98	9.589	16.418	
Oct-98	10.0895	15.767	
Nov-98	9.078	14.116	
Dec-98	8.33	12.99	
Jan-99	10.0095	13.478	
Feb-99	8.4705	13.048	
Mar-99	9.052	15.94	
Apr-99	10.6465	17.478	
May-99	10.9815	16.305	
Jun-99	11.3745	17.031	
Jul-99	13.6475	20.448	
Aug-99	16.7135	22.864	
Sep-99	17.221	24.976	
Oct-99	18.6825	24.755	
Nov-99	18.808	27.473	
Dec-99	18.5895	28.807	
Jan-00	19.7665	29.542	
Feb-00	21.073	30.451	
Mar-00	21.9825	30.867	
Apr-00	18.27	28.88	
May-00	19.3365	30.547	
Jun-00	22.511	32.224	
Jul-00	21.064	33.704	
Aug-00	19.8985	37.372	
Sep-00	23.974	43.051	
Oct-00	25.296	40.798	
Nov-00	23.2805	41.329	
Dec-00	20.563	34.693	
Jan-01	17.0615	30.707	
Feb-01	17.5195	31.48	
Mar-01	17.135	29.959	
Apr-01	17.025	30.938	
May-01	17.9075	31.772	
Jun-01	17.415	31.555	
Jul-01	17.067	29.907	
Aug-01	18.0225	30.765	
Sep-01	18.98	31.826	
Oct-01	15.452	27.806	
Nov-01	13.8085	23.461	
Dec-01	14.974	21.686	
Jan-02	16.3545	22.139	
Feb-02	15.3375	22.204	
Mar-02	17.9005	25.737	
Apr-02	19.952	27.112	
May-02	20.389	27.122	
Jun-02	19.5235	26.548	
Jul-02	20.74	28.35	
Aug-02	21.417	29.604	
Sep-02	24.322	32.287	
Oct-02	23.076	31.854	
Nov-02	19.7205	29.082	
Dec-02	21.37	33.348	
Jan-03	26.8785	36.21	
Feb-03	27.6195	42.216	
Mar-03	23.585	40.283	
Apr-03	19.103	30.384	
May-03	20.2565	29.526	
Jun-03	22.408	31.074	
Jul-03	25.085	31.651	
Aug-03	24.9985	33.125	
Sep-03	22.094	30.397	
Oct-03	23.1975	34.351	
Nov-03	22.474	34.87	
Dec-03	20.062	35.545	
Jan-04	20.829	37.39	
Feb-04	19.8675	34.806	
Mar-04	21.5005	38.586	
Apr-04	22.929	39.462	
May-04	25.941	43.535	
Jun-04	24.246	42.55	
Jul-04	24.9105	46.806	
Aug-04	24.8705	50.829	
Sep-04	24.272	53.69	
Oct-04	27.011	64.17	
Nov-04	22.0315	58.167	
Dec-04	21.945	52.429	
Jan-05	24.756	52.831	
Feb-05	26.425	55.237	
Mar-05	32.642	65.542	
Apr-05	36.517	65.576	
May-05	34.8785	59.729	
Jun-05	36.151	68.78	
Jul-05	38.8735	70.699	
Aug-05	41.5065	76.834	
Sep-05	45.743	81.648	
Oct-05	42.9225	78.768	
Nov-05	39.5945	67.968	
Dec-05	40.9865	68.128	
Jan-06	44.1165	72.281	
Feb-06	46.514	71.201	
Mar-06	45.964	75.006	
Apr-06	49.073	82.048	
May-06	49.089	83.719	
Jun-06	46.082	83.707	
Jul-06	48.1585	85.038	
Aug-06	48.983	86.768	
Sep-06	41.3565	75.977	
Oct-06	39.8175	72.384	
Nov-06	39.242	71.448	
Dec-06	39.5515	72.84	
Jan-07	34.146	65.362	
Feb-07	37.6555	69.665	
Mar-07	40.282	72.68	
Apr-07	46.4115	78.463	
May-07	48.221	79.439	
Jun-07	50.114	82.262	
Jul-07	55.9765	86.296	
Aug-07	54.553	83.721	
Sep-07	58.077	91.828	
Oct-07	64.384	95.667	
Nov-07	73.8945	111.063	
Dec-07	70.6195	108.213	
Jan-08	69.852	108.669	
Feb-08	70.5455	114.857	
Mar-08	74.832	128.295	
Apr-08	79.498	138.705	
May-08	88.4115	159.731	
Jun-08	96.566	165.227	
Jul-08	109.088	165.725	
Aug-08	95.9585	139.164	
Sep-08	84.0545	127.12	
Oct-08	56.984	98.597	
Nov-08	36.5005	78.366	
Dec-08	31.02	60.653	
Jan-09	35.6245	60.701	46.813
Feb-09	36.3705	53.184	49.112
Mar-09	36.9585	53.782	52.413
Apr-09	42.0755	58.054	59.728
May-09	50.9145	62.603	72.502
Jun-09	58.745	74.712	83.195
Jul-09	58.6875	70.547	74.482
Aug-09	65.961	79.304	83.679
Sep-09	62.8765	73.812	75.935
Oct-09	66.493	80.547	79.344
Nov-09	70.9085	82.516	83.068
Dec-09	68.135	80.963	78.893
Jan-10	70.5725	83.583	83.435
Feb-10	68.186	80.561	81.559
Mar-10	70.0555	88.423	90.972
Apr-10	73.753	95.067	94.845
May-10	67.5585	86.403	85.376
Jun-10	66.4085	87.223	83.625
Jul-10	67.493	85.129	82.622
Aug-10	69.428	86.82	82.476
Sep-10	68.078	89.247	83.883
Oct-10	71.583	95.338	89.901
Nov-10	73.502	96.801	90.923
Dec-10	75.125	101.752	97.962
Jan-11	79.1975	107.148	101.522
Feb-11	88.2765	116.46	106.1
Mar-11	97.596	129.629	115.812
Apr-11	104.627	136.434	131.822
May-11	97.986	124.704	127.468
Jun-11	100.768	125.78	120.286
Jul-11	104.0605	129.247	124.21
Aug-11	98.885	124.815	118.909
Sep-11	99.1405	124.612	119.979
Oct-11	98.914	125.454	113.225
Nov-11	100.85	131.065	109.851
Dec-11	98.3535	124.427	108.897
Jan-12	105.31	127.81	115.852
Feb-12	109.239	134.301	125.471
Mar-12	113.2085	137.205	134.994
Apr-12	110.809	134.618	136.349
May-12	101.7885	125.513	121.813
Jun-12	89.845	112.936	110.961
Jul-12	94.7285	119.093	117.064
Aug-12	103.5275	128.984	128.12
Sep-12	105.2295	132.062	133.448
Oct-12	98.2385	132.835	122.628
Nov-12	92.982	125.661	114.483
Dec-12	91.094	124.097	113.204
Jan-13	97.4745	128.852	118.81
Feb-13	100.807	133.636	128.426
Mar-13	95.2905	122.405	118.798
Apr-13	91.547	115.581	114.019
May-13	92.3055	115.543	113.619
Jun-13	92.7075	117.602	113.801
Jul-13	93.746	122.435	119.446
Aug-13	94.396	125.172	121.802
Sep-13	94.011	125.881	116.952
Oct-13	92.1235	124.905	112.123
Nov-13	90.849	122.876	109.931
Dec-13	92.4045	125.872	113.011
Jan-14	88.6015	122.565	110.831
Feb-14	92.911	123.652	114.096
Mar-14	93.3345	120.926	112.673
Apr-14	92.886	121.468	120.59
May-14	93.4965	121.787	119.572
Jun-14	95.2255	122.143	123.874
Jul-14	91.2905	119.142	120.464
Aug-14	88.0975	116.364	112.832
Sep-14	85.563	111.442	111.129
Oct-14	74.322	100.982	97.027
Nov-14	64.452	94.943	89.012
Dec-14	48.33	76.954	66.201
Jan-15	36.499	63.064	54.197
Feb-15	46.273	74.345	66.098
Mar-15	45.0415	70.271	70.857
Apr-15	48.796	73.77	75.573
May-15	52.3975	79.435	80.722
Jun-15	49.792	76.894	83.631
Jul-15	43.692	68.738	81.213
Aug-15	34.2955	60.186	68.232
Sep-15	32.8435	60.976	60.816
Oct-15	33.474	58.973	56.777
Nov-15	29.689	55.444	56.643
Dec-15	21.5905	44.985	49.726
Jan-16	17.663	37.054	44.865
Feb-16	19.902	39.117	40.928
Mar-16	23.338	45.552	45.604
Apr-16	25.9735	48.794	55.509
May-16	31.5975	55.914	58.931
Jun-16	35.005	58.687	60.601
Jul-16	34.8785	53.175	52.73
Aug-16	35.5765	53.88	54.447
Sep-16	37.9905	55.206	57.001
Oct-16	41.6725	60.912	60.51
Nov-16	38.711	55.98	55
Dec-16	45.935	63.506	61.75
Jan-17	47.448	63.938	64.197
Feb-17	46.7135	65.196	66.038
Mar-17	43.1405	61.089	60.604
Apr-17	45.096	62.875	65.913
May-17	44.057	59.799	62.865
Jun-17	42.6745	55.646	60.036
Jul-17	44.2935	59.088	60.779
Aug-17	46.076	62.246	65.638
Sep-17	49.118	68.892	70.04
Oct-17	49.787	68.647	66.562
Nov-17	54.336	74.126	73.35
Dec-17	53.8675	75.728	71.19
Jan-18	57.282	80.941	76.428
Feb-18	54.6845	76.021	73.626
Mar-18	54.648	77.096	70.162
Apr-18	58.2775	84.197	81.502
May-18	65.498	88.883	87.409
Jun-18	65.208	86.82	86.18
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Notes: based on Argus, copyright © 2018 Argus Media Ltd - All rights reserved.

Average steam coal prices for electricity generation, USD/tonne

	Poland	United States	Japan	Korea
1987	10.94	35.09	80.87	
1988	11.38	33.77	88.91	
1989	5.84	33.2	87.91	
1990	11.39	33.57	81.05	
1991	17.96	33.37	78.57	
1992	18.37	32.48	75.99	
1993	22.77	31.69	75.81	
1994	30.19	31.01	71.29	
1995	31.97	30.14	73.44	
1996	30.65	29.48	69.94	
1997	29.84	29.11	59.68	
1998	32.59	28.64	50.51	
1999	29.07	27.82	44.43	
2000	28.23	27.46	40.92	
2001	31.38	28.18	42.7	
2002	32.22	28.68	39.61	
2003	36.19	29.05		
2004	39.95	30.92		47.63
2005	47.55	35.3		55.1
2006	51.42	38.76		51.45
2007	57.74	40.48		60.31
2008	79.23	47.35		90.97
2009	80.43	50.47		82.54
2010	78.51	51.79		
2011	84.87	54.74		
2012	83.14	54.52		
2013	77.67	53.61		
2014	75.16	54.09		
2015	59.38	50.94		
2016	51.32	48.33		
2017	53.42	47.49		
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Average natural gas import prices, USD/MBtu

	Japan	USA	Belgium	Germany	Spain
1987	3.41475	1.91176			
1988	3.24668	1.79412	2.2108		
1989	3.27017	1.77451	2.12295		
1990	3.64417	1.87255	2.92226		
1991	4.02403	1.77451	3.37742		
1992	3.65	1.8	2.82	2.54	
1993	3.56	1.98	2.51	2.5	2.27
1994	3.21	1.82	2.32	2.39	2.38
1995	3.48	1.45	2.53	2.69	2.72
1996	3.67	1.92	2.81	2.65	2.75
1997	3.91	2.12	2.74	2.74	2.74
1998	3.08	1.91	2.52	2.28	2.25
1999	3.18	2.22	2.06	1.86	1.63
2000	4.73	3.9	2.83	2.83	3.24
2001	4.64	4.35	3.52	3.64	3.93
2002	4.32	3.07	3.03	3.27	3.36
2003	4.82	5.09	3.6925	4.03	4.28
2004	5.23	5.7	4.27	4.4	4.37
2005	6.04	7.94	5.933	5.86	4.19
2006	7.18	6.7	6.371111111	7.83	7.1
2007	7.8	6.7	6.26	8.07	7.25
2008	12.64	8.4	10.7	11.5	9.6
2009	9.23	4.06	4.99	8.47	7.41
2010	11.02	4.38	6.59	8.05	7.49
2011	14.73	4.01	9.18	10.58	9.54
2012	16.74	2.72	9.44	11.05	10.78
2013	16.02	3.66	10.46	10.73	10.59
2014	16.34	5.11	8.27	9.14	10.2
2015	10.48	2.78	6.37	6.58	7.38
2016	7.02	2.14	4.54	4.97	5.18
2017	6.62	2.5	5.75	5.64	5.93
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Notes: LNG in the case of Japan, pipeline gas for USA, Belgium, Germany and Spain

Energy prices in selected OECD countries in USD/unit

Heavy fuel oil for industry
(USD/tonne)
Light fuel oil for households
(USD/1000 litres)
Automotive diesel oil
(USD/litre)
Unleaded premium
(USD/litre)
Natural gas for industry
(USD/MWh GCV)
Natural gas for households
(USD/MWh GCV)
Steam coal for industry
(USD/tonne)
Electricity for industry
(USD/MWh)
Electricity for households
(USD/MWh)
Australia .. .. .. 1.17 .. .. .. .. 237.08
Austria 498.02 897.56 1.16 1.46 34.76 78.50 217.32 103.04 221.90
Belgium 428.93 756.30 1.42 1.76 27.46 61.43 140.53 136.23 319.83
Canada 420.51 892.84 0.82 1.09 .. .. .. 83.76 108.98
Chile .. 1018.71 .. 1.27 c 101.87 .. 140.38 199.33
Czech Republic 405.43 853.13 1.19 1.48 29.56 65.43 c 88.48 163.26
Denmark 679.75 1520.93 1.27 1.87 34.86 94.74 .. 91.77 325.43
Estonia .. 937.47 1.30 1.59 30.67 46.25 .. 94.01 136.29
Finland .. 1150.64 1.32 1.78 46.14 .. 314.96 72.78 182.59
France 628.27 1051.61 1.41 1.80 39.27 80.42 .. 110.64 188.53
Germany 313.97 748.12 1.26 1.65 26.90 74.82 .. 142.94 343.59
Greece 523.99 1219.09 1.29 1.88 .. .. x 107.15 200.43
Hungary 621.92 x 1.14 1.43 26.14 40.82 x 88.65 128.86
Iceland .. 832.23 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Ireland 880.07 827.39 1.29 1.70 36.16 78.32 .. 123.94 240.07
Israel c 1786.85 c 1.83 c x x .. ..
Italy 490.75 1494.19 1.44 1.92 .. .. .. .. ..
Japan 684.08 807.66 0.99 1.33 .. .. 120.48 .. ..
Korea 601.62 843.33 .. 1.74 43.65 58.16 .. 98.51 109.11
Latvia .. 868.75 1.15 1.51 28.64 54.48 .. 124.56 182.84
Luxembourg .. 718.67 1.09 1.44 28.89 45.73 x 76.88 173.37
Mexico 259.21 x 0.82 1.01 .. .. x 88.92 63.76
Netherlands 805.57 1275.23 1.29 1.93 27.22 85.15 .. 86.35 170.86
New Zealand 455.52 .. 0.71 1.56 17.85 90.85 c .. ..
Norway .. 1140.37 1.46 1.92 x x .. 45.53 112.78
Poland 498.80 896.81 1.09 1.37 25.26 50.69 75.81 87.56 164.01
Portugal 812.29 1352.41 1.44 1.84 30.96 88.58 c 123.32 254.42
Slovak Republic 428.96 .. 1.22 1.64 32.48 50.81 .. 128.84 166.44
Slovenia 684.63 1076.77 1.24 1.59 31.18 60.73 c 82.22 178.24
Spain 468.18 859.03 1.16 1.52 26.85 93.67 .. 115.51 292.97
Sweden 1025.06 .. 1.49 1.80 40.77 131.77 .. 62.51 178.34
Switzerland .. 931.47 1.60 1.65 60.65 94.87 96.55 123.79 204.14
Turkey 665.58 1152.86 1.35 1.50 22.01 29.97 70.24 87.51 109.71
United Kingdom c 741.89 1.44 1.68 25.18 55.62 102.58 124.52 202.41
United States 423.72 796.55 0.80 0.76 13.66 36.08 70.25 69.08 129.00

Notes: prices are for 1st quarter 2018 or latest available quarter for oil products, and annual 2017 for other products; heavy fuel oil for industry refers to low sulphur fuel oil, high sulphur fuel oil for Canada, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, Turkey and the United States; automotive diesel oil is for commercial purposes; unleaded premium refers to unleaded premium gasoline (95 RON) or unleaded regular for Japan; GCV refers to gross calorific value; steam coal for industry for Turkey refers to brown coal; .. is not available, x not applicable, and c confidential.