Electricity Statistics

Detailed, comprehensive annual data on electricity and heat

The IEA’s Electricity Information contains time series of electricity and heat data for 36 OECD countries, from 1960 to 2017. Annual statistics are available for detailed supply/demand balances, end-use consumption, electricity trade by partner country, specific autoproducer electricity and heat consumption data, as well as electricity generation capacity by generation type.


Data service Electricity Information 2019 Overview 2019Documentation

Electricity Information 2019 overview


Electricity production

In 2017, world gross electricity production was 2.5% higher than 2016. Year-on-year, global electricity production has grown continuously since 1974, except for between 2008 and 2009, when the global financial crisis caused an appreciable decline in production.

In 2017, the share of production of non-OECD countries reached 57.0% of world electricity generation – more than double the share they held in 1974. Annual production growth between 2000 and 2010 averaged 1.1% in OECD countries, compared with 6.4% in non-OECD countries.

	OECD    	Non-OECD
1974	4533	1766
1975	4621	1908
1976	4941	2055
1977	5147	2171
1978	5385	2322
1979	5576	2463
1980	5684	2615
1981	5750	2721
1982	5708	2850
1983	5920	3002
1984	6209	3213
1985	6443	3378
1986	6544	3573
1987	6819	3784
1988	7094	3974
1989	7495	4119
1990	7736	4164
1991	7922	4257
1992	7985	4305
1993	8163	4417
1994	8388	4500
1995	8643	4687
1996	8890	4868
1997	9013	5037
1998	9239	5170
1999	9437	5381
2000	9824	5695
2001	9709	5928
2002	9992	6258
2003	10109	6736
2004	10358	7258
2005	10607	7771
2006	10683	8405
2007	10880	9040
2008	10911	9406
2009	10530	9720
2010	11001	10615
2011	10960	11366
2012	10947	11882
2013	10954	12547
2014	10902	13040
2015	10945	13455
2016	11023	14072
2017	11051	14670
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	2017
Coal                                     	9863338.544
Oil                                      	841877.591
Natural gas                              	5882824.768
Nuclear                                  	2636029.84
Hydro                                    	4197299.483
Geothermal, tidal, other	122413.903
Wind                                     	1127319.438
Solar                                    	454401.658
Biofuels and waste                       	595571.644
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OECD gross electricity production by source, 1974-2018 provisional

	Coal                                     	Oil                                      	Natural gas                              	Nuclear                                  	Hydro                                    	Solar, wind, geothermal, etc.	Biofuels and waste
1974	36.20	23.80	11.70	5.30	22.60	0.20	0.20
1975	36.50	22.30	11.30	7.30	22.30	0.20	0.20
1976	38.10	22.90	10.60	7.80	20.10	0.20	0.20
1977	37.90	22.40	10.60	9.30	19.40	0.20	0.20
1978	36.90	22.00	10.40	10.40	19.90	0.20	0.20
1979	38.30	19.90	11.00	10.30	20.10	0.20	0.20
1980	40.80	17.50	10.90	10.90	19.50	0.20	0.20
1981	41.30	15.60	10.40	12.70	19.60	0.20	0.20
1982	42.10	13.50	9.80	13.70	20.30	0.20	0.40
1983	42.70	12.20	9.10	14.90	20.50	0.20	0.40
1984	42.00	11.00	9.70	17.00	19.60	0.30	0.40
1985	42.70	9.10	9.20	19.50	18.80	0.30	0.40
1986	42.10	9.20	8.50	21.00	18.40	0.30	0.50
1987	42.20	8.80	8.90	21.70	17.70	0.30	0.50
1988	41.90	9.20	8.40	22.60	17.20	0.30	0.50
1989	40.90	9.80	9.90	22.10	15.80	0.40	1.20
1990	40.10	9.10	10.10	22.60	15.90	0.70	1.60
1991	39.50	9.00	10.30	23.20	16.10	0.70	1.20
1992	39.20	8.90	10.60	23.30	15.90	0.70	1.30
1993	38.90	8.10	10.90	23.60	16.40	0.70	1.30
1994	38.40	8.50	11.90	23.70	15.40	0.70	1.30
1995	37.90	7.50	12.50	23.90	16.10	0.70	1.30
1996	38.50	7.30	12.30	23.90	16.00	0.70	1.30
1997	38.50	7.00	13.30	23.20	15.80	0.70	1.40
1998	38.40	7.00	14.10	23.30	15.00	0.70	1.40
1999	37.70	6.60	15.30	23.60	14.70	0.80	1.40
2000	38.50	6.00	15.80	23.00	14.40	0.90	1.50
2001	37.90	5.80	16.70	23.60	13.50	0.90	1.50
2002	37.80	5.50	17.50	23.00	13.60	1.10	1.60
2003	38.40	5.70	17.70	22.20	13.30	1.20	1.60
2004	37.40	5.20	18.50	22.60	13.20	1.40	1.70
2005	37.30	5.10	19.00	22.30	13.00	1.60	1.80
2006	36.90	4.00	20.20	22.20	13.10	1.80	1.90
2007	36.70	4.20	21.60	21.00	12.50	2.10	1.90
2008	35.90	3.60	22.10	21.00	12.90	2.50	2.00
2009	34.10	3.10	22.90	21.40	13.30	3.00	2.20
2010	34.00	2.80	23.50	20.80	12.90	3.40	2.40
2011	33.20	3.30	24.40	19.00	13.30	4.30	2.50
2012	32.00	3.60	25.50	17.80	13.30	5.00	2.70
2013	32.30	3.10	24.30	17.90	13.50	5.90	2.90
2014	32.00	2.60	24.10	18.20	13.50	6.70	3.00
2015	29.60	2.40	26.00	18.00	13.20	7.60	3.20
2016	27.60	2.20	27.40	17.80	13.40	8.30	3.20
2017	27.20	2.00	27.00	17.70	13.30	9.60	3.30
2018p	25.60	1.80	27.90	17.70	13.40	10.40	3.30
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Electricity consumption

In 2017, world total final electricity consumption reached 21 372 TWh, 2.6% higher than 2016. In 2017, OECD total final electricity consumption was 9 518 TWh, 0.2% higher than in 2016, while final electricity consumption in non-OECD countries was 11 854 TWh, an increase of 4.6% from 2016.

	Industry                      	Transport                     	Residential                   	Commercial and public services	Others*                       
1974	2818.782	127.412	1203.253	813.383	306.314
1975	2825.722	138.647	1316.889	956.24	166.22
1976	3059.326	137.917	1392.074	994.355	181.265
1977	3171.677	142.578	1485.779	1050.241	198.406
1978	3321.677	146.211	1580.104	1097.474	219.562
1979	3471.855	153.11	1643.109	1136.251	239.653
1980	3464.174	161.216	1718.83	1207.511	259.603
1981	3512.511	161.265	1764.329	1264.73	275.092
1982	3399.493	162.681	1818.085	1338.299	301.026
1983	3531.66	166.139	1915.064	1402.535	296.255
1984	3790.728	172.835	2009.165	1476.757	312.705
1985	3859.314	179.673	2097.579	1574.305	313.171
1986	3927.247	184.293	2181.051	1660.414	334.699
1987	4090.349	189.08	2290.271	1757.179	357.433
1988	4307.778	195.26	2370.722	1840.937	375.564
1989	4428.102	199.06	2447.851	1922.218	396.141
1990	4517.579	243.7802	2520.081	1948.99	473.9729
1991	4592.746	237.9746	2646.995	2042.74	492.8238
1992	4565.241	227.7759	2703.663	2089.994	493.934
1993	4545.086	217.1001	2851.33	2186.526	480.6025
1994	4614.669	210.8164	2943.31	2274.158	506.9404
1995	4734.838	209.7867	3054.631	2375.849	501.7883
1996	4817.258	214.3917	3190.62	2495.698	515.5961
1997	4923.356	213.8771	3238.991	2605.821	517.0048
1998	4947.076	209.742	3364.695	2724.181	540.981
1999	5095.999	211.3575	3466.357	2827.741	541.0421
2000	5398.689	218.1121	3565.658	2994.719	523.4285
2001	5395.698	222.7393	3650.881	3094.502	518.9745
2002	5400.292	233.1752	3779.181	3177.292	744.8729
2003	5654.581	247.7885	3912.041	3272.406	789.9619
2004	5978.583	255.8707	4033.631	3412.207	812.3424
2005	6271.22	260.2847	4218.567	3553.866	860.5119
2006	6623.477	267.9284	4330.904	3685.904	920.5546
2007	7009.158	279.8117	4509.99	3849.263	958.0858
2008	7040.17	277.3046	4603.063	3968.505	1001.971
2009	6785.291	277.1113	4709.409	3992.684	1027.515
2010	7435.956	295.0226	4977.482	4162.425	1065.431
2011	7872.917	314.7907	5002.227	4186.792	1133.946
2012	8062.568	319.7426	5121.152	4276.169	1180.751
2013	8315.216	327.1669	5286.25	4350.598	1249.238
2014	8501.974	330.396	5368.955	4371.961	1322.842
2015	8513.489	332.3275	5493.584	4483.778	1378.839
2016	8699.33	349.0515	5679.603	4569.324	1531.612
2017	8944.697	363.6643	5775.265	4637.213	1650.916
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	1974‍-2000	2000‍-2010	2010‍-2017
Industry           	2.2	-0.8	0.2
Transport           	2	-0.6	2.3
Residential           	3.2	2	-0.5
Commercial and public services	4.5	2.1	0.3
Others	3	5.2	2.9
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	Consumption
China	5537.189089
United States	3738.117378
India	1164.006002
Japan	963.903364
Russia	760.884818
Korea	523.237313
Germany	518.959
Canada	508.721333
Brazil	498.512915
France	436.862945
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Electricity trade

Electricity trade between neighbouring countries has become much more common in recent years. In the OECD, imports of electricity grew from 89 TWh in 1974 to 490 TWh in 2018, representing an average annual growth rate of 4.0%, compared to the 2.1% growth in overall electricity supply.

Substantial trade in electricity occurs in OECD Europe, where electricity imports grew at an average annual rate of 4.1% between 1974 and 2018.

	Imports	Exports	Net Trade
1974	70.494	-63.06	7.434
1975	73.734	-68.682	5.052
1976	76.475	-71.329	5.146
1977	81.762	-76.511	5.251
1978	91.551	-86.318	5.233
1979	102.295	-91.43	10.865
1980	106.547	-90.906	15.641
1981	117.063	-101.077	15.986
1982	114.042	-98.635	15.407
1983	139.8	-121.169	18.631
1984	146.618	-125.998	20.62
1985	147.995	-127.388	20.607
1986	145.087	-124.594	20.493
1987	163.6	-138.933	24.667
1988	183.235	-154.901	28.334
1989	202.126	-176.433	25.693
1990	229.353	-222.572	6.781
1991	202.964	-202.733	0.231
1992	201.998	-202.764	-0.766
1993	204.45	-201.801	2.649
1994	199.542	-196.007	3.535
1995	212.293	-209.521	2.772
1996	239.041	-234.452	4.589
1997	236.897	-231.37	5.527
1998	230.647	-228.381	2.266
1999	254.052	-249.711	4.341
2000	289.5714	-287.426	2.145524
2001	296.6553	-286.636	10.01946
2002	319.1906	-308.62	10.57072
2003	332.9772	-323.287	9.689769
2004	321.1893	-311.382	9.807728
2005	365.8924	-350.996	14.89687
2006	352.8713	-335.996	16.87529
2007	354.4031	-351.572	2.831482
2008	336.9522	-325.627	11.32529
2009	321.5118	-310.877	10.63493
2010	333.5521	-311.945	21.60739
2011	361.5947	-348.57	13.02441
2012	385.3661	-383.235	2.131619
2013	379.6843	-363.946	15.73865
2014	411.7329	-399.426	12.30657
2015	436.1845	-424.033	12.15145
2016	406.0388	-390.926	15.11275
2017	408.4693	-407.902	0.567661
2018 estimated	416.4882	-396.232	20.2559
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