Electricity Statistics

Detailed, comprehensive annual data on electricity and heat

The IEA’s Electricity Information contains time series of electricity and heat data for 35 OECD countries, from 1960 to 2017, with worldwide data up to 2016. Annual statistics are available for detailed supply/demand balances, end-use consumption, electricity trade by partner country, specific autoproducer electricity and heat consumption data, as well as electricity generation capacity by generation type.

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Electricity Information 2018 overview


Electricity production

In 2016, world gross electricity production was 2.9% higher than 2015. Year-on-year, global electricity production has grown continuously since 1974, except for between 2008 and 2009, when the economic crisis in OECD countries caused a visible decline in global production.

In 2016, the share of production of non-OECD countries reached 56.2% of world electricity generation – this is double the share they held in 1974. Annual production growth between 2000 and 2010 averaged 1.1% in OECD countries, compared with 6.4% in non-OECD countries.

	OECD    	Non-OECD
1974	4533	1766
1975	4621	1908
1976	4941	2055
1977	5147	2171
1978	5385	2323
1979	5576	2463
1980	5684	2615
1981	5750	2721
1982	5708	2850
1983	5920	3002
1984	6209	3214
1985	6443	3378
1986	6544	3573
1987	6819	3784
1988	7094	3974
1989	7495	4119
1990	7706	4195
1991	7892	4288
1992	7966	4326
1993	8150	4433
1994	8379	4511
1995	8631	4703
1996	8875	4887
1997	9000	5053
1998	9224	5189
1999	9426	5396
2000	9815	5708
2001	9697	5944
2002	9977	6275
2003	10092	6756
2004	10342	7277
2005	10595	7786
2006	10673	8419
2007	10868	9053
2008	10883	9418
2009	10484	9734
2010	10952	10619
2011	10901	11365
2012	10888	11879
2013	10911	12546
2014	10867	13056
2015	10921	13451
2016	11007	14075
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	2016
Coal                                     	9594341
Oil                                      	931351
Natural gas                              	5793896
Nuclear                                  	2605985
Hydro                                    	4170035
Solar/wind/geothermal/tide/other	1415406
Biofuels and waste                       	570574
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OECD gross electricity production by source, 1974-2017 provisional

	Coal	Oil	Natural gas	Nuclear	Hydro	Solar, wind, geothermal, etc	Biofuels and waste
1974	36.19197267	23.77163273	11.7181731	5.340977611	22.64775983	0.166837983	0.162646074
1975	36.50582469	22.26728927	11.34248399	7.256218113	22.27064351	0.180912596	0.176627824
1976	38.12689501	22.94293024	10.62619671	7.796086321	20.14168262	0.17882371	0.187385389
1977	37.91204478	22.38702006	10.57778659	9.319137857	19.4348817	0.171546483	0.197582533
1978	36.85260732	22.03961516	10.40816296	10.42756905	19.91465778	0.158647093	0.198740628
1979	38.33877486	19.86667403	10.97348796	10.32177851	20.10819801	0.182218972	0.208867667
1980	40.80546423	17.46767038	10.87011291	10.9196559	19.49824699	0.203749082	0.235100508
1981	41.2556269	15.57603767	10.3904422	12.69930569	19.62546139	0.215137537	0.237988618
1982	42.14883504	13.48339486	9.75276145	13.72587903	20.29104757	0.213404284	0.384677776
1983	42.65734266	12.22488229	9.088409115	14.91222128	20.49936344	0.230707238	0.387073976
1984	42.00605553	10.99175417	9.747390968	17.02299813	19.57389036	0.250934098	0.406976744
1985	42.68173834	9.051665065	9.227843412	19.54704269	18.79689947	0.275388284	0.419422735
1986	42.09670242	9.208304095	8.500627755	21.04524911	18.37996367	0.31604755	0.453105402
1987	42.20499266	8.760899965	8.901310518	21.69733849	17.6538665	0.330489048	0.451102813
1988	41.8739037	9.201469628	8.380580197	22.57985846	17.16998397	0.317010605	0.477193436
1989	40.85128708	9.772466359	9.853684532	22.10030972	15.84123989	0.40304869	1.177963736
1990	40.21665842	9.060649409	10.03231891	22.44199699	15.96697725	0.696843268	1.584555749
1991	39.7153554	8.906405384	10.26568806	23.07407394	16.13424473	0.702545042	1.201712779
1992	39.34957004	8.943295802	10.57734858	23.15958632	15.90203944	0.721724949	1.34643488
1993	39.0035693	8.133718011	10.92483129	23.46816519	16.44348346	0.734289726	1.291943023
1994	38.51359351	8.465043561	11.90322234	23.6163862	15.42491944	0.740016708	1.336818236
1995	38.03483011	7.549439947	12.44829831	23.81094954	16.08164791	0.725622474	1.34921171
1996	38.60347292	7.273772925	12.22013593	23.7711446	16.05414135	0.743517295	1.333814994
1997	38.60501209	7.039195146	13.24984511	23.1496428	15.82349184	0.750334	1.382479007
1998	38.4823565	7.047414651	14.07974888	23.19905758	15.05076118	0.749727962	1.390933251
1999	37.83131454	6.606218826	15.17294343	23.48083319	14.69160907	0.803260059	1.413820877
2000	38.60709923	6.080673734	15.67066602	22.91607593	14.40351172	0.86580607	1.456167294
2001	38.07539497	5.852719801	16.58421	23.50674378	13.54931668	0.936876129	1.494738638
2002	37.88431393	5.601818315	17.35704978	22.86868804	13.65712153	1.061101624	1.569906784
2003	38.50308398	5.769229435	17.58262915	22.08260433	13.27557927	1.205847529	1.581026297
2004	37.54666639	5.21929649	18.44368792	22.47148673	13.25244203	1.392889556	1.673530892
2005	37.43603538	5.064889589	18.94903407	22.19554277	12.98778094	1.593697734	1.773019523
2006	37.06196764	3.975917589	20.10596838	22.12198347	13.08853103	1.787882604	1.85774929
2007	36.80650456	4.18796915	21.5237218	20.96347462	12.5086814	2.088155568	1.921492888
2008	35.99178706	3.636903269	22.02415181	20.95726939	12.92476314	2.460729424	2.004395915
2009	34.26124403	3.085693575	22.77203859	21.38556624	13.30021127	3.017306583	2.177939711
2010	34.11863027	2.81760781	23.38934327	20.89423797	12.99072156	3.455344848	2.334114275
2011	33.23921035	3.191814933	24.29361894	19.14535781	13.34735454	4.309364815	2.473278614
2012	32.06380695	3.583784397	25.32182909	17.92390906	13.37629745	5.065743462	2.664638775
2013	32.48502625	3.085038549	24.13163977	17.98583267	13.54874112	5.957971304	2.805750338
2014	32.05371811	2.524742671	24.02738212	18.22327613	13.4779231	6.688315776	3.004651295
2015	29.6712718	2.351213689	25.9545602	18.0474257	13.21032199	7.621675235	3.143531388
2016	27.65310929	2.207364909	27.28724871	17.85649489	13.41361915	8.372320153	3.209842894
2017 provisional	27.29447938	2.04276806	26.79808592	17.6832271	13.28836168	9.645260641	3.247817215
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Electricity consumption

In 2016, world total final electricity consumption reached 20 863 TWh, 3.2% higher than 2015. In 2016, OECD total final electricity consumption was 9 512 TWh, 1.4% higher than in 2015, while final electricity consumption in non-OECD countries was 11 351 TWh, an increase of 4.8% from 2015.

	Industry                      	Transport                     	Residential                   	Commercial and public services	Others*                       
1974	2818.782	127.412	1203.253	813.37	309.429
1975	2825.722	138.647	1316.889	956.225	169.326
1976	3059.326	137.917	1392.074	994.344	183.197
1977	3171.691	142.578	1485.779	1050.222	200.215
1978	3321.748	146.211	1580.115	1097.457	221.235
1979	3471.938	153.11	1643.121	1136.232	241.502
1980	3464.259	161.216	1718.844	1207.484	261.384
1981	3512.608	161.265	1764.444	1264.701	276.716
1982	3399.583	162.681	1818.202	1338.265	302.659
1983	3531.752	166.139	1915.183	1402.491	297.926
1984	3790.823	172.835	2009.283	1476.721	314.587
1985	3859.411	179.673	2097.698	1574.252	315.327
1986	3927.368	184.293	2181.172	1660.371	337.054
1987	4090.495	189.08	2290.393	1757.063	359.824
1988	4307.935	195.26	2370.841	1840.822	378.023
1989	4428.264	199.06	2447.97	1922.108	398.739
1990	4509.936	243.773	2519.705	1944.902	479.547
1991	4584.698	237.972	2646.609	2038.619	498.596
1992	4557.182	227.783	2703.199	2087.807	497.793
1993	4536.538	217.106	2850.793	2182.868	484.929
1994	4605.319	210.82	2942.767	2270.633	511.339
1995	4724.664	209.788	3054.385	2371.899	506.647
1996	4806.805	214.395	3189.845	2491.841	520.997
1997	4912.995	213.876	3238.156	2602.29	521.805
1998	4936.084	209.74	3363.98	2720.869	545.772
1999	5084.492	211.335	3466.533	2827.013	542.154
2000	5379.012	216.341	3565.86	2983.184	526.022
2001	5377.583	219.494	3653.728	3085.135	522.038
2002	5382.476	228.459	3782.264	3167.954	749.05
2003	5635.225	241.68	3915.765	3260.531	796.714
2004	5960.108	248.457	4038.121	3402.231	821.887
2005	6249.384	252.293	4221.175	3537.43	869.966
2006	6602.823	260.16	4333.122	3669.654	928.235
2007	6986.669	271.977	4510.537	3831.185	965.045
2008	7018.337	270.192	4604.105	3948.913	1008.887
2009	6763.658	270.751	4706.215	3969.325	1042.575
2010	7417.563	291.342	4972.421	4139.884	1079.078
2011	7851.633	312.434	4995.933	4169.291	1146.325
2012	8040.114	318.943	5115.481	4259.39	1191.589
2013	8301.784	327.43	5282.926	4352.09	1260.079
2014	8491.909	331.948	5366.618	4383.62	1331.721
2015	8505.529	337.624	5479.78	4501.644	1383.567
2016	8684.057	357.414	5680.554	4599.877	1541.581
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	1974‍-2000	2000‍-2010	2010‍-2016
Industry           	2.139767975	-0.795646011	0.166717984
Transport           	2.000365751	-0.575202113	2.357758298
Residential           	3.19206977	1.950827677	-0.398260905
Commercial and public services	4.509292487	2.084420922	0.535336556
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	Consumption
People's Republic of China	5177.042002
United States	3807.710997
India	1109.992995
Japan	967.3489985
Russian Federation	744.6839957
Germany	517.3769948
Korea	517.270999
Brazil	491.1150011
Canada	474.6769963
France	442.3719964
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Electricity trade

Electricity trade between neighbouring countries has become much more common in recent years. In the OECD, imports of electricity grew from 89 TWh in 1974 to 474 TWh in 2017, representing an average annual growth rate of 4.0%, compared to the 2.1% growth in overall electricity supply.

Substantial trade in electricity occurs in OECD Europe, where electricity imports grew at an average annual rate of 4.1% between 1974 and 2017.

	Imports	Exports
1974	70.494	-63.06
1975	73.734	-68.682
1976	76.475	-71.329
1977	81.762	-76.511
1978	91.551	-86.318
1979	102.295	-91.43
1980	106.547	-90.906
1981	117.063	-101.077
1982	114.042	-98.635
1983	139.8	-121.169
1984	146.618	-125.998
1985	147.995	-127.388
1986	145.087	-124.594
1987	163.6	-138.933
1988	183.235	-154.901
1989	202.126	-176.433
1990	224.815	-206.059
1991	199.239	-186.259
1992	196.66	-192.123
1993	198.714	-193.334
1994	192.428	-189.992
1995	207.023	-201.573
1996	234.859	-225.111
1997	232.373	-223.321
1998	226.075	-217.727
1999	249.159	-242.136
2000	284.421	-280.94
2001	292.213	-278.23
2002	314.659	-297.602
2003	328.833	-311.613
2004	316.896	-299.894
2005	360.293	-342.388
2006	347.392	-329.583
2007	348.904	-344.098
2008	331.304	-319.021
2009	316.728	-303.161
2010	325.368	-309.856
2011	353.504	-347.223
2012	377.141	-381.622
2013	371.612	-362.818
2014	403.212	-398.528
2015	427.982	-423.21
2016	394.613	-387.975
2017 estimated	396.375	-404.439
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