IEA (2020), Tracking Industry 2020, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/tracking-industry-2020
Tracking progress 2020
Final energy use in pulp and paper grew by an average 0.3% annually during 2000-18, while paper and paperboard output increased 1.4% annually. In the SDS, energy use declines 0.6% per year to 2030 but annual paper and paperboard production expands 1.2%. This situation will necessitate greater recycling, as recycled production requires considerably less energy. Using a higher share of bioenergy and adopting waste heat recovery technologies will also be important.