IEA (2020), Tracking Fuel Supply 2020, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/tracking-fuel-supply-2020
Tracking progress 2020
Around 145 bcm of natural gas were flared in 2018, a slight increase from levels in previous years and broadly equal to gas demand across the continent of Africa. This resulted in emissions of roughly 275 MtCO2, as well as some methane emissions (from uncombusted portions of flares) and other GHGs such as black carbon and nitrogen oxide. Russia, Iraq, Iran, Algeria and the United States were responsible for more than half of global flaring. Several field trials have demonstrated viable technologies to reduce flaring, but at root the issue of flaring is also a question of business models. If there is inadequate provision for productive use of the gas at the project planning stage, including the necessary gas infrastructure, then finding a technology fix later on is much more difficult. There is an increasing number of voluntary government and industry commitments to eliminate flaring by 2030. The SDS relies on a rapid reduction in flaring, with government policies and industry commitment all but eliminating it by 2025.