Tracking Buildings 2020

Not on track
Tracking buildings

Appliances and equipment

More efforts needed

Consumption by household appliances and plug loads by region in the Sustainable Development Scenario, 2000-2030


Tracking progress 2020

Electricity consumption by household appliances continues to increase. It reached over 3 000 TWh in 2019 and accounted for 15% of global final electricity demand, or one-quarter of electricity used in buildings. Demand is driven by rising ownership of connected plug-load devices, especially in developing countries that are becoming wealthier. Mandatory Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) cover one-third of the energy used, mainly for large household appliances, but smaller plug loads, including consumer electronics, are less well regulated. Greater policy coverage and stringency will be needed to realise the SDS.