Key World Energy Statistics 2020

In this report

IEA Key World Energy Statistics (KWES) is an introduction to energy statistics, providing top-level numbers across the energy mix, from supply and demand, to prices and research budgets, including outlooks, energy indicators and definitions.

KWES is part of the IEA's annual edition of the world’s most comprehensive series of energy databases and data services, which include World Energy Statistics and Balances and the full range of fuel information data services.

Supply

World total energy supply by source, 1971-2018

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Global share of total energy supply by source, 2018

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Global share of total energy supply by source, 1973

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OECD total energy supply by source, 1971-2019

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OECD share of total energy supply by source, 2019

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OECD share of total energy supply by source, 1973

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World total energy supply by region, 1971-2018

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Share of total energy supply by OECD region, 2018

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Share of total energy supply by OECD region, 1973

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World total energy supply by IEA region, 1971-2018

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IEA regional share of total energy supply, 2018

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IEA regional share of total energy supply, 1973

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World total energy supply by region, 1990-2018

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Regional share of total energy supply, 2018

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Regional share of total energy supply, 1990

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OECD total energy supply by region, 1971-2019

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OECD regional share of total energy supply, 2019

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OECD regional share of total energy supply, 1973

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Oil

World crude oil production by region, 1971-2019

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Regional share of crude oil production, 2019

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Regional share of crude oil production, 1973

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Includes production of crude oil, NGL, feedstocks, additives and other hydrocarbons. Excludes liquids from other fuel sources (renewables, coal and natural gas).

Producers

Mt

% of world total

United States

742

16.7

Russian Federation

560

12.6

Saudi Arabia

546

12.3

Canada

265

6.0

Iraq

234

5.3

People's Rep. of China

192

4.3

United Arab Emirates

189

4.3

Islamic Rep. of Iran

146

3.3

Brazil

145

3.3

Kuwait

144

3.2

Rest of the world

1 276

28.7

World

4 439

100.0

Notes: 2019 provisional data. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020.

Net exporters

Mt

Saudi Arabia

368

Russian Federation

260

Iraq

190

Canada

148

United Arab Emirates

125

Islamic Rep. of Iran

106

Kuwait

105

Nigeria

93

Kazakhstan

70

Angola

67

Others

550

Total

2 082

Net importers

Mt

People's Rep. of China

459

United States

292

India

226

Korea

151

Japan

151

Germany

85

Spain

67

Italy

63

Netherlands

61

Singapore

55

Others

525

Total

2 135

Notes: 2018 data.

Natural gas

World natural gas production by region, 1971-2019

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Regional share of natural gas production, 2019

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Regional share of natural gas production, 1973

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Net exports and net imports include pipeline gas and LNG.

Producers

bcm

% of world total

United States

955

23.4

Russian Federation

750

18.3

Islamic Rep. of Iran

232

5.7

People’s Rep. of China

178

4.4

Canada

177

4.3

Qatar

168

4.1

Australia

142

3.5

Norway

119

2.9

Saudi Arabia

98

2.4

Algeria

91

2.2

Rest of the world

1 179

28.8

World

4 089

100.0

Notes: 2019 provisional data. Sources: IEA, Natural Gas Information, 2020.

Net exporters

bcm

Russian Federation

265

Qatar

124

Norway

113

Australia

95

United States

54

Turkmenistan

52

Canada

51

Algeria

43

Nigeria

29

Malaysia

24

Others

203

Total

1 053

Net importers

bcm

People’s Rep. of China

122

Japan

105

Germany

103

Italy

71

Mexico

57

Korea

54

Turkey

44

France

44

United Kingdom

39

Spain

36

Others

324

Total

999

Notes: 2019 provisional data.

Coal

World coal production by region, 1971-2019

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Regional share of coal production, 2019

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Regional share of coal production, 1973

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Includes steam coal, coking coal, lignite and recovered coal.

Producers

Mt

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

3 693

46.6

India

769

9.7

United States

640

8.1

Indonesia

616

7.8

Australia

503

6.4

Russian Federation

418

5.3

South Africa

254

3.2

Germany

131

1.7

Poland

112

1.4

Kazakhstan

105

1.3

Rest of the world

680

8.5

World

7 921

100.0

Notes: 2019 provisional data. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020; IEA, Coal Information, 2020.

Net exporters

Mt

Indonesia

448

Australia

393

Russian Federation

189

South Africa

78

United States

78

Colombia

71

Mongolia

28

Canada

28

Kazakhstan

25

Mozambique

10

Others

4

Total

1 352

Net importers

Mt

People’s Rep. of China

296

India

246

Japan

185

Korea

130

Chinese Taipei

67

Viet Nam

43

Germany

41

Turkey

38

Malaysia

35

Thailand

23

Others

235

Total

1 339

Notes: 2019 provisional data.

Nuclear

World nuclear electricity production by region, 1971-2018

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Regional share of nuclear electricity production, 2018

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Regional share of nuclear electricity production, 1973

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Excludes countries with no nuclear production.

Producers

TWh

% of world total

United States

841

31.0

France

413

15.2

People’s Rep. of China 

295

10.9

Russian Federation

205

7.5

Korea

134

4.9

Canada

101

3.7

Ukraine

84

3.1

Germany

76

2.8

Sweden

69

2.5

United Kingdom

65

2.4

Rest of the world

427

16.0

World

2 710

100.0

Notes: 2018 data. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020; IEA, Electricity Information, 2020.

Net installed capacity

GW

United States

99

France

63

People’s Rep. of China 

43

Japan 

37

Russian Federation

27

Korea

22

Canada

14

Ukraine

13

Germany

10

United Kingdom

9

Rest of the world

60

World

397

Sources: International Atomic Energy Agency

Country
(top ten producers)

% of nuclear in total domestic electricity generation

France

71.0

Ukraine

52.8

Sweden

42.0

Korea

22.6

United Kingdom

19.5

United States

18.9

Russian Federation

18.4

Canada

15.4

Germany

11.8

People’s Rep. of China 

4.1

Rest of the world

7.6

World

10.1

Notes: 2018 data.

Hydroelectricity

World hydroelectricity production by region, 1971-2018

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Regional share of hydroelectricity production, 2018

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Regional share of hydroelectricity production, 1973

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Includes electricity production from pumped storage. Excludes countries with no hydro production.

Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

1 232

28.5

Brazil

389

9.0

Canada

386

8.9

United States

317

7.3

Russian Federation

193

4.5

India

151

3.5

Norway

140

3.2

Japan

88

2.0

Viet Nam

84

1.9

France

71

1.6

Rest of the world

1 274

29.6

World

4 325

100.0

Notes: 2018 data. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020; IEA, Renewables Information, 2020.

Net installed capacity

GW

People’s Rep. of China

352

Brazil

105

United States

103

Canada

81

Russian Federation

51

Japan

50

India

49

Norway

33

Turkey

28

France

26

Rest of the world

414

World

1 293

Sources: IEA, Renewable energy market update, United Nations Statistics Division.

Country
(top ten producers)

% of hydro in total domestic electricity generation

Norway

95.0

Brazil

64.7

Canada

59.0

Viet Nam

34.9

Russian Federation

17.3

People’s Rep. of China

17.2

France

12.1

India

9.6

Japan

8.4

United States

7.1

Rest of the world

15.6

World

16.2

Notes: 2018 data. Includes electricity produced from pumped storage. Rest of the world excludes countries with no hydro production.

Wind

World wind electricity production by region, 2005-2018

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Regional share of wind electricity production, 2018

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Regional share of wind electricity production, 2005

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Excludes countries with no wind production.

Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

366

28.7

United States

276

21.7

Germany

110

8.6

India

64

5.0

United Kingdom

57

4.5

Spain

51

4.0

Brazil

48

3.8

Canada

33

2.6

France

29

2.2

Turkey

20

1.6

Rest of the world

220

17.3

World

1 273

100.0

Notes: 2018 data. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020; IEA, Renewables Information, 2020; IEA, Renewable Energy Market Update.

Net installed capacity

GW

People’s Rep. of China

184.3

United States

94.5

Germany

58.8

India

35.3

Spain

23.4

United Kingdom

21.8

France

14.9

Brazil

14.4

Canada

12.8

Italy

10.2

Rest of the world

92.4

World

562.9

Country
(top ten producers)

% of wind in total domestic electricity generation

Spain

18.5

Germany

17.1

United Kingdom

17.1

Brazil

8.1

Turkey

6.5

United States

6.2

People’s Rep. of China

5.1

Canada

5.1

France

4.9

India

4.1

Rest of the world

2.5

World

4.8

Notes: 2018 data. Rest of the world excludes countries with no wind production.

Solar

World solar PV electricity production by region, 2005-2018

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Regional share of solar PV electricity production, 2018

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Regional share of solar PV electricity production, 2005

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Excludes countries with no solar PV production.

Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

177

31.9

United States

81

14.7

Japan

63

11.3

Germany

46

8.3

India

40

7.2

Italy

23

4.1

United Kingdom

13

2.3

France

11

1.9

Australia

10

1.8

Korea

9

1.7

Rest of the world

81

14.8

World

554

100.0

Notes: 2018 data. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2020; IEA, Renewables Information, 2020; IEA, Renewable Energy Market Update.

Net installed capacity

GW

People’s Rep. of China

175.1

United States

62.5

Japan

56.2

Germany

45.2

India

28.3

Italy

20.1

United Kingdom

13.1

Australia

11.0

France

9.6

Korea

8.1

Rest of the world

66.4

World

495.4

Country
(top ten producers)

% of solar PV in total domestic electricity generation

Italy

7.8

Germany

7.1

Japan

5.9

United Kingdom

3.9

Australia

3.8

India

2.5

People’s Rep. of China

2.5

United States

1.8

France

1.8

Korea

1.6

Rest of the world

0.9

World

2.1

Notes: 2018 data. Rest of the world excludes countries with no solar PV production.