Country:United States
Policy status:Superseded
Date Effective:2008
Date Ended:2012
Policy Type:Research, Development and Deployment (RD&D), Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Tax relief, Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Grants and subsidies
Policy Target:Energy Sector>Energy Efficiency / Demand Reduction, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable>Geothermal, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable>Bioenergy, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable>Hydropower, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable>Solar Photovoltaic, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable>Solar Thermal, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable>Wind
Agency:US Department of Agriculture
Legal References:Public Law 110-234, 122 Stat. 923, enacted May 22, 2008, H.R. 2419, also known as the 2008 U.S. Farm Bill. Vetoed by President Bush; overridden by Congress.

The Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 governs the majority of Federal agriculture and related programmes for the next 5 years, including rural energy efficiency initiatives, and initiatives to encourage the production and use of agricultural and renewable energy sources. The Act provided for the continuation of many agricultural, biomass, and bioenergy programmes through fiscal year 2012. It extended the alcohol fuels credit to cellulosic biofuel (Sec. 15321), established the Biomass Research and Development Initiative to award grants and financial assistance for the research of biofuels and biobased products (Sec. 9001), and extended the Conservation Reserve Program and the Wetlands Reserve Program through the 2012 fiscal year (Secs. 2101, 2203). For energy efficiency and renewable energy programmes, the Act clarifies that loans can be made for energy efficiency purposes and redefines eligible renewable energy sources, including wind, hydropower, solar and geothrmal. It authorizes deferment of principal and interest payments on existing loans so that borrowers can make loans to residential, commercial, and industrial consumers to install energy-efficient measures or devices that reduce demand on electric systems for 60 months. It also allows for various loans for renewable energy generation. The 2008 Act also mandates a study on electric power generation needs of rural areas, looking at rural electric cooperatives issues, financing issues, impact of electricity costs on consumers and local economic development, and ability of fuel feedstock technology to meet regulatory requirements, such as carbon capture and sequestration.

This record supersedes:Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171)

Last modified: Wed, 14 May 2014 15:49:42 CEST