Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2015
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy

The 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Paris in November and December 2015. 195 participating countries negotiated and adopted the Paris Agreement, which includes objectives to peak greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible, to limit the global average temperature increase above pre-industrial levels to well below 2°C, and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C.

The Paris Agreement, which entered into force on 4 November 2016, requires Parties to put forward their best efforts through “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs). These NDCs represent targets and actions for the post-2020 period. 

Singapore's first NDC includes aims to:

  • reduce emissions intensity (CO2 emissions per unit of GDP [S$ GDP, 2010]) by 36% from 2005 levels by 2030, from 0.176 kgCO2e/S$ to 0.113 kgCO2e/S$.
  • stabilise emissions with the aim of peaking around 2030.

Last modified: Thu, 02 Nov 2017 17:11:54 CET