Policy status:In Force
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy

In Copenhagen, December 2009, the 15th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP15) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held.  The conference resulted in the ‘Copenhagen Accord’ containing several key elements on which there was strong convergence of the views of governments. This included the long-term goal of limiting the maximum global average temperature increase to no more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, subject to a review in 2015. There was, however, no agreement on how to do this in practical terms. It also included a reference to consider limiting the temperature increase to below 1.5 degrees - a key demand made by vulnerable developing countries.

The Copenhagen Accord includes non-biding commitments of Annex I Parties to implement individually or jointly the quantified economy-wide emissions targets for 2020. It also includes mitigation actions pledges made by non-Annex I Parties. Nevertheless, these commitments as well as any others provisions of the Accord do not have any legal standing within the UNFCCC process.

Russia, an Annex I Party to the UNFCCC, communicated to the UNFCCC Secretariat that it will reduce its GHG emissions by 15-25% by 2020 compared to the 1990 level. The range of the reduction will depend on:

- accounting of the potential of Russia’s forestry in frame of contribution in meeting the obligations of the anthropogenic emission reduction;

- undertaking by all major emitters the legally binding obligations to reduce anthropogenic GHG emission. 

Last modified: Thu, 22 Aug 2013 15:52:24 CEST