Policy status:Superseded
Date Effective:2007
Date Amended:



Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Multiple RE Sources>All
Policy Sector:Electricity, Framework Policy
Size of Plant Targeted:Small and Large
Agency:Ministry of Economy of Trade and Industry (METI)

In July 2001 the Japanese government revised its Long term Energy Supply and Demand Outlook so as to meet its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. The revised outlook emphasises the following areas: Further promotion of energy efficiency and conservation policies; Additional introduction of renewable energy; Fuel switching. In 2007 the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Subcommittee under the Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy summarised the future direction of the energy saving measures that would be implemented in Japan as follows:

I. Tightening of regulations

Introduction of company-based energy management revising the legal structure to incorporate comprehensive "company-based" energy management in addition to the "factory-based" regulations, such as the submission of periodical reports, under the current Energy Conservation Act. This designates energy conservation efforts as a key part of business management. Introduction of energy management into franchise chain stores, such as convenience stores, in which the entire chain of stores are considered as a single unit. The ratio of the targets covered by the law in the industrial sector will be considerably expanded from the current ratio of approximately 10%. Introduction of sectoral benchmarking Promoting objective measurement and evaluation, and visualisation tools for energy conservation efforts in major industrial sectors. For example, the energy consumption amount per ton of crude steel in the iron and steel industry (blast furnaces), and the energy consumption amount per floor area in office buildings. Improvement of the energy efficiency of houses and buildings, and imposing the regulations on the smaller houses and buildings (smaller than 2000 m2) Enhancement of the measures for larger houses and buildings (larger than 2000 m2), and improvement in both evaluation and labelling of energy efficiency, designed so as to be easily understood by consumers. Expansion of the Top Runner Program Including industrial equipment such as complex machines, industrial refrigerators and showcases in the programme (which currently has 31 target products).

II. Improvement of support measures 

Establishment of "Joint Energy Saving Business" by multiple companies. Energy saving efforts made collaboratively between smaller companies and large enterprises, and the energy saving efforts made cooperatively in industrial complexes are considered a "Joint Energy Saving Business"; the system to evaluate these efforts has been established. Enhancement of the support for energy saving measures (focusing on smaller companies, and the industrial and household sectors) Promotion of energy saving efforts in smaller companies using both the Energy Audit and ESCO. Promotion of energy-saving buildings (improvement of "Tax Scheme for Promoting Investment in the Reform of the Energy Demand-Supply Structure"). Promotion of widespread use of high-efficient household water heaters and home renovation for energy saving, through, for example the House Energy Saving Renovation Tax System. Promotion of innovative technology development Promotion of innovative energy conservation technology development, for example iron-making process by hydrogen reduction.

III. Enhancement of information dissemination and influencing behaviour

Establishing an Energy-Efficient Household Appliance Promotion Forum Other national promotional and public awareness campaigns Raising peoples awareness of energy use in the household, promotion of the "Lo-House" Concept. Implementation of Eco Driving.  

In November 2011, Agency of Natural Resources and Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Department issued “Energy Conservation Policies of Japan”.  In this paper programs for energy conservation policies are classified roughly into categories of "industrial sector", "consumer sector (commercial and household)" and "transportation sector". And strategies are implemented from both aspects of regulation and support (budget, tax programs, etc.) in the respective sectors according to the Act on the Rational Use of Energy. Development of energy conserving technologies and nationwide activities intended to improve energy awareness have been implemented as support across fields.

Based on Basic Energy Plan that was revised in April 2014, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry(METI) revised “Long term Energy Supply and Demand Outlook” in July 2015. In this paper regarding energy conservation, the final energy demand should be saved as much as 50.3 billion liters (crude oil equivalent) at 2030. By sector, savings from transport will amount to 16,070 thousand kilo liters, followed by commercial at 12,260 thousand kilo liters, residential sector 11,600 thousand kilo liters and industry at 10,420 thousand kilo liters. Those figures indicate that 35% improvement of final energy intensity needs to be achieved from 2012 to 2030.

In order to accomplish that goal, and to discuss the details of the energy conservation and efficiency measures to realize the Basic Energy Plan, METI discussed the energy efficiency and conservation policy in the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Subcommittee which is under the Strategic Policy Committee of the Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy, and after the consideration over the 15 times subcommittees' meetings, the arrangement of the policy for energy efficiency and conservation in the industrial, commercial, residential, and transport sectors, was decided. In November 2015, Prime Minister ordered the goverment to support the effort of small and medium-sized enterprises more, and to promote energy efficiency and conservation of houses.


The review of Japanese Energy Policy resulted in the “Strategic Energy Policy” in 2014. This plan is the basis for the orientation of Japan’s new energy policy, considering the dramatic changes in energy environments inside and outside Japan, including those caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent accidents at TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.

This record is superseded by:Strategic Energy Plan (2014)

Last modified: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 12:36:03 CET