Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2013
Policy Type:Regulatory Instruments, Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Multiple RE Sources
Policy Sector:Framework Policy, Multi-sectoral Policy
Agency:Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico - Ministry of Economic Developnment
Legal References:Interministerial Decree March 8, 2013 - National Energy Strategy

Economic development Ministry has set the Italian Energy Strategy for the 2030, for significantly reduce the energy cost gap, achieve and exceed the environmental and decarbonisation targets, continue to improve our security of supply, foster sustainable economic growth.

In order to attain these results the strategy has been broken down into seven priorities, each with its specific supporting measures that have already been set in motion or are currently being defined:

  • Energy efficiency,
  • Competitive gas market and Hub Southern Europe,
  • Sustainable development of renewable energy,
  • Development of electricity infrastructure and the electricity market,
  • Restructuring the refining industry and the fuel distribution sector,
  • Sustainable production of domestic hydrocarbons, Modernization of the system governance.

Once the strategy has been implemented, the system will be able to evolve, gradually but significantly, and to surpass the 20-20-20 European targets. The results expected by 2020 are the education of fuel consumption and an evolution of the energy mix with a focus on renewables.


  • Specifically, a reduction of 24% in primary consumption is foreseen compared to the inertial performance by 2020 (i.e. 4% compared to 2010), exceeding the European targets of 20%, mainly thanks to energy efficiency measures.
  • In terms of the energy mix, we expect a 19-20% share of renewable energy in gross final consumption (compared to about 10% in 2010). The share of renewables on primary energy consumption will be equivalent to 23%, while there is a reduction from 86 to 76% of fossil fuels. In addition, it is expected that renewables will reach or exceed the levels of gas as source number one in the electricity sector, accounting for approximately 34-38% of consumption (compared to 23% in 2010).

As regards the long and very-long term (2030-2050), environmental challenges, competitiveness, and security will require a more radical change of the system, which will largely involve not only the energy sector, but the entire functioning of society.

An analysis of possible evolutionary scenarios for the country – at present knowledge - to achieve the decarbonisation targets, allows us to more accurately identify the common implications that should guide the sector in its long-term choices, and to be taken into account in the choices we make today. Among the most important:

  • The need to strengthen efforts in energy efficiency. Primary consumption will have to fall in the range of 17-26% by 2050 compared to 2010, by decoupling economic growth from energy consumption. In particular, efforts in building and transport will be critical.
  • The high penetration of renewable energy, than in any of the scenarios envisaged at the time is expected to reach levels of at least 60% of gross final consumption by 2050, with much higher levels in the electricity sector. In addition to the need of research and development for the reduction of costs, it will be fundamental to rethinking the market and network infrastructure.
  • A substantial increase in the degree of electrification, which will almost double by 2050, reaching at least 38%, particularly in electricity and transport.
  • The key role of gas for the energy transition, despite a reduction of its weight both in percentage and in absolute value in the span of the scenario.
Related Documents:

In order to doanload full version of the Italy’s National Energy Strategy please click here.

Last modified: Wed, 10 May 2017 18:29:31 CEST