Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2008
Policy Type:Regulatory Instruments>Codes and standards, Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Taxes, Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Grants and subsidies, Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Tax relief, Information and Education>Information provision, Information and Education>Performance Label, Regulatory Instruments>Other mandatory requirements
Policy Target:Transport>Passenger, Buildings>Residential, Industry
Agency:Ministry of Environmental, Physical Planning and Public Works
Description:A new plan to combat air pollution was announced in May 2008, which will penalise motorists driving high-CO2 emitting cars with heavier taxes and restricted access to city centres. Vehicles will be subject to a new road tax system, calculated on the level of pollution rather than on engine capacity, as is the current case. Cars will be placed into four categories, from alpha to delta, based on the amount of emissions produced. Owners of alpha category vehicles, those with low or no emissions, will not have to pay a road tax. Those with vehicles in the next three categories will have to pay increasingly higher tax rates, paid once a year. Vehicles in the beta, gamma and delta categories will also be required to display colour-coded tax disks to display on their cards, as well as produce exhaust emissions control cards during routine police checks. The emission-level category also determines the frequency with which vehicles have access to city centres across the country. Alpha category cars will have full access, while delta category cars will only be admitted on week-ends. Taxis are exempt from the scheme. Financial incentives will also be provided to encourage a switch to more environmentally friendly cars and to remove older vehicles from the road, including those without catalytic converters. The plan also states that restrictions will be imposed on industrial plants with significant greenhouse gas emissions. Details on these restrictions have not yet been developed. In addition, households will be required to witch their boilers from heating oil to natural gas within three years of when a natural gas supply becomes available in there area.

Last modified: Tue, 17 Jul 2012 15:14:00 CEST