Policy status:Superseded
Date Effective:2008
Date Ended:2012
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Multiple RE Sources, Multiple RE Sources>Power
Policy Sector:Electricity, Multi-sectoral Policy
Size of Plant Targeted:Small and Large
Agency:Ministry of Employment and the Economy; Energy Efficiency Committee

The Finnish Government submitted a report to Parliament on climate and energy policy in 2001 and in 2005. Since the latest report, international and EU climate and energy political objectives and obligations have changed to such an extent that, in 2007, the Government Programme of Prime Minister Vanhanens second Cabinet stated an intention to draw up a long-term climate and energy strategy at the beginning of its current term, to define the principal objectives and means of Finland's climate and energy policy for the next few decades, within the context of the European Union and its objectives.

The strategy was submitted to the Parliament on 6 November 2008. It was decided that the Strategy would be submitted to Parliament in the form of a report. Preparation of the report was lead by the Government's Ministerial Working Group on Climate and Energy Policy.

The preparatory body for the Ministerial Working Group was the Climate and Energy Policy Network, comprising representatives of several Ministries, including the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Education, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Prime Ministers Office, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of the Environment.

The report provides an outline and strategy, including background information and four appendices. The Strategy describes the changes that have taken place in the international operating environment, and presents the Governments vision for energy and climate policy in the forthcoming years. It also proposes for key measures for the attainment of the EUs objectives regarding the promotion of renewable energy, the enhancement of efficiency in energy consumption, and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions.

Energy and electricity consumption targets for 2020:

The strategy sets targets for final energy consumption and electricity consumption in 2020, aiming to keep them relatively stable as compared to 2008 levels.

  • Final energy consumption is to reach 310 TWh (almost equal to the current level) and
  • electricity consumption is to reach 98 TWh (slightly higher than the 2008 level of just under 90 TWh).

The strategy presents two scenarios: the baseline corresponding to current measures and development; and the objective, meeting the EU and national objectives.

According to the scenarios, for 2020, electricity consumption would, at the baseline, be 103 TWh (terawatt-hours), primary energy consumption 479 TWh, final energy consumption 347 TWh and greenhouse gas emissions 89 Mt CO2-eqv. (million equivalent carbon dioxide tonnes) and corresponding emissions outside the emission trading sector, 36 Mt CO2-eqv. According to the objective, in 2020, electricity consumption will equal 98 TWh, primary energy consumption 430 TWh, final energy consumption 310 TWh and emissions outside the emission trading sector 30 Mt CO2-eqv.

Emissions within industries included in emission trading are specified in accordance with EU-wide emission trading, which is under modification. The strategy aims for a marked increase in the share of indigenously generated energy, as well as improved energy efficiency and increased use of renewable energy.

Renewable energy target for 2020:

  • The share of renewable energy is targeted to increase to 38% of total final energy consumption.[1]

This will require an increase in the use of wood-based energy, waste fuels, heat pumps, biogas and wind energy. The use of forest chips is to be increased by two or three times over current levels, and by 2020, some 6TWh of wind energy to be harnessed for use, which would entail the construction of a minimum of 700 new 3 MW wind power plants. In addition, the share of coal and oil in Finlands energy balance is to decrease and energy diversity to increase. To an extent, the energy system would be based on greater use of electricity than before. Climate and energy financing will increase from EUR 350 million in 2007 to EUR 440 million in 2008, and increase further in 2009.

[1] For more on renewable energy targets for 2020 for Finland please see Finnish “Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)”


Previous strategies were approved in 2001 and 2005. Finland's new government plans to update the Strategy at the end of 2012.

Related policies:Government Decision on Energy Efficiency Measures , Feed-in Tariffs for electricity from wind, biogas and wood chip , Foresight Report on Long-term Climate and Energy Policy
This record is superseded by:National Energy and Climate Strategy , National Energy and Climate Strategy of Finland for 2030

Last modified: Wed, 10 May 2017 15:58:02 CEST